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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
China's Currency: Brief Overview of U.S. Opinions

China's Currency: Brief Overview of U.S. Opinions

Date: November 29, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: Many are concerned that China’s currency is undervalued and that this injures the U.S. economy. The Chinese authorities say they are not manipulating their currency and they want to move as soon as possible to a market-based yuan. A new exchange rate procedure was announced in July 2005 but has not resulted in meaningful changes in the yuan’s international value. This report reviews the issues and discusses alternative approaches the United States might take to encourage more rapid reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency Peg: A Summary of the Economic Issues

China's Currency Peg: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Date: April 25, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report evaluates that assertion, and considers other effects China’s peg has on the U.S. economy. These include the beneficial effects on consumption, interest rates, and investment spending. Nationwide, these effects should offset job loss in the trade sector, at least in the medium term. Several bills have been introduced in the 109th Congress to address China’s currency policy, including H.R. 1216, H.R. 1498, H.R. 1575, S. 14, S. 295, S. 377, and S. 593; some would impose trade sanctions against China unless it accepted a market-based system of currency valuation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China’s Currency: U.S. Options

China’s Currency: U.S. Options

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: In recent years, the United States and China have disagreed whether China’s national currency, the yuan or renminbi, is properly valued compared to the U.S. dollar and whether China is manipulating its currency.1 The United States has pushed China to raise the value of its currency. Chinese officials say they want to make their exchange rate system more flexible, but China also needs long-term stability in its currency value in order to avoid dislocations. Chinese officials also say they will not bow to foreign pressure. China announced a new exchange rate procedure on July 21, 2005. This report summarizes this controversy, it describes actions and positions taken by the United States, China and other countries, and it discusses various approaches the United States might use to address this concern.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Hong Kong - U.S. Economic Relations

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Date: April 13, 2005
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance

Iraq: U.S. Regime Change Efforts and Post-Saddam Governance

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: August 2, 2004
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nigeria in Political Transition

Nigeria in Political Transition

Date: June 3, 2005
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Date: September 4, 1998
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Iraqi Chemical and Biological Weapons (CBW) Capabilities

Date: February 17, 1998
Creator: Bowman, Steven R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?

U.S. Trade Policy Towards Japan: Where Do We Go From Here?

Date: May 8, 1989
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade: Results of Trade Negotiations - An Issue Overview

Japan-U.S. Trade: Results of Trade Negotiations - An Issue Overview

Date: November 24, 1993
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations

Nepal: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 8, 2005
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uzbekistan:  Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Uzbekistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Drug Trafficking and North Korea: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: At least 50 documented incidents in more than 20 countries around the world, many involving arrest or detention of North Korean diplomats, link North Korea to drug trafficking. Such events, in the context of credible, but unproven, allegations of large scale state sponsorship of drug production and trafficking, raise important issues for the United States and its allies in combating international drug trafficking. The challenge to policy makers is how to pursue an effective counter drug policy and comply with U.S. law which may require cutting off aid to North Korea while pursuing other high-priority U.S. foreign policy objectives including (1) limiting possession and production of weapons of mass destruction; (2) limiting ballistic missile production and export; (3) curbing terrorism, counterfeiting, and international crime; and (4) addressing humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Date: June 7, 2001
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Date: July 25, 2001
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nigeria in Political Transition

Nigeria in Political Transition

Date: April 28, 2005
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department