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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq
Iran is materially assisting and influencing major Shiite Muslim factions in Iraq, most of which have ideological, political, and religious ties to Tehran. Among these factions is that of hardline anti-U.S. cleric Moqtada Al Sadr, whose Mahdi Army militia, according to some observers, serves as a proxy force for Tehran against the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10653/
Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq
Iran is materially assisting and attempting to influence, in most cases against the United States, major Shiite Muslim factions in Iraq, most of which have ideological, political, and religious ties to Tehran. The Administration asserts that Tehran is actively directing, training, and arming Shiite militiamen linked, to varying degrees, to hardline anti-U.S. cleric Moqtada Al Sadr. Some analysts see a virtual "proxy war" between the United States and Iran inside Iraq. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10654/
Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq
Iran is materially assisting and influencing major Shiite Muslim factions in Iraq, most of which have ideological, political, and religious ties to Tehran. Among these factions is that of hardline anti-U.S. cleric Moqtada Al Sadr, whose Mahdi Army militia, according to some observers, serves as a proxy force for Tehran against the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10652/
Iran's Activities and Influence in Iraq
With a conventional military and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) threat from Saddam Hussein's regime removed, Iran seeks to ensure that Iraq can never again become a threat to Iran, either with or without U.S. forces present in Iraq. By supporting armed Shiite factions, Iran's influence in Iraq has at times hindered U.S. efforts to stabilize Iraq, and has heightened the U.S. threat perception of Iran generally. However, Iran faces difficult choices in Iraq now that its protege Shiite factions, formerly united, are competing and often fighting each other. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs10656/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress
This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Japan, including Japanese efforts to support the U.S. in the wake of the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks and the two countries' economic ties, especially with regards to the recent economic downturn. This report also discusses the general political atmosphere of Japan, including the recent and ongoing political turmoil in Tokyo. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26235/
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy
This report discusses issues related to peace in the Middle East, including post-Gulf War negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon; U.S. interest in these and continuing negotiations and peacetalks between Middle Eastern countries; and the role of the U.S., the U.N., the European Union, and Russia in Middle Eastern relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26237/
Cote d'Ivoire's Post-Election Crisis
This report discusses the recent political instability in Côte d'Ivoire, which has surfaced most recently in February 2011, and stems from a contested November 28, 2010, presidential election. This report discusses background information on Côte d'Ivoire's long struggle toward peace, political stability, and democratic governance. This report also addresses U.S. interests regarding Côte d'Ivoire's stability and democratic progress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc33100/
European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations
This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31456/
The Future of the Eurozone and U.S. Interests
Seventeen of the European Union's 27 member states share an economic and monetary union (EMU) with the euro as a single currency. These countries are effectively referred to as the Eurozone. What has become known as the Eurozone crisis began in early 2010 when financial markets were shaken by heightened concerns that the fiscal positions of a number of Eurozone countries, beginning with Greece, were unsustainable. This report provides background information and analysis on the future of the Eurozone in six parts, including discussions on the origins and design challenges of the Eurozone, proposals to define the Eurozone crisis, possible scenarios for the future of the Eurozone, and the implications of the Eurozone crisis for U.S. economic and political interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31475/
European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations
This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31455/
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations
This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31447/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7045/
The Rise of China and Its Effect on Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea: U.S. Policy Choices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8272/
European Views and Policies Toward the Middle East
Managing policy differences on a range of issues emanating from the Middle East poses serious challenges for the United States and its European allies and friends. The most vitriolic dispute has centered on the conflict in Iraq. However, divisions over how best to approach the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, manage Iran and Syria, and combat terrorism also persist. How deep and lasting the clash over Iraq and subsequent Middle East policies will be to transatlantic relations will likely depend on several factors, including whether Washington and European capitals can cooperate more robustly to rebuild Iraq; whether Europeans perceive a renewed U.S. commitment to revive the Middle East peace process; and whether differences over Mideast issues spill over into NATO or impede EU efforts to forge a deeper Union. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8029/
Korean Crisis, 1994: Military Geography, Military Balance, Military Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs170/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6373/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6381/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6429/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6428/
Missile Proliferation and the Strategic Balance in South Asia
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5699/
Hong Kong: Sino-British Disputes and Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs74/
Hong Kong's Political Transition: Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs251/
Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs351/
Hong Kong's Return to China: Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs253/
Hong Kong After Its Return to China: Implications for US Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs765/
Hong Kong's Political Transition: Implications for U.S. Interests
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs252/
Hong Kong's Transition to Chinese Rule: Issues, U.S. Interests, U.S. Options
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs244/
North Korea's Campaign Against the Korean Armistice
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs185/
The Rise of China and Its Effect on Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea: U.S. Policy Choices
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6212/
The Eurozone Crisis: Overview and Issues for Congress
This report provides an overview of the causes, challenges, political dynamics, and other aspects of the Eurozone's economic crisis and discusses the related issues that Congress may address, such as: how this situation will impact the U.S. economy, IMF (International Monetary Fund) involvement, and how the US and Europe will cooperate to solve these issues. The report also contains supplemental figures and charts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122221/
The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications
This report is designed to assist members of Congress as they consider the costs and benefits of the U.S.-South Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA.) It examines the provisions of the KORUS FTA in the context of the overall U.S.-South Korean economic relationship, U.S. objectives, and South Korean objectives. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99113/
Fukushima Nuclear Crisis
This report briefly discusses the March 11, 2001 earthquake off the east coast of Honshu, Japan's largest island. The earthquake caused an automatic shutdown of eleven of Japan's fifty-five operating nuclear power plants, though the plants closest to the earthquake's epicenter, Fukushima and Onagawa, were damaged by the earthquake and resulting tsunami. This report also discusses efforts by the United States and other countries to provide assistance to Japan to deal with the nuclear crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98969/
Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests
This report discusses the history and political background of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia since breaking away from the former Soviet Union at the end of 1991. It looks at key issues for the 112th Congress including economies, energy, regional politics, local crime, and terrorism. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc98065/
Cote d'Ivoire's Post-Election Crisis
This report discusses the recent political instability in Côte d'Ivoire, which has surfaced most recently in February 2011, and stems from a contested November 28, 2010 presidential election. This report discusses background information on Côte d'Ivoire's long struggle toward peace, political stability, and democratic governance. It also addresses U.S. interests regarding Côte d'Ivoire's stability and democratic progress. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc122343/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress
This report looks at Japan-U.S. relations since WWII. The report focuses on some problems which can be addressed by Congress, including the earthquake and tsunami which hit Japan in March 2011, the Futenma Marine Air Station in Okinawa, bilateral trade, and economic issues resulting from the recent credit crisis and related economic recession. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99095/
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress
Report that looks at Japan-U.S. relations since WWII. The report focuses on some problems which can be addressed by Congress, including the earthquake and tsunami which hit Japan in March, 2011, the Futenma Marine Air Station in Okinawa, bilateral trade, and economic issues resulting from the recent credit crisis and related economic recession. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc228025/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4209/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4208/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4207/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4206/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4205/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4204/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4203/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2457/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2456/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2455/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2454/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2453/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6179/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2452/