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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Russian Missile Technology and Nuclear Reactor Transfers to Iran
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs800/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8389/
Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8186/
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8270/
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8574/
Japanese-U.S. Trade Relations: Cooperation or Confrontation?
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs86/
Panama: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
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Syria: U.S. Relations and Bilateral Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9445/
U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9382/
Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9372/
Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress
This report, which will be updated regularly, examines issues in U.S.-Cuban relations and tracks legislative initiatives on Cuba in the 109th Congress. The 109th Congress will likely continue an active interest in Cuba concerning human rights, debate over economic sanctions (especially on travel), food and agricultural exports to Cuba, terrorism issues, Radio and TV Marti, bilateral anti-drug cooperation, and migration issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9371/
Cuba: Issues for the 109th Congress
This report, which will be updated regularly, examines issues in U.S.-Cuban relations and tracks legislative initiatives on Cuba in the 109th Congress. The 109th Congress will likely continue an active interest in Cuba concerning human rights, debate over economic sanctions (especially on travel), food and agricultural exports to Cuba, terrorism issues, Radio and TV Marti, bilateral anti-drug cooperation, and migration issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9370/
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress
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North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9861/
Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2006
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9798/
World Trade Organization (WTO): Issues in the Debate on U.S. Participation
In a report submitted to Congress on March 2, 2005 on the costs and benefits of continued participation in the WTO, the Administration cited a number of statistics that show growth in the U.S. and world economies since establishment of the WTO. Whether the growth cited was the result exclusively or mainly of activity in the WTO is arguable. Academic studies indicate that the United States would gain substantially from broad reductions in trade barriers worldwide. At the same time, some workers and industries might not share in those gains. Questions of governance and power are among the issues at the heart of the debate on the WTO. Major decisions in the WTO are made by member governments, who determine their negotiating positions, file dispute challenges, and implement their decisions. However, some challenge the claim that the WTO is democratic in nature by arguing that smaller countries are left out of the decisionmaking and that governments tend to represent large commercial interests only. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9676/
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8459/
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States
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Iraq: U.N. Inspections for Weapons of Mass Destruction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5688/
Iraq: U.N. Inspections for Weapons of Mass Destruction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5689/
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8560/
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8942/
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8943/
Global Climate Change: Coal Use in China and Other Asian Developing Countries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs848/
The Japan-United States Framework for Trade Negotiations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs81/
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8304/
Plan Colombia: A Progress Report
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8543/
North Korea: Economic Sanctions
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The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
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The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
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North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8661/
Iraq: U.N. Inspections for Weapons of Mass Destruction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5690/
NATO and the European Union
Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5920/
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5909/
Democracy in Russia: Trends and Implications for U.S. Interests
U.S. attention has focused on Russia's fitful democratization since Russia emerged in 1991 from the collapse of the Soviet Union. Many observers have argued that a democratic Russia with free markets would be a cooperative bilateral and multilateral partner rather than an insular and hostile national security threat. President Putin's 2004 proposal to restructure the government has been supported by international observers. The U.S. Administration and Congress have welcomed some cooperation with Russia on vital U.S. national security concerns, including the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, among other issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9553/
The Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9016/
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9467/
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9468/
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9713/
U.S. Aid to the Palestinians
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9997/
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9471/
China-U.S. Trade Issues
U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9477/
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflict, and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9470/
Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches
In the new context of Fidel’s transfer of power, there are two broad policy approaches to contend with political change in Cuba: a stay-the-course or status-quo approach that would maintain the U.S. dual-track policy of isolating the Cuban government while providing support to the Cuban people; and an approach aimed at influencing the Cuban government and Cuban society through increased contact and engagement. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9518/
Cuba After Fidel Castro: U.S. Policy Implications and Approaches
In the new context of Fidel’s transfer of power, there are two broad policy approaches to contend with political change in Cuba: a stay-the-course or status-quo approach that would maintain the U.S. dual-track policy of isolating the Cuban government while providing support to the Cuban people; and an approach aimed at influencing the Cuban government and Cuban society through increased contact and engagement. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9519/
Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9348/
Bolivia: Political and Economic Developments and Relations with the United States
This report includes background information on Bolivia’s political unrest, economic situation, and relations with the United States. In the past few years, Bolivia has experienced extreme political unrest resulting in the country having six presidents since 2001. Under policies of recently-elected leftist-leaning President Evo Morales, Bolivia's relations with neighboring countries, foreign investors, and the United States have been complicated. For some 20 years, U.S. interest in Bolivia has centered on its role as a coca producer and its relationship to Colombia and Peru, the two other major coca- and cocaine-producing countries in the Andes. U.S.-Bolivian relations have become tense in 2006 in the wake of the Morales government's questionable commitment to combating illegal drugs, increasing ties with Venezuela and Cuba, and the nationalization measure. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9550/
Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9558/
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6915/
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy
Afghanistan’s stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Successful presidential elections held on October 9, 2004 appear to be accelerating political and economic reconstruction, and the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime has been diminishing significantly. Since the defeat of the Taliban, Afghanistan no longer serves as a safe base of operations for Al Qaeda. Remaining obstacles to stability include the continued local authority of militias controlled by regional leaders and growing narcotics trafficking. U.S. stabilization measures focus on strengthening the central government and its security forces. This report discusses U.S. efforts in Afghanistan at length, as well as the efforts of other countries around the world and the costs of U.S. aid to Afghanistan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6912/