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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: Report that provides a basic overview of the island of Guam, including population and location, as well as the strategic significance of Guam for boosting U.S. deterrence and power projection in Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations

France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations

Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report examines the key factors that shape French foreign policy. From that context, it analyzes some of the reasons for the tensions in and the accomplishments of U.S.-French relations. The report is illustrative, rather than exhaustive. Instead, the report reviews issues selected because they exemplify some of the essential features of the U.S.-French relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mexico's Free Trade Agreements

Mexico's Free Trade Agreements

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: In the 112th Congress, issues of concern related to the trade and economic relationship with Mexico have involved mostly economic conditions in Mexico, issues related to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the effect of NAFTA, and Mexican migration to the United States. This report provides an overview of Mexico's free trade agreements, its motivations for trade liberalization and entering into free trade agreements, and some of the issues Mexico faces in addressing its economic challenges.
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Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: August 9, 2012
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the revolution and post-conflict transition in Libya. The crisis was triggered in mid-February 2011 by a chain of events in Benghazi and other eastern cities that quickly spiraled out of Qadhafi's control and resulted in his death. A July election marked a shift from the appointed interim government and may provide more democratic legitimacy and better decision making. The report also looks at the military and economic state of the country, including human rights, Islam and politics, and Libya's oil asses.
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Libya: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Libya: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the recent revolution against Libyan ruler Muammar al Qadhafi. Qadhafi's opposition is calling for an end to the authoritarian political system he has controlled in Libya for the last four decades. This report focuses on U.S. military and diplomatic policy regarding this incident and possible future security concerns.
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Libya: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Libya: Unrest and U.S. Policy

Date: April 25, 2011
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the revolution and current conflict in Libya. The current crisis was triggered in mid-February 2011 by a chain of events in Benghazi and other eastern cities that quickly spiraled out of Qadhafi's control. Although Libyan opposition groups had called for a so-called "day of rage" on February 17 to commemorate protests that had occurred five years earlier, localized violence erupted prior to the planned national protests. As of April 25, U.S. and coalition officials stated that coalition military operations had destroyed the ability of the Libyan military to control Libyan airspace and had reduced the capability of Libyan ground forces by roughly 30%-40%.
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Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
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Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: December 20, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: June 29, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: May 27, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Morocco: Current Issues

Morocco: Current Issues

Date: July 11, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses the current political and foreign policy status of Morocco, especially with regard to its relationship with the United States and its struggles combating terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mongolia and U.S. Policy: Political and Economic Relations

Mongolia and U.S. Policy: Political and Economic Relations

Date: June 18, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report provides background information on Mongolia, including political and economic conditions, the status of U.S.-Mongolian political and economic relations, and key security and foreign policy issues.
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Monitoring and Verification in Arms Control

Monitoring and Verification in Arms Control

Date: July 2, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report reviews some of the monitoring and verification provisions in the new START Treaty between the U.S. and Russia and compares these with some of the provisions in the original START Treaty. It focuses, specifically, on differences between the treaties in the provisions governing the exchange of data, known as telemetry, generated during missile flight tests; provisions governing the monitoring of mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs); and differences in the numbers and types of on-site inspections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Background and U.S. Relations

Libya: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: On May 15, 2006, the Bush Administration announced its intention to restore full diplomatic relations with Libya and to rescind Libya's listing as a state sponsor of terrorism and a country not fully cooperating with U.S. counterterrorism efforts. The announcements mark the culmination of a period of improvement and rapprochement in U.S.-Libyan relations that begin in December 2003. Observers expect that these changes will usher in a new era in the U.S.-Libyan relationship, which has been strained and hostile for much of the last 35 years. This report provides background information on Libya and U.S.-Libyan relations; profile Libyan leader Muammar Al Qadhafi; discusses Libya's political and economic reform efforts; and reviews current issues of potential congressional interest.
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Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: June 18, 2008
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines Kyrgyzstan's uneven political and economic reform efforts. It discusses U.S. policy and assistance for democratization and other programs. Basic facts and biographical information are provided. Related products include CRS Report RL33458, Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests, by Jim Nichol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Kyrgyzstan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 11, 2011
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Kyrgyzstan is a small and poor Central Asian country that gained independence in 1991 with the breakup of the Soviet Union. The United States has been interested in helping Kyrgyzstan to enhance its sovereignty and territorial integrity, increase democratic participation and civil society, bolster economic reform and development, strengthen human rights, prevent weapons proliferation, and more effectively combat transnational terrorism and trafficking in persons and narcotics. The United States has pursued these interests throughout Central Asia, with special strategic attention to oil-rich Kazakhstan and somewhat less to Kyrgyzstan. The significance of Kyrgyzstan to the United States increased after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. Kyrgyzstan offered to host U.S. forces at an airbase at the Manas international airport outside of the capital, Bishkek, and it opened in December 2001. The Kyrgyz government renewed the lease on the airbase (renamed the Manas Transit Center) in June 2009 after the United States agreed to higher lease and other payments. After an April 2010 coup in Kyrgyzstan and ethnic violence in June 2010 in the south of the country, the United States committed about $90 million in urgent humanitarian and other assistance in addition to appropriated foreign assistance of ...
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Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: September 21, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M
Description: This report provides an overview of Egyptian politics and current issues in U.S.-Egyptian relations. It briefly provides a political history of modern Egypt, an overview of its political institutions, and a discussion of the prospects for democratization in Egypt, U.S.-Egyptian relations are complex and multi-faceted, and this report addresses the following current topics: the Arab-Israeli peace process, Iraq, terrorism, democratization and reform, human rights, trade, and military cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Counterterrorist Efforts: Political Will and Diverse Responses in the First Year After September 11

European Counterterrorist Efforts: Political Will and Diverse Responses in the First Year After September 11

Date: October 17, 2002
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: The attacks of September 11 prompted the Bush Administration to improve law enforcement and other coordination between the United States and European governments dealing with international terrorism. European governments have also taken measures to enhance cooperation among themselves. Most notable are European Union efforts to enhance cross-border sharing of intelligence and police information, extend the reach of warrants, and strengthen external border controls. While European governments may wish to implement stronger efforts at home to quell terrorism, several do not wish to be seen as following an American plan for doing so, above all if that plan is linked to a broader U.S. policy for militarily confronting Middle Eastern countries or political entities that the Administration believes to be supporting terrorist networks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consular Identification Cards: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications, the Mexican Case, and Related Legislation

Consular Identification Cards: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications, the Mexican Case, and Related Legislation

Date: March 31, 2005
Creator: Bruno, Andorra & Storrs, K. Larry
Description: The debate about consular identification cards in the United States has centered around the matrícula consular, the consular identification card issued by Mexican consulates to Mexican citizens in the United States. In May 2003, the Treasury Department issued regulations allowing acceptance of the cards as proof of identity for the purpose of opening a bank account, and the cards are accepted for other purposes as well, including issuance of drivers’ licenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consular Identification Cards: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications, the Mexican Case, and Related Legislation

Consular Identification Cards: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications, the Mexican Case, and Related Legislation

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Bruno, Andorra & Storrs, K. Larry
Description: The debate about consular identification cards in the United States has centered around the matrícula consular, the consular identification card issued by Mexican consulates to Mexican citizens in the United States. In May 2003, the Treasury Department issued regulations allowing acceptance of the cards as proof of identity for the purpose of opening a bank account, and the cards are accepted for other purposes as well, including issuance of drivers’ licenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine's Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Ukraine's Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
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Coup in Kyrgyzstan:  Developments and Implications

Coup in Kyrgyzstan: Developments and Implications

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: The United States has been interested in helping Kyrgyzstan to enhance its sovereignty and territorial integrity, increase democratic participation and civil society, bolster economic reform and development, strengthen human rights, prevent weapons proliferation, and more effectively combat transnational terrorism and trafficking in persons and narcotics. The United States has pursued these interests throughout Central Asia, with special strategic attention to oil-rich Kazakhstan and regional-power Uzbekistan, and somewhat less to Kyrgyzstan. The significance of Kyrgyzstan to the United States increased after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department