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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the continuing conflict in Syria including recent regime losses in confrontations with forces of the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL/ISIS) in northeastern Syria. The report also covers Syrian chemical weapons disarmament and U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Gallis, Paul & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report follows the path of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) evolution in Afghanistan. The first section covers the initial two stages of the International Security Assistance Force's (ISAF) mission, and analyzes key issues in the mission: use of Provincial Reconstruction Teams to stabilize and rebuild the country; overcoming caveats placed by individual allies on the use of their forces; and managing the counter-narcotics effort. The next section of the report examines stages three and four of the ISAF mission which cover roughly the period December 2005 to the present. In this section, the debate to develop a refined mission statement and a new organizational structure is analyzed by looking at issues that are both political and military, such as securing more troops, the treatment of prisoners, and organization of command. By late 2006 as ISAF extended its responsibilities to cover all of Afghanistan, the allies began to realize that ISAF would require a greater combat capability than originally believed, and the mission began to change. This adjustment in mission is discussed through the perspective of several key allies. The final section of the report assesses ISAF's progress to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Date: February 28, 2013
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report focuses on how policy makers would identify any spillover of drug trafficking-related violence into the United States. It provides an overview of Mexican drug trafficking organization structures, how they conduct business, and the relationship between the drug trafficking organizations in Mexico and their partnerships operating here in the United States; a discussion of the illicit drug trade between Mexico and the United States, as well as a discussion of factors implicated in drug trafficking-related violence; an analysis of the possible nature of any spillover violence that may arise, as well as issues involved in accurately identifying and measuring such violence; and an evaluation of available crime rate data and a discussion of how this data may or may not reflect changes in drug trafficking-related crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chile: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Chile: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: December 10, 2009
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report provides a brief historical background of Chile, examines recent political and economic developments, and addresses issues in U.S.-Chilean relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report summarizes U.S. assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of North Korea (DPRK, also known as North Korea). It will be updated periodically to track changes in U.S. provision of aid to North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2015 Appropriations

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2015 Appropriations

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean. It examines historical and recent trends in aid to the region as well as the Obama Administration's FY2015 request for State Department and U.S Agency for International Development (USAID)-administered assistance. It also tracks congressional action on foreign aid appropriations for Latin America and the Caribbean in FY2015, and raises questions Congress may consider as it appropriates funding for the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-South Korea Relations

U.S.-South Korea Relations

Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Rinehart, Ian E.; Nikitin, Mary Beth & Cooper, William H.
Description: This report contains two main parts: a section describing recent events and a longer background section on key elements of the U.S.-South Korea relationship. The end of the report provides a list of CRS products on South Korea and North Korea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: July 25, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Gallis, Paul
Description: This report follows the path of NATO's evolution in Afghanistan. The first section covers the initial two stages of ISAF's mission, and analyzes key issues in the mission: use of Provincial Reconstruction Teams to stabilize and rebuild the country; overcoming caveats placed by individual allies on the use of their forces; and managing the counter-narcotics effort. The next section of the report examines stages three and four of the ISAF mission which cover roughly the period December 2005 to the present. In this section, the debate to develop a refined mission statement and a new organizational structure is analyzed by looking at issues that are both political and military, such as securing more troops, the treatment of prisoners, and organization of command. By late 2006 as ISAF extended its responsibilities to cover all of Afghanistan, the allies began to realize that ISAF would require a greater combat capability than originally believed, and the mission would have to change. This adjustment in mission is discussed through the perspective of several key allies. The final section of the report assesses ISAF's progress to date.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America and the Caribbean: Key Issues for the 113th Congress

Latin America and the Caribbean: Key Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: August 29, 2014
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. policy toward Latin America and the Caribbean, including the Obama Administration's priorities; examines changes in the region's economic and political environment that affect U.S. relations with the region; and analyzes U.S. policy toward the region and various recommendations made by policy analysts and think tanks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department