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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 2351 - 2374 of 4,103
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Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Date: September 29, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Guinea's 2008 Military Coup and Relations with the United States

Guinea's 2008 Military Coup and Relations with the United States

Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Arieff, Alexis & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report analyzes developments since the military's seizure of power in December 2008, Guinea's relations with the United States, and U.S. policy in the wake of the coup. It also provides background on Guinean history and politics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Illegal Drug Trade in Africa: Trends and U.S. Policy

Illegal Drug Trade in Africa: Trends and U.S. Policy

Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the rise in illicit drug trafficking in Africa, the U.S. policy response, and implications for U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea: Its Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Outlook

South Korea: Its Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Outlook

Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Konishi, Weston S.
Description: This report covers the background and current state of the relationship of the United States with the Republic of Korea (ROK, formerly South Korea), including economic and trade issues, North Korea, naval, and military events. It is a general overview of the current state of relations with South Korea.
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Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
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Afghanistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Afghanistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The U.S. program of assistance to Afghanistan is intended to stabilize and strengthen the Afghan economic, social, political, and security environment so as to blunt popular support for extremist forces in the region. Since 2001, nearly $38 billion has been appropriated toward this effort. This report provides a "big picture" overview of the U.S. aid program and congressional action. It describes what various aid agencies report they are doing in Afghanistan. It does not address the effectiveness of their programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides information on Africa Command's (AFRICOM) mission, structure, interagency coordination, and its basing and manpower requirements. The report also gives a broad overview of U.S. strategic interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the continent as they pertain to the creation of Africa Command.
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Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Honduras, which is one of the Western Hemisphere's poorest countries and has a high poverty rate, high infant mortality rate, and a widespread HIV/AIDS epidemic. This report also discusses the relationship between the U.S. and Honduras, focusing on the countries' important trade partnership, the U.S. military presence in Honduras, and U.S. foreign aid.
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Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report provides current statistical information, profiles the Afghanistan narcotics trade's participants, explores linkages between narcotics, insecurity, and corruption, and reviews U.S. and international policy responses since late 2001. The report also considers ongoing policy debates regarding the counternarcotics role of coalition military forces, poppy eradication, alternative livelihoods, and funding issues for Congress.
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Iran: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy

Iran: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy

Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Addis, Casey L.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Katzman, Kenneth; Carol Migdalovitz; Nichol, Jim; Sharp, Jeremy M. et al.
Description: This report provides a description of Iran's neighbors' policies and interests, options for Congressional consideration, and an analysis of potential regional implications
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Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis

Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis

Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report looks at political instability that has plagued the Madagascar since 2009. The report address other concerns that Congress has about the country as well, specifically threats to Madagascar's unique ecosystem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report addresses relevant policy questions in current U.S.-China relations, discusses trends and key legislation in the current Congress, and provides a chronology of developments and high-level exchanges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. This report discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996.
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Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 1991; it entered into force in December 1994 and expired in December 2009. This report provides background information about the START Treaty and reviews the discussions about a possible successor to START. It also presents a range of alternatives that the United States and Russia might consider if they choose to follow START with a new framework for the arms control process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greece Update

Greece Update

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses current issues regarding Greece's recent elections, economy, and foreign policies.
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Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Cooper, William H.; Ek, Carl; Woehrel, Steven; Woolf, Amy F.; Hildreth, Steven A. et al.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev, both of which have steered Russia away from democratization. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Rwanda, including a brief historical overview. The report also includes information about the poor human rights conditions in Rwanda and U.S. Rwanda relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report covers the contentious travel restrictions between the U.S. and Cuba from the 1960s to the present time. It includes background on the restrictions, enforcement of restrictions, and arguments for or against maintaining travel restrictions. It also provides background on relevant legislative initiatives during the 106th through the 111th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Dolven, Ben; Manyin, Mark E.; Martin, Michael F. & Niksch, Larry A.
Description: The report looks at the rise of Islamist militancy and the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), network, and discusses terrorism in the region, concluding with options for U.S. policy. Strategies include placing greater emphasis on attacking institutions that support terrorism, building up regional governments' capacities for combating terrorist groups, and reducing the sense of alienation among Muslim citizens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department