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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Date: December 11, 2014
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: The United States has led the international community in imposing economic sanctions on Iran, in an effort to change the government of that country's support of acts of international terrorism, poor human rights record, weapons and missile development and acquisition, role in regional instability, and development of a nuclear program. This report identifies the legislative bases for sanctions imposed on Iran, and the nature of the authority to waive or lift those restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report discusses the United States, and European Union policies with Russia in response to the crisis in Ukraine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Proposals in Brief

A New Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State: Comparison of Proposals in Brief

Date: December 19, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses executive authority to authorize force in the crisis involving the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIL or ISIS), which raised significant concerns for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: January 28, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran. U.S. sanctions have been a major feature of U.S. Iran policy since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, but U.N. and worldwide bilateral sanctions on Iran are a relatively recent (post-2006) development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws

Burma's 2010 Elections: Implications of the New Constitution and Election Laws

Date: April 29, 2010
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the November 7, 2010 parliamentary elections in Burma, which have long been controversial, mainly due to election fraud concerns. The report discusses debates about U.S. policy toward Burma, which has been sparked by the elections and the issues surrounding them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2010
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report looks at the relationship between the U.S. and Thailand. This includes recent rivalries between populist political forces, nepotism in government, and Thai relationships with neighboring countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: Bea, Keith & Garrett, R. Sam
Description: This report discusses the current U.S.-Puerto Rico relationship, the history of said relationship, and the current political state of Puerto Rico, as well as relevant pieces of U.S. Congressional legislation concerning Puerto Rico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran-Iraq Relations

Iran-Iraq Relations

Date: April 15, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides background information on Iran's support to armed groups and Iranian political influence and specifically discusses the relationship between Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the New Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START), including a comparison to the original START Treaty, the belief of the Obama Administration and outside analysts that New START will enhance U.S. national security, and the criticisms of those who say that New START is a distraction from more important items on the nonproliferation agenda.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current state of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, its relationship with the United States, and future initiatives to further develop U.S.-Saudi relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments

Pakistan: Key Current Issues and Developments

Date: June 1, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report reviews key current issues and developments in Pakistan and in U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

United States-Canada Trade and Economic Relationship: Prospects and Challenges

Date: May 3, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: The United States and Canada conduct the world's largest bilateral trade relationship, with total merchandise trade (exports and imports) exceeding $429.7 billion in 2009. This report examines the various aspects of this trade partnership and presents several policy options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: May 28, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides background information regarding political violence and the peace process in Northern Ireland. It includes further information about the devolved government and recurrent crises (1999-2002, 2003-2007 and 2008-2010), implementation of police reforms, recent events and ongoing challenges, relevant U.S. policy, and recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. It also discusses ways in which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2015
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations, since the economic condition of each nation can affect the world economy and a U.S.-Japan bilateral economic relationship could influence economic conditions in other countries. U.S. and Japanese leaders have several options on how to manage their relationship, including stronger reliance on the World Trade Organization; special bilateral negotiating frameworks and agreements; or a free trade agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Thailand: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: May 19, 2010
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic state of Thailand, particularly in the wake of the September 2006 coup that displaced Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and has resulted in continuing instability. This report also discusses the ongoing U.S.-Thai relationship, despite different policies in such areas as human rights.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: January 8, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E.; Margesson, Rhoda & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the current crisis involving the Islamic State, which is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that has expanded its control over areas of parts of Iraq and Syria since 2013. In December 2014, the 113th Congress provided new authorities and funds for efforts to combat the Islamic State organization in Syria and Iraq in the FY2015 national defense authorization (P.L. 113-291) and consolidated appropriations acts (P.L. 113-235).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: May 4, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on the United States' relationship with Iran and how the Obama Administration is handling prior administrations' economic sanctions against Iran. The Obama Administration's policy approach toward Iran has contrasted with the Bush Administration's by attempting to couple the imposition of sanctions to an active and direct U.S. effort to negotiate with Iran on the nuclear issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: May 26, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on the United States' relationship with Iran and how the Obama Administration is handling prior administration's economic sanctions against Iran. The Obama Administration's policy approach toward Iran has contrasted with the Bush Administration's by attempting to couple the imposition of sanctions to an active and direct U.S. effort to negotiate with Iran on the nuclear issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Transition in Tunisia

Political Transition in Tunisia

Date: February 10, 2015
Creator: Arieff, Alexis & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report discusses Tunisia's pro-democracy movement; concerns over potential instability in a previously secure, pro-Western area; and U.S.-Tunisian relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: July 12, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on the United States' relationship with Iran and how the Obama Administration is handling prior administrations' economic sanctions against Iran. However, with subsequent negotiations yielding no firm Iranian agreement to compromise regarding their nuclear program, the Administration has focused on achieving the imposition of additional U.N., U.S., and allied country sanctions whose cumulative effect would be to compel it to accept a nuclear bargain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Bea, Keith & Garrett, R. Sam
Description: This report discusses the current U.S.-Puerto Rico relationship, the history of said relationship, and the current political state of Puerto Rico, as well as relevant pieces of U.S. Congressional legislation concerning Puerto Rico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: The United States has led the international community in imposing economic sanctions on Iran, in an effort to change the government of that country's support of acts of international terrorism, poor human rights record, weapons and missile development and acquisition, role in regional instability, and development of a nuclear program. This report identifies the legislative bases for sanctions imposed on Iran, and the nature of the authority to waive or lift those restrictions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department