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 Country: Pakistan
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: July 28, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: This report discusses U.S. aid to Pakistan including an overview of current developments, a discussion of aid rendered before and after 9/11, the objectives of requesting aid during FY2012, and various issues that Congress needs to consider relating to this topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: October 4, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses the 112th Congress' measures to reduce the federal budget deficit and how this may influence congressional debate over the third-ranking U.S. aid recipient, Pakistan-a country vital to U.S. national security interests but that some say lacks accountability and even credibility.
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Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: April 10, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: The 112th Congress has been focused measures to reduce the federal budget deficit. This backdrop may influence congressional debate over the third-ranking U.S. aid recipient, Pakistan-a country vital to U.S. national security interests but that some say lacks accountability and even credibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: March 2, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: In a security alliance since 2004 and "strategic partners" since 2006, the United States and Pakistan for decades experienced major shifts in the nature and tone of their relations. In the post- 9/11 period, assisting in the creation of a more stable, democratic, and prosperous Pakistan actively combating religious militancy has been among the most important U.S. foreign policy efforts. Pakistan is among the leading recipients of U.S. aid in the post-9/11 period, having been appropriated about $24 billion in assistance and military reimbursements since 2001. FY2013 legislation in the 112th Congress would cut U.S. assistance funding significantly from both the levels requested by the Administration and from those Congress approved for FY2012. Provisions also would introduce more rigorous restrictions and certification requirements on such aid. With anti-American sentiments and xenophobic conspiracy theories rife among ordinary Pakistanis, persistent economic travails and a precarious political setting combine to present serious challenges to U.S. decision makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: May 30, 2008
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report summarizes important recent developments in Pakistan and in Pakistan-U.S. relations. These include high-profile political assassinations in early 2011; the Raymond Davis affair involving a CIA operative accused of murder in the city of Lahore; and the May killing of Osama bin Laden in the city of Abbottabad, among others. The report also summarizes key issues in the bilateral relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report summarizes important recent developments in Pakistan and in Pakistan-U.S. relations, including: high-profile political assassinations in early 2011; the Raymond Davis affair involving a CIA operative accused of murder in the city of Lahore; and the May killing of Osama bin Laden in the city of Abbottabad, among others. The report also summarizes key issues in the bilateral relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: October 13, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report provides background and analysis on Pakistan and discusses most recent developments, as well as Pakistan-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2006
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Pakistan relationship marked by periods of both cooperation and discord, which was transformed by the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States into the enlistment of Pakistan as a key ally in U.S.-led counterterrorism efforts. This report outlines key aspects of the U.S.-Pakistan relationship, as well as of Pakistan's economic conditions, political environment, handling of ongoing separatist violence, and nuclear nonproliferation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Date: May 16, 2011
Creator: Kronstadt, Alan K.
Description: This report summarizes important recent developments in Pakistan and in Pakistan-U.S. relations. These include high-profile political assassinations earlier in 2011, the Raymond Davis affair involving a CIA operative accused of murder in the city of Lahore, and the May killing of Osama bin Laden in the military cantonment city of Abbottabad, among others. Obama Administration engagement with Pakistan has been seriously disrupted by recent events. A brief analysis of the current state of Pakistan-U.S. relations illuminates the main areas of contention and uncertainty. Vital U.S. interests related to links between Pakistan and indigenous American terrorism, Islamist militancy in Pakistan and Islamabad's policies toward the Afghan insurgency, Pakistan's relations with historic rival India, nuclear weapons proliferation and security, and the troubled status of Pakistan's domestic setting are reviewed. Ongoing human rights concerns are briefly summarized, and the report closes with discussion of U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: A Summary

Date: May 16, 2011
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report summarizes important recent developments in Pakistan and in Pakistan-U.S. relations. These include high-profile political assassinations in early 2011; the Raymond Davis affair involving a CIA operative accused of murder in the city of Lahore; and the May killing of Osama bin Laden in the city of Abbottabad, among others. The report also summarizes key issues in the bilateral relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 14, 2015
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses key U.S. interests regarding Pakistan, especially as related to counterterrorism and U.S. foreign assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan’s 2008 Elections: Results and Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan’s 2008 Elections: Results and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: April 9, 2008
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report provides background information on social and political situation in Pakistan. The report discusses the political crisis, parliamentary elections, new civilian government in Pakistan and its implications for U.S. policy.
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Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: March 6, 2009
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. A.
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's capital crisis. In the autumn of 2008, Pakistan was in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The elected government of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani sought short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan."
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Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 7, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The elected government of President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
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Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Pakistan's Capital Crisis: Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: November 21, 2008
Creator: Martin, Michael F. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: Pakistan - a key U.S. ally in global efforts to combat Islamist militancy - is in urgent need of an estimated $4 billion in capital to avoid defaulting on its sovereign debt. The Pakistani government is seeking short-term financial assistance from a number of sources, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China, and an informal group of nations (including the United States) known as the "Friends of Pakistan." The current crisis has placed some strain on U.S.-Pakistan relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan’s Nuclear Proliferation Activities and the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission: U.S. Policy Constraints and Options

Pakistan’s Nuclear Proliferation Activities and the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission: U.S. Policy Constraints and Options

Date: May 24, 2005
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Kronstadt, K. Alan & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Proliferation Activities and the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission: U.S. Policy Constraints and Options

Pakistan's Nuclear Proliferation Activities and the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission: U.S. Policy Constraints and Options

Date: January 25, 2005
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Kronstadt, K. Alan & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: March 19, 2013
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear proliferation and security issues. It discusses the steps that could enable Pakistan to undertake both quantitative and qualitative improvements to its nuclear arsenal. Whether and to what extent Pakistan's current expansion of its nuclear weapons-related facilities is a response to the 2008 U.S.-India nuclear cooperation agreement is unclear.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Date: February 23, 2010
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms. The report addresses these issues as well, in addition to the U.S.-Pakistan relationship as it regards nuclear policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department