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 Country: Iraq
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade

Date: May 19, 2003
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Powers Litigation Initiated by Members of Congress Since the Enactment of the War Powers Resolution

War Powers Litigation Initiated by Members of Congress Since the Enactment of the War Powers Resolution

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report summarizes the eight cases initiated by Members of Congress in which final rulings were reached, which concerned U.S. military activities in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Grenada; military action taken during the Persian Gulf conflict between Iraq and Iran; U.S. activities in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait (prior to the congressional authorization); U.S. participation in NATO's action in Kosovo and Yugoslavia; and U.S. military action in Libya.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: September 29, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Iran's influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran's sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran's influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. U.S. officials say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iran’s influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq, which is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran’s sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran’s influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. Some U.S. statements and press sources say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. and allied military presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: This report discusses issues with the “oil-for-food” program (OFFP), which was the centerpiece of a long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the 1991 Gulf war-related sanctions regime. The program terminated following the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime, the assumption of sovereignty by an interim Iraqi government on June 28, 2004, and the lifting of Saddam-era U.N. sanctions. However, since the fall of the regime, there have been new allegations of mismanagement and abuse of the program, including allegations that Saddam Hussein’s regime manipulated the program to influence U.N. officials, contractors, and politicians and businessmen in numerous countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Economy: Past, Present, Future

Iraq's Economy: Past, Present, Future

Date: June 3, 2003
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report discusses the government of Iraq and its active role in stimulating and directing the Iraqi economy.This report identifies issues to be addressed before Iraq can participate normally in the world economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Rebuilding the Iraqi Media: Issues for Congress

Rebuilding the Iraqi Media: Issues for Congress

Date: December 3, 2003
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. efforts to rebuild Iraqi media after the fall of Saddam Hussein's rule.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Date: June 26, 2007
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report reviews policy proposals and interim contracts, analyzes the positions of various Iraqi political actors, and discusses potential implications for U.S. foreign policy goals in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement: Congressional Response

U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement: Congressional Response

Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report is divided into two main parts: the first describes in detail the actions taken by Congress concerning the planned Iraq Agreements, including legislative initiatives and congressional hearings; the second provides a range of options for further congressional action concerning Congress's role in negotiating, executing, and implementing the Iraq Agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: February 5, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: unknown
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: June 13, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: July 2, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: October 29, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: January 15, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, ethnic tension, and human rights in the wake of American withdrawal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: February 20, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights. Topics include the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: August 22, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights. Topics include the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Date: September 9, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the concerns for the Middle Eastern governments and the United States regarding the armed offensive of the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIL or ISIS) in northern and western Iraq and northeastern Syria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Date: September 9, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report briefly discusses different options available for confronting the Islamic State (IS, formerly known as ISIS or ISIL) with the use of military force. The examines the legal considerations relevant to each approach.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: July 21, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Iraq and discusses the U.S. response, Syria and Iran dimension, and addresses selected additional issues raised by this crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E. & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report discusses the problems facing Iraq as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS) gains power in the region. IS is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that has expanded its control over areas of northwestern Iraq and northeastern Syria since 2013, threatening the security of both countries and drawing increased attention from the international community. The Islamic State has thrived in the disaffected Sunni Muslim-inhabited areas of Iraq and in the remote provinces of Syria torn by the civil war. The Islamic State's tactics have drawn the ire of the international community, increasing U.S. attention on Iraq's political problems and on the civil war in Syria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: April 26, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses politics, governance, and human rights issues in Iraq. Relations among major political factions have worsened substantially since late 2011, threatening Iraq's stability and the perception of the achievements of the long U.S. intervention in Iraq. The report includes an overview of the history and current situation of the Iraqi government and human rights conditions as well as related U.S. actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Iraq: Politics, Elections, and Benchmarks

Date: July 1, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iraq's political system, which has been restructured through a U.S.-supported election process. The Iraqi government is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition rather than violence, but sectarianism and ethnic and factional infighting still remain. This report discusses issues relating to opponents of the Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and also discusses the atmosphere of nationwide provincial elections. The report also addresses the Obama Administration's plan to reduce the U.S. troop presence in Iraq by August 2010 and briefly addresses the Iranian influence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department