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 Country: Iraq
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: March 26, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights. Topics include the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Date: September 9, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report briefly discusses different options available for confronting the Islamic State (IS, formerly known as ISIS or ISIL) with the use of military force. The examines the legal considerations relevant to each approach.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.; Schwartz, Moshe & Nakamura, Kennon, H.
Description: This report summarizes what is currently known publicly about companies that provide personnel for security missions in Iraq and some sources of controversy surrounding them. A treatment of legal status and authorities follows, including an overview of relevant international law as well as Iraqi law, which currently consists primarily of Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) orders that remain in effect until superceded. The various possible means for prosecuting contractors under U.S. law in civilian or military courts are detailed, followed by a discussion of possible issues for Congress, including whether protective services are inherently governmental functions. The report also summarizes pertinent legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: July 21, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Iraq and discusses the U.S. response, Syria and Iran dimension, and addresses selected additional issues raised by this crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning the Prospective Security Agreement Between the United States and Iraq

Congressional Oversight and Related Issues Concerning the Prospective Security Agreement Between the United States and Iraq

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Mason, R. Chuck & Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report begins by discussing the current legal framework governing U.S. military operations in Iraq. The report then provides a general background as to the types of international agreements that are binding upon the United States, as well as considerations affecting whether they take the form of a treaty or an executive agreement. Next, the report discusses historical precedents as to the role that security agreements have taken, with specific attention paid to past agreements entered with Afghanistan, Germany, Japan, South Korea, and the Philippines. The report then discusses the oversight role that Congress plays with respect to entering and implementing international agreements involving the United States. Finally, the report describes legislation proposed in the 110th Congress to ensure congressional participation in the conclusion of a security agreement between the United States and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: February 20, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights. Topics include the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: October 22, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E. & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report discusses the problems facing Iraq as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS) gains power in the region. IS is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that has expanded its control over areas of northwestern Iraq and northeastern Syria since 2013, threatening the security of both countries and drawing increased attention from the international community. The Islamic State has thrived in the disaffected Sunni Muslim-inhabited areas of Iraq and in the remote provinces of Syria torn by the civil war. The Islamic State's tactics have drawn the ire of the international community, increasing U.S. attention on Iraq's political problems and on the civil war in Syria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: April 26, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses politics, governance, and human rights issues in Iraq. Relations among major political factions have worsened substantially since late 2011, threatening Iraq's stability and the perception of the achievements of the long U.S. intervention in Iraq. The report includes an overview of the history and current situation of the Iraqi government and human rights conditions as well as related U.S. actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: September 15, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the state of Iraqi politics, governance, and human rights, including the worsening relations between local Sunni and Shiite populations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report analyzes the offensive in northern and central Iraq led by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, aka ISIS) -- a Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group -- with a discussion of the offensive's implications, the U.S. response, and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department