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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: May 28, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Report that discusses the effects of economic sanctions against Iran, support to the Iranian democracy movement, and opposition against Iranian human rights violations and Iranian support for Syrian human rights violations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: July 31, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom: Background and Relations with the United States

The United Kingdom: Background and Relations with the United States

Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S.-UK relationship, concerns about UK defense cuts and their potential effect on future security cooperation and assessment of some of the main dimensions of these topics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey—a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally—have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed. Turkey's economic dynamism and geopolitical importance—it straddles Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia and now has the world's 16th-largest economy—have increased its influence regionally and globally.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Congress has an active role to play in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey, and several Turkish domestic and foreign policy issues have significant relevance for U.S. interests. This report provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration. U.S. relations with Turkey-a longtime North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ally-have evolved over time as global challenges to U.S. interests have changed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Relations: Policy Issues

U.S.-China Relations: Policy Issues

Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Lawrence, Susan V. & Lum, Thomas
Description: This report examines the political and economic relationship between the United States and China. The first part provides an overview of U.S.-China relations and the Obama Administration policy toward China. A summary of major policy issues follows, including security issues and Taiwan, economic issues, climate change and clean energy cooperation, and human rights. The report includes five appendices. Appendix A provides a chronology of meetings between the U.S. and Chinese presidents and information about select bilateral dialogues. Appendix B analyzes the Joint Statement issued during President Hu’s January 2011 state visit. Appendix C lists congressionally mandated annual reports related to China. Appendices D and E list China-related legislation introduced in the 112th and 111th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: Report that provides background information on Turkey and discusses possible policy options for Members of Congress and the Obama Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges

Turkey-U.S. Defense Cooperation: Prospects and Challenges

Date: April 8, 2011
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: The United States enjoys a strong legacy of defense cooperation with Turkey, both bilaterally and in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), dating from the onset of the Cold War. For both countries, mutual cooperation has major implications for national security priorities in Turkey's surrounding region-particularly the greater Middle East. A more independent Turkish foreign policy course-reflected in recent international events involving Iran, Israel, and other countries-has raised concerns among some Members of Congress. This, coupled with a decline of the military's influence in Turkish society, may affect prospects and present challenges for bilateral and NATO defense cooperation, while also generating ongoing debate over which country needs the other more to pursue and achieve its national security objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: In a security alliance since 2004 and "strategic partners" since 2006, the United States and Pakistan for decades experienced major shifts in the nature and tone of their relations. In the post- 9/11 period, assisting in the creation of a more stable, democratic, and prosperous Pakistan actively combating religious militancy has been among the most important U.S. foreign policy efforts. Pakistan is among the leading recipients of U.S. aid in the post-9/11 period, having been appropriated about $24 billion in assistance and military reimbursements since 2001. FY2013 legislation in the 112th Congress would cut U.S. assistance funding significantly from both the levels requested by the Administration and from those Congress approved for FY2012. Provisions also would introduce more rigorous restrictions and certification requirements on such aid. With anti-American sentiments and xenophobic conspiracy theories rife among ordinary Pakistanis, persistent economic travails and a precarious political setting combine to present serious challenges to U.S. decision makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: January 5, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: December 15, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy

Russian Military Reform and Defense Policy

Date: August 24, 2011
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report looks at the Russia's revamping of the armed forces that it inherited from the Soviet Union. It discusses the revamping process as well as the new armed forces' relationship with the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications

Russia's December 2011 Legislative Election: Outcome and Implications

Date: December 13, 2011
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the December 2011 elections in Russia, including background information, the campaign, results and assessments of the election, implications for Russia and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, and implications for U.S. interests. Congress may consider the implications of another Putin presidency, lagging democratization, and human rights abuses in Russia as it debates possible future foreign assistance and trade legislation and other aspects of U.S.-Russia relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia's March 2012 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications

Russia's March 2012 Presidential Election: Outcome and Implications

Date: March 14, 2012
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: Challenges to Russia's democratic development have long been of concern to Congress as it has considered the course of U.S.-Russia cooperation. Some in Congress have criticized the conduct of the election, but have endorsed continued engagement, while others have called for stepping back and reevaluating the Obama Administration's engagement policy which assists in solving mutual strategic concerns. Congress may consider the implications of another Putin presidency, lagging democratization, and human rights abuses in Russia as it debates possible future foreign assistance and trade legislation and other aspects of U.S.-Russia relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the United States' relationship with India as it regards nuclear nonproliferation and cooperation. It particularly looks at agreements made between the Bush administration and India, and the Obama administration's continuation of these policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

Date: July 21, 2011
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the United States' relationship with India as it regards nuclear nonproliferation and cooperation. It particularly looks at agreements made between the Bush administration and India, and the Obama administrations continuation of these policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

U.S. Nuclear Cooperation with India: Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses the United States' relationship with India as it regards nuclear nonproliferation and cooperation. It particularly looks at agreements made between the Bush administration and India, and the Obama administration's continuation of these policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

Date: September 11, 2013
Creator: Kan, Shirley A. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report is a succinct overview of the U.S.-Taiwan relationship including an analysis of issues. For decades, Taiwan has been of significant security, economic, and political interest to the United States. While the United States does not diplomatically recognize Taiwan, it is a significant autonomous actor in the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

Date: October 10, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report is a succinct overview of the U.S.-Taiwan relationship including an analysis of issues. For decades, Taiwan has been of significant security, economic, and political interest to the United States. While the United States does not diplomatically recognize Taiwan, it is a significant autonomous actor in the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report is a succinct overview of the U.S.-Taiwan relationship including an analysis of issues.For decades, Taiwan has been of significant security, economic, and political interest to the United States. While the United States does not diplomatically recognize Taiwan, it is a significant autonomous actor in the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress

U.S.-China Military Contacts: Issues for Congress

Date: October 25, 2012
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: Report that discusses policy issues regarding military-to-military contacts with the People's Republic of China (PRC) and provides a record of major contacts and crises since 1993.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

U.S.-Japan Economic Relations: Significance, Prospects, and Policy Options

Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: Japan and the United States are the two largest economic powers. Together they account for over 30% of world domestic product, for a significant portion of international trade in goods and services, and for a major portion of international investment. This economic clout makes the United States and Japan potentially powerful actors in the world economy. Economic conditions in the United States and Japan have a significant impact on the rest of the world. Furthermore, the U.S.-Japan bilateral economic relationship can influence economic conditions in other countries. More generally, other issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations may emerge on the agenda of the 112th Congress. U.S. and Japanese leaders have several options on how to manage their relationship, including stronger reliance on the World Trade Organization; special bilateral negotiating frameworks and agreements; or a free trade agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: October 19, 2012
Creator: Williams, Brock R. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status, trends, and forecasts for U.S. import and export flows as well as certain trade balances. The purpose of this report is to provide current data and brief explanations for the various types of trade flows, along with a brief discussion of trends that help inform the discussion of the various policy issues mentioned above.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department