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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: November 29, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: July 20, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: May 5, 2004
Creator: Armanios, Febe
Description: The issue of women’s rights in Iraq has taken on new relevance, following the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, efforts to reconstruct Iraq, and recent elections for a Transitional National Assembly (TNA). Over the past three years, the Bush Administration has reiterated its interest in ensuring that Iraqi women participate in politics and ongoing reconstruction efforts in Iraq. There has also been a widening debate regarding the extent to which the U.S.-led reconstruction efforts have been able to enhance women’s rights in Iraq and encourage their participation in Iraq’s governing institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992. Focusing on tensions in the political and legislative system, it delineates congressional achievements — chief of which was the Freedom Support Act. The legislation that was ultimately produced became the basis on which future debate would be conducted regarding how the United States could continue to influence events in the former Soviet Union and assist its transition to an open market economy and democratic institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Kazakhstan: Current Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the relationship between the U.S. and Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is becoming an important power in Central Asia by virtue of its large territory, ample natural resources, and strategic location. However, it faces political, ethnic, economic, and environmental challenges to its stability and integrity. After the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, Kazakhstan granted overflight rights for U.S.-led coalition actions in Afghanistan, and in 2003 provided some troops for post-conflict rebuilding in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement

European Union Enlargement

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: On May 1, 2004, 10 states joined the European Union (EU), enlarging the Union to 25 members. The EU views the enlargement process as an historic opportunity to promote stability in Europe and further the integration of the continent by peaceful means. In addition to the 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia), three other states — Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia — hope to accede to the EU by 2007. Turkey is also a candidate and is expected to begin accession negotiations in 2005. Macedonia has also applied for EU membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and U.S. Policy

Kosovo and U.S. Policy

Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Woehrel, Steven & Kim, Julie
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Kosovo, which, on February 7, 2008, declared its independence from Serbia. Since then, Serbia has contested Kosovo's declaration of independence, leading to parallel governing institutions and ongoing talks between the two nations. This report discusses challenges Kosovo faces regarding international recognition and the status of its ethnic minorities. This report also discusses Kosovo's relationship with the United States, and U.S. foreign aid efforts to Kosovo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Baltic States: U.S. Policy Concerns

The Baltic States: U.S. Policy Concerns

Date: August 13, 2004
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the political and economic situations on Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia (commonly collectively referred to as the Baltic states), their foreign policies, and U.S. policy toward them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

North Korea's Nuclear Weapons Program

Date: September 28, 2004
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 28, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 25, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States

Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States

Date: July 8, 2004
Creator: Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: May 13, 2004
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report examines Turkmenistan's halting economic and political reforms under the authoritarian leadership of President Saparmurad Niyazov. It discusses U.S. policy and assistance, including support for grassroots democratization and advocacy for human rights, and provides basic facts and biographical information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinians and Middle East Peace:  Issues for the United States

Palestinians and Middle East Peace: Issues for the United States

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: November 29, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the political state of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which under new leadership upon the November 2, 2004 death of its president, Shaykh Zayid bin Sultan al-Nuhayyan, has undergone a smooth transition, but it remains weak militarily and surrounded by several powerful and ambitious neighbors. Political reform has been minimal, but its relatively open economy and borders, particularly in the emirate of Dubai, have caused problems in proliferation, terrorism, and human trafficking. The United States has announced it will open negotiations with UAE on a free trade agreement (FTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department