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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2004
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

U.S.-European Union Trade Relations: Issues and Policy Challenges

Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Enlargement

European Union Enlargement

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: On May 1, 2004, 10 states joined the European Union (EU), enlarging the Union to 25 members. The EU views the enlargement process as an historic opportunity to promote stability in Europe and further the integration of the continent by peaceful means. In addition to the 10 new members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia), three other states — Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia — hope to accede to the EU by 2007. Turkey is also a candidate and is expected to begin accession negotiations in 2005. Macedonia has also applied for EU membership.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides background information regarding political violence and the peace process in Northern Ireland. It includes further information about the devolved government and recurrent crises (1999-2002, 2003-2007 and 2008-2010), implementation of police reforms, recent events and ongoing challenges, relevant U.S. policy, and recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United States and Europe: Possible Options for U.S. Policy

The United States and Europe: Possible Options for U.S. Policy

Date: December 28, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO and the European Union

NATO and the European Union

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Gallis, Paul E.
Description: Report which discusses issues related to the North Atlantic Trade Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) including the level of involvement of the entities in using political and military actions to defend against terrorism and proliferation, the types of military forces necessary, the role of the EU in crisis management, the appropriateness of decision-making procedures to respond to emerging threats, and the role of other international institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: May 5, 2004
Creator: Armanios, Febe
Description: The issue of women’s rights in Iraq has taken on new relevance, following the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, efforts to reconstruct Iraq, and recent elections for a Transitional National Assembly (TNA). Over the past three years, the Bush Administration has reiterated its interest in ensuring that Iraqi women participate in politics and ongoing reconstruction efforts in Iraq. There has also been a widening debate regarding the extent to which the U.S.-led reconstruction efforts have been able to enhance women’s rights in Iraq and encourage their participation in Iraq’s governing institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report describes the structure and development of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan and explores its relevance to Afghan, U.S., and international security interests, including the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the United States make a long term commitment to the stability and security of Afghanistan. The report provides current statistical information on the opium trade, profiles its various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews the U.S. and international policy response since late 2001. The report also considers current policy debates regarding the role of the U.S. military in future counternarcotics operations in Afghanistan; planned opium poppy eradication; and funding issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Cronin, Richard P; Cooper, William H; Manyin, Mark E & Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur

Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the crisis in Darfur, which began in February 2003, when two rebel groups emerged to challenge the National Islamic Front (NIF) government in DarfurThe report describes the mechanisms used to cleanse the area of non-Arabs by “total disengagement of administration and suspension of all government services.”
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 27, 2004
Creator: Dagne, Theodore S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues for the 108th Congress

China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide background for and summarize current developments in U.S. - People’s Republic of China (PRC) relations, including current and pending congressional actions involving the PRC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices

Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices

Date: December 15, 2004
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Date: May 28, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report summarizes what is currently known publicly about companies that provide personnel for security missions in Iraq and some sources of controversy surrounding them. The report also summarizes pertinent legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The NATO Summit at Istanbul, 2004

The NATO Summit at Istanbul, 2004

Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russia

Russia

Date: November 18, 2004
Creator: Goldman, Stuart D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

The U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA): Challenges for Sub-Regional Integration

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity

Homeland Security: Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity

Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Date: April 16, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy - Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy - Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: In Part I, this CRS report discusses the policy on “one China” since the United States began in 1971 to reach understandings with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government in Beijing. Part II documents the evolution of the “one China” principle as articulated in key statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. The U.S. policy on “one China” has evolved to cover three issues: sovereignty, peaceful resolution, and cross-strait dialogue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Counter-Terrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

U.S.-China Counter-Terrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: December 7, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: December 28, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 25, 2004
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The United States and its allies are helping Afghanistan emerging from more than 22 years of warfare, although substantial risk to Afghan stability remains. Before the U.S. military campaign against the orthodox Islamist Taliban movement began on October 7, 2001, Afghanistan had been mired in conflict since the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. The defeat of the Taliban has enabled the United States and its coalition partners to send forces throughout Afghanistan to search for Taliban and Al Qaeda fighters and leaders that remain at large, including Osama bin Laden. As the war against remaining Al Qaeda and Taliban elements winds down, the United States is shifting its military focus toward stabilizing the interim government, including training a new Afghan national army, and supporting the international security force (ISAF) that is helping the new government provide security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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