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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Nonmarket Economies: A Legal Overview

U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Nonmarket Economies: A Legal Overview

Date: March 9, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: Two major U.S. trade remedies are antidumping (AD) law, which combats the sale of imported products at less than their fair market value, and countervailing duty (CVD) law, which aims to offset foreign government subsidization of imported goods. This report discusses these two law's impact on U.S. foreign relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: May 10, 2012
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation, foreign policy towards NATO, European Union and Russia. It also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, congressional response and other legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report offers background information on Ukraine's current political and economic situation, foreign policy towards NATO, European Union and Russia. It also discusses U.S. policy, U.S. aid to Ukraine, congressional response and other legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Turkmenistan: Recent Developments and U.S. Interests

Date: August 17, 2012
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the political, social and economic situation of Turkmenistan in the years following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: April 26, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 4, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon:

Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon:

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Vieux, Anthony
Description: None
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Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: The State Department's new Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) is intended to address longstanding concerns, both within Congress and the broader foreign policy community, over the perceived lack of the appropriate capabilities and processes to deal with transitions from conflict to sustainable stability. Effectively distributing resources among the various executive branch actors, maintaining clear lines of authority and jurisdiction, and balancing short- and long-term objectives are major challenges for designing, planning, and conducting post-conflict operations. This report outlines the functions of S/CRS, as well as funding of S/CRS and relevant legislation.
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Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M & Weiss, Martin A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M & Weiss, Martin A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report provides an introduction to German foreign and security policy. The report discusses the foundations of German foreign policy, Germany in the European Union (EU), evolving security and defense policy, and transatalantic implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report provides an introduction to German foreign and security policy. The report discusses the foundations of German foreign policy, Germany in the European Union (EU), evolving security and defense policy, and transatalantic implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 29, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of human trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean, including U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as the successes and failures of some recent country and regional antitrafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 113th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: September 29, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Iran's influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran's sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran's influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. U.S. officials say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Date: November 29, 2000
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the “oil-for-food” program which represents a longstanding U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining pressure on the Iraqi government to comply with all relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iran’s influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq, which is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran’s sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran’s influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. Some U.S. statements and press sources say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. and allied military presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: This report discusses issues with the “oil-for-food” program (OFFP), which was the centerpiece of a long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the 1991 Gulf war-related sanctions regime. The program terminated following the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime, the assumption of sovereignty by an interim Iraqi government on June 28, 2004, and the lifting of Saddam-era U.N. sanctions. However, since the fall of the regime, there have been new allegations of mismanagement and abuse of the program, including allegations that Saddam Hussein’s regime manipulated the program to influence U.N. officials, contractors, and politicians and businessmen in numerous countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 11, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Account

Millennium Challenge Account

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses a proposal for a major new U.S. foreign aid initiative. The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. If fully implemented, the initiative would represent one of the largest increases in foreign aid spending in half a century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy and provides policy options for reform. Despite changing global conditions and challenges, U.S. foreign aid programs (including their organizational structure and their statutory underpinnings) still reflect the Cold War environment in which they originated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

Date: June 12, 2008
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report provides an overview and review of legislative activity related to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). It also includes a detailed side-by-side comparison of the proposals to address FISA concerns: Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P
Description: This report discusses the proposed constitutional amendments for filling House vacancies if a significant number ofMembers were unable to serve due to a national emergency in case of nuclear, biological, chemical attack.
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Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Date: September 28, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report briefly describes legislative efforts to modify U.S. policy with respect to Jerusalem, in particular multiple enactments of the passport provision. The report then summarizes the Supreme Court decision, including concurrences and dissents. Finally, the report concludes by suggesting possible implications of the decision with respect to Congress's authority to influence foreign affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

Date: October 16, 2015
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines U.S. humanitarian assistance in international crises and disaster situations. It considers the sources and types of U.S. government aid, the response mechanisms of key U.S. agencies and departments, and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department