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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Peacekeeping and Conflict Transitions: Background and Congressional Action on Civilian Capabilities

Date: September 18, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M & Weiss, Martin A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

Date: July 21, 2008
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report provides an introduction to German foreign and security policy. The report discusses the foundations of German foreign policy, Germany in the European Union (EU), evolving security and defense policy, and transatalantic implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

German Foreign and Security Policy: Trends and Transatlantic Implications

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report provides an introduction to German foreign and security policy. The report discusses the foundations of German foreign policy, Germany in the European Union (EU), evolving security and defense policy, and transatalantic implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 29, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of human trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean, including U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as the successes and failures of some recent country and regional antitrafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 113th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: September 29, 2006
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Iran's influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran's sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran's influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. U.S. officials say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Date: November 29, 2000
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the “oil-for-food” program which represents a longstanding U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining pressure on the Iraqi government to comply with all relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Influence in Iraq

Iran's Influence in Iraq

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses Iran’s influence over the post-Saddam government in Iraq, which is substantial because the predominant parties in that government have long enjoyed Tehran’s sponsorship. An emerging concern is that Iran’s influence has extended to support for militant groups in Iraq. Some U.S. statements and press sources say that sophisticated explosive devices are entering Iraq from Iran, suggesting that Iran, or factions within Iran, are backing Iraqi factions that use violence to oppose the U.S. and allied military presence in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, Illicit Trade, and Investigations

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: This report discusses issues with the “oil-for-food” program (OFFP), which was the centerpiece of a long-standing U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining key elements of the 1991 Gulf war-related sanctions regime. The program terminated following the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime, the assumption of sovereignty by an interim Iraqi government on June 28, 2004, and the lifting of Saddam-era U.N. sanctions. However, since the fall of the regime, there have been new allegations of mismanagement and abuse of the program, including allegations that Saddam Hussein’s regime manipulated the program to influence U.N. officials, contractors, and politicians and businessmen in numerous countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 11, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Account

Millennium Challenge Account

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses a proposal for a major new U.S. foreign aid initiative. The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. If fully implemented, the initiative would represent one of the largest increases in foreign aid spending in half a century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy and provides policy options for reform. Despite changing global conditions and challenges, U.S. foreign aid programs (including their organizational structure and their statutory underpinnings) still reflect the Cold War environment in which they originated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

Date: June 12, 2008
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report provides an overview and review of legislative activity related to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). It also includes a detailed side-by-side comparison of the proposals to address FISA concerns: Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P
Description: This report discusses the proposed constitutional amendments for filling House vacancies if a significant number ofMembers were unable to serve due to a national emergency in case of nuclear, biological, chemical attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Date: September 28, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report briefly describes legislative efforts to modify U.S. policy with respect to Jerusalem, in particular multiple enactments of the passport provision. The report then summarizes the Supreme Court decision, including concurrences and dissents. Finally, the report concludes by suggesting possible implications of the decision with respect to Congress's authority to influence foreign affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

Date: October 16, 2015
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines U.S. humanitarian assistance in international crises and disaster situations. It considers the sources and types of U.S. government aid, the response mechanisms of key U.S. agencies and departments, and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report provides an introduction to U.S. Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ). The report discusses the details of the Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) proposal, the potential winners and losers under the TAP proposal, economic studies on the TAP proposal, and policy analysis on the TAP proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Shib'a Farms Dispute and Its Implications

The Shib'a Farms Dispute and Its Implications

Date: August 7, 2001
Creator: Prados, Alfred B
Description: This report discusses the Shib’a Farms area, which remains a source of tension and potential risk. This is a roughly 10 square mile enclave at the southern edge of the Lebanese-Syrian border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan-U.S. Relations: Recent Developments and Their Policy Implications

Taiwan-U.S. Relations: Recent Developments and Their Policy Implications

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report focuses on current developments in Taiwan, analyzing how those developments are affecting choices the United States makes about its policy toward Taiwan specifically and toward the People's Republic of China (PRC) more broadly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine, two years after the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych. Following the collapse, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom: Issues for the United States

The United Kingdom: Issues for the United States

Date: February 28, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report assesses the current state of U.S.-UK relations. It examines the pressures confronting London as it attempts to balance its interests between the United States and the EU, and the prospects for the future of the U.S.-UK partnership, especially in the unfolding Brown era. It also describes UK views on political, security, and economic issues of particular importance to the United States, and their implications for U.S. policy that may be of interest in the second session of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Kosovo's Future Status and U.S. Policy

Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report discusses the issue of Kosovo's future status; that is, whether it should become an independent country, or have some form of autonomy within Serbia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-South Korea Relations

U.S.-South Korea Relations

Date: May 15, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: This report discusses relations between the United States and South Korea (known officially as the Republic of Korea, or ROK), which have been arguably at their best state in decades. In the Obama Administration, South Korea had emerged as the United States’ closest ally in East Asia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department