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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). The Coast Guard's proposed FY2017 budget requests a total of $467 million in acquisition funding for the three programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Outward signs of the uprising against Bahrain's Al Khalifa ruling family that began on February 14, 2011, have diminished, but continued smaller demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and incarceration of dissident leaders counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
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Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: Assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report discusses a number of issues relating to U.S. aid to the Palestinians that have relevance for Congress. Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed more than $5 billion in bilateral economic and non-lethal security assistance to the Palestinians.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
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The March 2016 Nuclear Security Summit

The March 2016 Nuclear Security Summit

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS), a biennial summit which aims to focus global attention at the highest level of government on the threat of nuclear terrorism.
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Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Nigeria: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: March 11, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren & Husted, Tomas F.
Description: This report discusses Nigeria's relationship with the U.S. The Obama Administration has been supportive of reform initiatives in Nigeria, including anti-corruption efforts, economic and electoral reforms, energy sector privatization, and programs to promote peace and development in the Niger Delta. Congress oversees more than $600 million in U.S. foreign aid programs in Nigeria--one of the largest U.S. bilateral assistance packages in Africa.
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Iraq: Politics and Governance

Iraq: Politics and Governance

Date: March 9, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background and analysis on the politics of Iraq, including its communities, its governing personalities and factions, security forces and militias, and the government's human rights record.
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Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau's State Visit, March 2016

Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau's State Visit, March 2016

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report briefly discusses Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's scheduled visit to the United States on March,10 2016. It will be the first state visit by a Canadian leader since 1997, when then-President Clinton hosted then-Prime Minister Jean Chr├ętien.
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Poland and Its Relations with the United States

Poland and Its Relations with the United States

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: Given its role as a close U.S. ally and partner, developments in Poland and its relations with the United States are of continuing interest to the U.S. Congress. This report provides an overview and assessment of some of the main dimensions of these topics.
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Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses current political and security dynamics in Libya following the fall of Muammar al Qadhafi in 2011. As of early 2016, a United Nations-facilitated agreement to form a Government of National Accord (GNA) remains under consideration by Libyan factions.
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Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Egypt: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the key issues for Congress related to Egypt and U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. The United States has provided significant military and economic assistance to Egypt since the late 1970s. U.S. policymakers are now debating complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations, and these debates and events in Egypt are shaping consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 114th Congress.
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Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2017

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2017

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Epstein, Susan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
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Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine, two years after the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych. Following the collapse, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
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FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
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Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report looks at Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
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Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State.
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Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
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Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Date: February 12, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report discusses Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad's expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called "full spectrum deterrence" have led to concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India.
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Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Brazil: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 11, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the current political and economic situation in Brazil and examines the U.S.'s commercial relationship with the country. The United States traditionally has enjoyed robust economic and political relations with Brazil on issues ranging from international development to climate change.
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The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discussing its goals, operations, and affiliates, as well as analyzing related U.S. legislative and policy debates.
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The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report briefly summarizes some of the key controversial issues of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), including select market access issues (such as on dairy and other agricultural products, autos, and textiles and apparel) as well as the level of intellectual property protection, the scope and enforcement of environment and worker rights provisions, investor-state dispute settlement, access to government procurement, and the potential inclusion of provisions on currency valuation and exchange rates. The TPP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among 12 Asia-Pacific countries, which the Obama Administration casts as comprehensive, with economic and strategic significance for the United States.
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The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report provides an overview of the New Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START). The Obama Administration and outside analysts argue that New START strengthens strategic stability and enhances U.S. national security. Critics, however, question whether the treaty serves U.S. national security interests.
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Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran.
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