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 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Date: March 7, 2013
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: A brief listing of major arms sales and grants made to Pakistan since 2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Major U.S. Arms Sales and Grants to Pakistan Since 2001

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: A brief listing of major arms sales and grants made to Pakistan since 2001.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Science, Technology, and American Diplomacy: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Stine, Deborah D.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. international S&T policy; describes the role of the Department of State (DOS), the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other federal agencies; and discusses possible policy options for Congress. It focuses on international science and technology diplomacy, where American leadership in science and technology is used as a diplomatic tool to enhance another country's development and to improve understanding by other nations of U.S. values and ways of doing business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO: Response to the Crisis in Ukraine and Security Concerns in Central and Eastern Europe

NATO: Response to the Crisis in Ukraine and Security Concerns in Central and Eastern Europe

Date: July 31, 2014
Creator: Belkin, Paul; Mix, Derek E. & Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report addresses the NATO and U.S. military response to the crisis in Ukraine. It does not discuss political, economic, or energy policy responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2013 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2013 Budget and Appropriations

Date: April 2, 2013
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the FY2014 State Department, Foreign Operations and Related Programs funding request, as well as top-line analysis of pending House and Senate State-Foreign Operations appropriations proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2014

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2014

Date: April 11, 2013
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks

Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report presents a history and analysis of the requested and actual funding for diplomatic/embassy security since FY2008--what actually became available for the Department of State to spend after rescissions, sequestration, and transfers. It also provides funding data that was requested by the Administration, passed by the House of Representatives, passed by the Senate, and enacted by Congress for the two accounts that provide the bulk of the funding: the Worldwide Security Protection (WSP) and Worldwide Security Upgrades (WSU).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Epstein, Susan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2015 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2015 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publicly available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress

Date: March 20, 2015
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report examines the issues related to the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the state and substance of the negotiations (to the degree that the information is publicly available), the specific areas under negotiation, the policy and economic contexts in which the TPP would fit, and the issues for Congress that the TPP presents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gangs in Central America

Gangs in Central America

Date: January 11, 2010
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country and regional approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Attack Against the U.S. Ambassador to South Korea

The Attack Against the U.S. Ambassador to South Korea

Date: March 10, 2015
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report briefly discusses the March 5 knife attack on U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Mark Lippert.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

U.S. Public Diplomacy: Background and Current Issues

Date: December 18, 2009
Creator: Nakamura, Kennon H. & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses background information on U.S. public diplomacy, the current structure of public diplomacy within the Department of State as well as its budget and personnel levels, overview of some of the major related policy issues, and proposed legislation intended to reform and improve U.S. public diplomacy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: The 112th Congress faces several budget and appropriations decisions that may affect implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

America COMPETES 2010 and the FY2013 Budget

Date: October 9, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses the 112th Congress' possible changes to the implementation of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010. Signed on January 4, 2011, this law seeks to improve U.S. competitiveness and innovation by authorizing, among other things, increased federal support for research in the physical sciences and engineering; and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. The specific debate about FY2013 funding for America COMPETES 2010 provisions will occur within the broader context of the national conversation about U.S. competitiveness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

America COMPETES Acts: FY2008-FY2013 Funding Tables

Date: October 16, 2012
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report tracks historical federal funding associated with the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science (COMEPETES) Reauthorization Act of 2010, which are set to expire in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Date: January 23, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Dale, Catherine & Towell, Pat
Description: This report draws on over three dozen studies with recommendations to improve the current national security system. The studies surveyed include three prepared by the Project on National Security Reform, with comprehensive recommendations, four prepared or co-sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and two by RAND in conjunction with the American Academy of Diplomats, as well as reports by the Council on Foreign Relations, the Defense Science Board, the National Defense University, and others. This report draws from these studies, as well as a few articles, for recommendations to improve strategy-making, planning, and budgeting; to improve institutional authorities, structures and arrangements; and, to create interagency personnel policies and mechanisms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Brief: Clarifying the Concept of "Partnership" in National Security

In Brief: Clarifying the Concept of "Partnership" in National Security

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: Over the last few years, the term "partnership" has spread like wildfire through official U.S. national security guidance documents and rhetoric. At the Department of Defense (DOD), which spearheaded the proliferation of the term, "partnership" has been used to refer to a broad array of civilian as well as military activities in support of national security.1 At other U.S. government agencies, and at the White House, the use of the term "partnership" has been echoed and applied even more broadly-not only in the national security arena, but also to all facets of U.S. relationships with foreign partners. "Partnership" is not new in either theory or practice. A lack of sufficient strategic direction regarding the use of the term could raise a series of potential concerns for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Date: October 26, 2012
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Report containing information regarding foreign direct investments, including the foreign acquisition of American firms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2014 Budget and Appropriations

Date: August 22, 2013
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Tiersky, Alex & Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the FY2014 State Department, Foreign Operations and Related Programs funding request, as well as top-line analysis of pending House and Senate State-Foreign Operations appropriations proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America Competes 2010: FY2012 Funding and FY2008-FY2011 Funding Summary

America Competes 2010: FY2012 Funding and FY2008-FY2011 Funding Summary

Date: July 8, 2011
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B.
Description: This report discusses how funding affects the America COMPETES program, and subsequently U.S. interests in R&D in STEM disciplines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination

Foreign Aid Reform: Agency Coordination

Date: August 7, 2009
Creator: Lawson, Marian L. & Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses the many agencies involved with U.S. foreign assistance, the mechanisms currently in place to coordinate foreign aid programs, particularly those related to development assistance, and agency coordination issues that Congress may consider as part of foreign assistance reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: July 22, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This report focuses on the $59.65 billion requested for programs and activities funded through the State-Foreign Operations appropriations bill, which excludes some portions of the International Affairs request such as certain commissions and foreign food aid requested as part of other budget functions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department