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 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: April 26, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 4, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program

Date: November 29, 2000
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the “oil-for-food” program which represents a longstanding U.N. Security Council effort to alleviate human suffering in Iraq while maintaining pressure on the Iraqi government to comply with all relevant U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 11, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report focuses on funding for threat reduction and nonproliferation programs in the states of the former Soviet Union. Although the United States has expanded its efforts to programs that seek to assist other nations in securing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons materials, the overwhelming majority of U.S. funds still support programs in the former Soviet states. Nevertheless, because U.S. funding and focus has shifted in recent years, this report provides only a partial view of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Account

Millennium Challenge Account

Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses a proposal for a major new U.S. foreign aid initiative. The Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. If fully implemented, the initiative would represent one of the largest increases in foreign aid spending in half a century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Foreign Aid Reform: Issues for Congress and Policy Options

Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the role of foreign assistance as a tool of foreign policy and provides policy options for reform. Despite changing global conditions and challenges, U.S. foreign aid programs (including their organizational structure and their statutory underpinnings) still reflect the Cold War environment in which they originated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Comparison of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773

Date: June 12, 2008
Creator: Bazan, Elizabeth B.
Description: This report provides an overview and review of legislative activity related to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). It also includes a detailed side-by-side comparison of the proposals to address FISA concerns: Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773 and the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3773.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

House Vacancies: Proposed Constitutional Amendments for Filling Them Due to National Emergencies

Date: August 12, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P
Description: This report discusses the proposed constitutional amendments for filling House vacancies if a significant number ofMembers were unable to serve due to a national emergency in case of nuclear, biological, chemical attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Zivotofsky v. Kerry: The Jerusalem Passport Case and Its Potential Implications for Congress's Foreign Affairs Powers

Date: September 28, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report briefly describes legislative efforts to modify U.S. policy with respect to Jerusalem, in particular multiple enactments of the passport provision. The report then summarizes the Supreme Court decision, including concurrences and dissents. Finally, the report concludes by suggesting possible implications of the decision with respect to Congress's authority to influence foreign affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

International Crises and Disasters: U.S. Humanitarian Assistance Response Mechanisms

Date: October 16, 2015
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines U.S. humanitarian assistance in international crises and disaster situations. It considers the sources and types of U.S. government aid, the response mechanisms of key U.S. agencies and departments, and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones: Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) Proposal

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report provides an introduction to U.S. Foreign Trade Zones (FTZ). The report discusses the details of the Trade Agreement Parity (TAP) proposal, the potential winners and losers under the TAP proposal, economic studies on the TAP proposal, and policy analysis on the TAP proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine, two years after the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych. Following the collapse, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Additional U.S. Ground Troops to Counter the Islamic State? Five Questions

Date: February 17, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report briefly discusses various arguments regarding the introduction of additional ground forces to secure territory once it has been taken back from the Islamic State.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe

Date: September 26, 2008
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides background on events leading up to and surrounding Zimbabwe's most recent elections, in March and June 2008.
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Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 24, 2006
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report provides background and analysis on Sudan, and discusses the humanitarian crises, peace talks, terrorism and U.S. policy towards Sudan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: January 7, 2008
Creator: Gallis, Paul
Description: This report discusses the mission of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Afghanistan, the purpose of which is to stabilize and reconstruct Afghanistan by combating emerging threats such as terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This report also discusses how the Obama Administration has made the Afghanistan conflict a policy priority, and what this stance could mean for potential future endeavors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising several issues for policy consideration that may be helpful as the 109th Congress continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Security Assistance and Cooperation: Shared Responsibility of the Departments of State and Defense

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance to and engagement with foreign military and other security forces, focusing on Department of State and DOD roles. It lays out the historical evolution and current framework of the Department of State-DOD shared responsibility. It concludes with a brief overview of salient issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. Following the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The March 2016 Nuclear Security Summit

The March 2016 Nuclear Security Summit

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS), a biennial summit which aims to focus global attention at the highest level of government on the threat of nuclear terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Shuey, Robert D.
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
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U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement: Congressional Response

U.S.-Iraq Strategic Framework and Status of Forces Agreement: Congressional Response

Date: July 11, 2008
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report is divided into two main parts: the first describes in detail the actions taken by Congress concerning the planned Iraq Agreements, including legislative initiatives and congressional hearings; the second provides a range of options for further congressional action concerning Congress's role in negotiating, executing, and implementing the Iraq Agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway in Egypt and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department