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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests

Central Asia's Security: Issues and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: unknown
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the internal and external security concerns of the Central Asian states. Security concerns faced by the states include mixes of social disorder, crime, corruption, terrorism, ethnic and civil conflict, border tensions, water and transport disputes, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and trafficking in illegal narcotics and persons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: January 8, 2010
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: February 8, 2012
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations, and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments

Iraq: Recent Developments

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, in April 2003, Congress approved a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY203 Supplemental Appropriation, among others. Many reconstruction efforts on the ground are underway, but security concerns have slowed progress considerably. A range of programs -- accounting for roughly 27% of appropriations -- are in place to offer expert advice to the Iraqi government, establish business centers, rehabilitate schools and health clinics, provide school books and vaccinations, etc.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Brief: Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan? Issues for Congress

In Brief: Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan? Issues for Congress

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: This short report considers issues that may be of interest to Congress as it considers the strength and duration of further U.S. involvement in Afghanistan, to 2014 and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Aid: Implementing the Assistance Program, 1992-1994

Date: January 18, 1995
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: In fiscal year 1994, the new states of the former Soviet Union became collectively the second largest recipient of U.S. foreign assistance made available from all sources. Whether and how the assistance program is helping to bring about democratic systems and free market economies is increasingly a question of interest to Congress and the public at large.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: April 26, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Should the United States resume food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance to North Korea? This is the major issue facing Congress in considering the provision of aid to Pyongyang. The U.S. has provided food aid and energy assistance in the past. Currently plans for new aid is on hold due to the North Korean rocket launch on April 13, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Report discussing whether or not the United States should resume food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance to North Korea. This is the major issue facing Congress in considering the provision of aid to Pyongyang. The U.S. has provided food aid and energy assistance in the past. Currently plans for new aid is on hold due to the North Korean rocket launch on April 13, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: August 12, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway in Egypt and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: November 18, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: August 23, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway after the resignation of Egyption president, Hosni Mubarak, as well as information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, however, U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: May 4, 2011
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In each of the past five fiscal years (FY2001-FY2005), Congress has conditioned U.S. aid to Serbia on a presidential certification that Serbia has met certain conditions, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The 1 Ogth Congress is considering similar certification provisions in the FY2006 foreign aid bill. Supporters of aid conditionality say such provisions may have spurred Serbia's cooperation with the Tribunal. While the certification process continues to enjoy support in Congress, the Administration appears to favor ending it soon, as well as shifting responsibility for prosecuting war crimes from the ICTY to local courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In each of the past five fiscal years (FY2001-FY2005), Congress has conditioned U.S. aid to Serbia on a presidential certification that Serbia has met certain conditions, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The 1 Ogth Congress is considering similar certification provisions in the FY2006 foreign aid bill. Supporters of aid conditionality say such provisions may have spurred Serbia's cooperation with the Tribunal. While the certification process continues to enjoy support in Congress, the Administration appears to favor ending it soon, as well as shifting responsibility for prosecuting war crimes from the ICTY to local courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan Aid Cutoff: U.S. Nonproliferation and Foreign Policy Considerations

Pakistan Aid Cutoff: U.S. Nonproliferation and Foreign Policy Considerations

Date: December 6, 1996
Creator: Cronin, Richard P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: April 29, 2009
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: May 15, 2009
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance

Date: April 1, 2003
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: October 2, 2003
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: October 24, 2003
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department