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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: The United States recognized the independence of all the former Soviet republics by the end of 1991, including the South Caucasus states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The United States has fostered these states' ties with the West in part to end the dependence of these states on Russia for trade, security, and other relations. The FREEDOM Support Act of 1992 provides authorization for assistance to the Eurasian states for humanitarian needs, democratization, and other purposes. In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, the Administration appealed for a national security waiver of the prohibition on aid to Azerbaijan, in consideration of Azerbaijan's assistance to the international coalition to combat terrorism. Azerbaijani and Georgian troops participate in stabilization efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq, and Armenian personnel serve in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq:  Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: May 12, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Date: May 10, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: This report discusses the issue of U.S. economic assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the importance of continued assistance in light of U.S. national security and also various U.S.-led efforts to promote reform amongst African citizens themselves. U.S. assistance finds its way to Africa through a variety of channels, including the USAID-administered DA program, food aid programs, and indirect aid provided through international financial institutions and the United Nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: April 26, 2005
Creator: Mark, Clyde R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to North Korea

U.S. Assistance to North Korea

Date: April 26, 2005
Creator: Manyin, Mark E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-War Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: April 21, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Afghanistan’s stabilization appears to be gathering strength, about three years after the U.S.-led war that brought the current government to power. Successful presidential elections held on October 9, 2004 appear to be accelerating political and economic reconstruction, and the insurgency led by remnants of the former Taliban regime has been diminishing significantly. Since the defeat of the Taliban, Afghanistan no longer serves as a safe base of operations for Al Qaeda. Remaining obstacles to stability include the continued local authority of militias controlled by regional leaders and growing narcotics trafficking. U.S. stabilization measures focus on strengthening the central government and its security forces. This report discusses U.S. efforts in Afghanistan at length, as well as the efforts of other countries around the world and the costs of U.S. aid to Afghanistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: April 8, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale reconstruction assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, Congress approved on April 12, 2003, a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. On November 6, 2003, the President signed into law P.L. 108-106, the FY2004 Emergency Supplemental Appropriation, providing $18.4 billion for Iraq reconstruction. Contributions pledged at the October 24, 2003, Madrid donor conference by other donors amounted to roughly $3.6 billion in grant aid and as much as $13.3 billion in possible loans. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
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