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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report discusses the need to evaluate U.S. bilateral assistance (not on the work of multilateral aid entities, such as the World Bank) and methods of evaluation. It provides an overview of the history of evaluation, challenges, and how findings may be applied to policy. Additionally, it discusses current evaluation policies and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign assistance program by answering frequently asked questions on the subject. It is intended to provide a broad view of foreign assistance over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy

Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy

Date: May 17, 2016
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report details legislation and policies that restrict or place requirements on U.S. funding of abortion or family planning activities abroad. The level and extent of federal funding for these activities is an ongoing and controversial issue in U.S. foreign assistance and will likely continue to be a point of contention during the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report discusses a number of issues relating to U.S. aid to the Palestinians that have relevance for Congress. Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed more than $5 billion in bilateral economic and non-lethal security assistance to the Palestinians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S. Foreign Assistance Initiative "Peace Colombia"

The Proposed U.S. Foreign Assistance Initiative "Peace Colombia"

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report briefly discusses Plan Colombia, a bilateral cooperation program aimed at improving Colombia's security and strengthening its democratic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2017

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2017

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Epstein, Susan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.; Schnepf, Randy & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the features of "Feed the Future" (FTF), a major foreign assistance initiative designed to alleviate global poverty and improve health and food security. Key issues addressed include the origin, intent, and government-wide inter-agency development approach of FTF; FTF program implementation, including monitoring and evaluation issues; and funding. This report also raises possible oversight issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report is an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to the Middle East, including a brief historical review of foreign aid levels, a description of specific country programs, and an analysis of current foreign aid issues. The Middle East is perennially a major focus of interest as Congress exercises these powers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Powering Africa: Challenges of and U.S. Aid for Electrification in Africa

Date: August 17, 2015
Creator: Cook, Nicolas; Campbell, Richard J.; Brown, Phillip & Ratner, Michael
Description: This report discusses the Power Africa initiative; policy problems and challenges related to power sector development in Africa; long-term perspectives on energy poverty, need, and future development; and raises some possible oversight questions and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides background information on the institutional makeup and operations of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the leading international humanitarian and development arm of the U.S. government. It then discusses in greater depth several aspects of the agency that might be of particular congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy

Abortion and Family Planning-Related Provisions in U.S. Foreign Assistance Law and Policy

Date: July 5, 2015
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report details legislation and policies that restrict or place requirements on U.S. funding of abortion or family planning activities abroad. The level and extent of federal funding for these activities is an ongoing and controversial issue in U.S. foreign assistance and will likely continue to be a point of contention during the second session of the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 14, 2015
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses key U.S. interests regarding Pakistan, especially as related to counterterrorism and U.S. foreign assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

Date: April 1, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report includes three principal sections: the first section is a description of U.S. international food aid programs under current law; the second section discusses several important policy issues related to U.S. international food aid; and the third section describes Administration and congressional proposals intended to change the nature of U.S. food international aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: February 10, 2015
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups--chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: December 23, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The report discusses the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps, efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps, and related issues. Current issues include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report discusses Section 1206 of the FY2006 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces for two specified purposes--counterterrorism and stability operations--and foreign security forces for counterterrorism operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: December 2, 2014
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The report discusses the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps, efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps, and related issues. Current issues include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 12, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the Department of Defense (DOD0-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Increased Department of Defense Role in U.S. Ebola Response

Increased Department of Defense Role in U.S. Ebola Response

Date: October 10, 2014
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Description: On September 16, 2014, President Obama announced a major increase in the United States response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. The Department of Defense (DOD) submitted requests to Congress to make excess Overseas Contingency Operations funds appropriated for FY2014 available to support this effort. This report briefly outlines these requests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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