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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a lingering food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and under-development that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report describes in detail the amount and types of emergency food aid and other relief aid that the United States has sent and will continue to send to Haiti. This report also outlines relevant pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: June 8, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: Plan Colombia Legislation and Assistance (FY2000-FY2001)

Colombia: Plan Colombia Legislation and Assistance (FY2000-FY2001)

Date: July 5, 2001
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance before the Plan Colombia proposal, describes the Clinton Administration Plan Colombia proposal, and tracks Congressional action on it. It also covers the Bush Administration’s Andean Regional Initiative (ARI), which incorporated the Bush Administration’s Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). Table 3 provides a breakdown of the ARI by country, purpose, and account. Table 1 provides an overview of U.S. assistance from FY1999-FY2001, and Table 2 provides an overview of Plan Colombia funding for Colombia and the Status of the commitment of funds provided in the State Department sections of P.L. 106-246, as of the spring of 2001. Tables 4 and 5 compare in detail the Clinton Administration’s Plan Colombia proposal with House, Senate, and conference action on it, and Table 6 charts U.S. assistance from FY1989-FY1998.
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Colombia: Summary and Tables on U.S. Assistance, FY1989-FY2003

Colombia: Summary and Tables on U.S. Assistance, FY1989-FY2003

Date: May 3, 2002
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: In early 2002, the Bush Administration requested $573.2 million for Colombia ($538.2 million in FY03 State Department foreign operations funds and $35.0 million in FY2002 emergency supplemental funds). This request builds on the programs developed during the Clinton Administration, whose centerpiece counternarcotics (CN) program was “Plan Colombia,” through which Congress provided funding of $860 million in FY2000 emergency supplemental funds and $257 million in related FY2001 funds. These programs were continued by the Bush Administration’s FY2002 Andean Regional Initiative (ARI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Colombia: U.S. Assistance and Current Legislation

Colombia: U.S. Assistance and Current Legislation

Date: May 15, 2001
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. assistance before the Plan Colombia proposal, describes the Clinton Administration Plan Colombia proposal, and tracks Congressional action on it. It also covers the Bush Administration’s Andean Regional Initiative (ARI), which incorporated the Bush Administration’s Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). Table 2 provides a breakdown of the ARI by country, purpose, and account. Table 1 provides an overview of U.S. assistance from FY1999-FY2001, Tables 3 and 4 compare the Clinton Administration’s Plan Colombia proposal with House, Senate, and conference action on it, and Table 5 charts U.S. assistance from FY1989-FY1998. Discussion of conference action includes a list of certification and reporting requirements, and Clinton Administration responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense "Section 1207" Security and Stabilization Assistance: Background and Congressional Concerns, FY2006-FY2010

Department of Defense "Section 1207" Security and Stabilization Assistance: Background and Congressional Concerns, FY2006-FY2010

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Now expired, Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 (P.L. 109-163) provided authority for the Department of Defense (DOD) to transfer to the State Department up to $100 million per fiscal year in defense articles, services, training or other support for reconstruction, stabilization, and security activities in foreign countries. This report provides background and data on Section 1207 authority and funding that may be useful for possible debate in the 112th Congress regarding the appropriate roles and funding mechanisms for DOD, the State Department, and other U.S. agencies in conflict prevention, management, and resolution, and in stabilization and reconstruction operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: April 27, 2009
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: November 25, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: September 28, 2009
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: March 19, 2009
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military Forces

Date: June 3, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces. Thus far, the Department of Defense (DOD) has used Section 1206 authority primarily to provide counterterrorism support. Section 1206 obligations totaled some $100 million in FY2006 and $279 million in FY2007. Obligations for FY2008 total almost $25 million as of May 20, 2008. Funds may only be obligated with the concurrence of the Secretary of State. This authority expires at the end of FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the Department of Defense (DOD0-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 12, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the Department of Defense (DOD0-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 8, 2014
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report discusses Section 1206 of the FY2006 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces for two specified purposes--counterterrorism and stability operations--and foreign security forces for counterterrorism operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 29, 2010
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 18, 2010
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 19, 2013
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 is the first major DOD authority to be used expressly for the purpose of training and equipping the national military forces of foreign countries. This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress. An appendix provides a descriptive legislative history of the bill and evolving congressional committee attitudes towards the appropriate division of labor between the Department of Defense and the State Department regarding Section 1206 authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: “Section 1206” Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: “Section 1206” Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 is the first major DOD authority to be used expressly for the purpose of training and equipping the national military forces of foreign countries. This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities, the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, its purpose, scope, and funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 is the first major DOD authority to be used expressly for the purpose of training and equipping the national military forces of foreign countries. This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress. An appendix provides a descriptive legislative history of the bill and evolving congressional committee attitudes towards the appropriate division of labor between the Department of Defense and the State Department regarding Section 1206 authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany, and Japan Compared

U.S. Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany, and Japan Compared

Date: March 23, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M; Tarnoff, Curt & Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany, and Japan Compared

U.S. Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany, and Japan Compared

Date: March 23, 2006
Creator: Serafino, Nina M; Tarnoff, Curt & Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department