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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Post-War Iraq: A Table and Chronology of Foreign Contributions

Post-War Iraq: A Table and Chronology of Foreign Contributions

Date: March 18, 2005
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to introduce economic reform and democratic government to post-war Iraq. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale reconstruction assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Large-scale reconstruction assistance programs are being undertaken by the United States following the war with Iraq. To fund such programs, Congress approved on April 12, 2003, a $2.48 billion Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund (IRRF) in the FY2003 Supplemental Appropriation. On November 6, 2003, the President signed into law P.L. 108-106, the FY2004 Emergency Supplemental Appropriation, providing $18.4 billion for Iraq reconstruction. Contributions pledged at the October 24, 2003, Madrid donor conference by other donors amounted to roughly $3.6 billion in grant aid and as much as $13.3 billion in possible loans. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

The Earthquake in South Asia: Humanitarian Assistance and Relief Operations

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Kronenfeld, Daniel & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: The powerful earthquake struck northern Pakistan and India damaged the homes of as many as three million people, forcing many of them to search for alternative means of shelter. The full extent of the destruction remains unknown because government authorities and relief organizations continue to have difficulty accessing some remote locations. As of the date of this report, the United States government (USG) has pledged $410 million toward the relief effort, almost all of it to assisting Pakistan, which remains a key U.S. ally in the war against terror. So far, about 35% of this pledge has been committed. Some aid agencies are saying that the country needs a great deal more aid than it is getting, and warn that the economic impact of the disaster will surpass $5.2 billion. This burden may contribute toward long-term instability in an area perceived to be of critical importance to the United States in the war on terror.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate

The U.N. Population Fund: Background and the U.S. Funding Debate

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to North Korea: A Fact Sheet

U.S. Assistance to North Korea: A Fact Sheet

Date: January 31, 2006
Creator: Manyin, Mark E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to North Korea: A Fact Sheet

U.S. Assistance to North Korea: A Fact Sheet

Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Manyin, Mark E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Since armed rebels seized control of Haiti’s fourth largest city, Gonaives, on February 5, 2004, and protests calling for President Aristide’s resignation culminated in his departure on February 29, there has been increasing concern about a looming humanitarian crisis in Haiti. With events on the ground constantly shifting and an increasing lack of security, assessments of the humanitarian situation remain fluid and subject to change. This report covers recent developments and the humanitarian response to the crisis by the United States and other international actors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report briefly discusses appropriations for international HIV/AIDS programs. FY2006 Appropriations for Foreign Operations (P.L. 109-102), Labor/HHS/Education (H.Rept. 109-300), Defense, and Agriculture (P.L. 109-97) provide more than $3.4 billion for international HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria initiatives. The largest portion of the funds is provided through P.L. 109-102, which directs more than $2.8 billion to fighting the three diseases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2006 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2006 Assistance

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI) and Related Funding Programs: FY2005 Assistance

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Veillette, Connie
Description: This report discusses the funds and material support the U.S. has contributed to help Colombia and the Andean region fight drug trafficking since the development of Plan Colombia in 1999.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In each of the past five fiscal years (FY2001-FY2005), Congress has conditioned U.S. aid to Serbia on a presidential certification that Serbia has met certain conditions, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The 1 Ogth Congress is considering similar certification provisions in the FY2006 foreign aid bill. Supporters of aid conditionality say such provisions may have spurred Serbia's cooperation with the Tribunal. While the certification process continues to enjoy support in Congress, the Administration appears to favor ending it soon, as well as shifting responsibility for prosecuting war crimes from the ICTY to local courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia

Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In each of the past five fiscal years (FY2001-FY2005), Congress has conditioned U.S. aid to Serbia on a presidential certification that Serbia has met certain conditions, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The 1 Ogth Congress is considering similar certification provisions in the FY2006 foreign aid bill. Supporters of aid conditionality say such provisions may have spurred Serbia's cooperation with the Tribunal. While the certification process continues to enjoy support in Congress, the Administration appears to favor ending it soon, as well as shifting responsibility for prosecuting war crimes from the ICTY to local courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction

Post-War Iraq: Foreign Contributions to Training, Peacekeeping, and Reconstruction

Date: January 13, 2006
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M & Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: January 4, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to introduce economic reform and democratic government to post-war Iraq. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale reconstruction assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Date: December 6, 2005
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: This report provides an annotated list of U.N. agencies that are involved in Iraq, key U.S. government agencies, and a sample list of major international and U.S.- based aid organizations that are providing humanitarian assistance to Iraq. Internet links to the U.N. agencies and humanitarian aid organizations are also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses international assistance strategy, known as the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), to address Haiti’s short-term needs between the collapse of the government of President Jean- Bertrand Aristide in February 2004 and the initial phase of a new government scheduled to be inaugurated in February 2006.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Assistance to Vietnam

U.S. Assistance to Vietnam

Date: December 3, 2004
Creator: Manyin, Mark E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients

U.S. Foreign Aid to East and South Asia: Selected Recipients

Date: December 10, 2004
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Date: October 25, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: This report discusses the issue of U.S. economic assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the importance of continued assistance in light of U.S. national security and also various U.S.-led efforts to promote reform amongst African citizens themselves. U.S. assistance finds its way to Africa through a variety of channels, including the USAID-administered DA program, food aid programs, and indirect aid provided through international financial institutions and the United Nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department