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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

IMF and World Bank: U.S. Contributions and Agency Budgets

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: This paper shows how much the United States has contributed to these international agencies in recent years. It also shows how much the international agencies budget (and the source of those funds) for their administrative expenses and their operational budgets. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Role of U.S. Foreign Assistance

Global Climate Change: The Role of U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the role of U.S. foreign assistance to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gases that most experts believe cause global warming
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U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the former Soviet Union and then focuses on the foreign operations FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
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U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
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U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: July 14, 2005
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
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HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Copson, Raymond W
Description: This report discusses the funding the of international programs to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
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Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Bockman, Johanna
Description: This report discusses the Oil For Food Program (OFFP) has alleviated some of the worst effects of the 1991 Gulf-War international sanctions regime. While some improvements have been seen in nutrition, health services, water supply and sanitation, there is greater dependence on government services, and observers of the Iraq situation have identified disturbing health and nutrition problems affecting the civilian population.
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Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Haiti: International Assistance Strategy for the Interim Government and Congressional Concerns

Date: November 17, 2005
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report discusses international assistance strategy, known as the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF), to address Haiti’s short-term needs between the collapse of the government of President Jean- Bertrand Aristide in February 2004 and the initial phase of a new government scheduled to be inaugurated in February 2006.
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Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Millennium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
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U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

U.S. Assistance to the Former Soviet Union

Date: January 12, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Since 1992, the United States has provided more than $26 billion in assistance to the 12 states of the former Soviet Union (FSU). It continues to provide nearly $2 billion annually. This report describes the broad framework of U.S. assistance programs and policies in the region and then focuses on the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) account under the foreign operations budget which, encompassing all U.S. objectives in the region, has often been the means by which Congress has expressed its views and sought to influence policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

HIV/AIDS International Programs: Appropriations, FY2003-FY2006

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: This report briefly discusses appropriations for international HIV/AIDS programs. FY2006 Appropriations for Foreign Operations (P.L. 109-102), Labor/HHS/Education (H.Rept. 109-300), Defense, and Agriculture (P.L. 109-97) provide more than $3.4 billion for international HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria initiatives. The largest portion of the funds is provided through P.L. 109-102, which directs more than $2.8 billion to fighting the three diseases.
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Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Humanitarian Crisis in Haiti: 2004

Date: March 5, 2004
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda
Description: Since armed rebels seized control of Haiti’s fourth largest city, Gonaives, on February 5, 2004, and protests calling for President Aristide’s resignation culminated in his departure on February 29, there has been increasing concern about a looming humanitarian crisis in Haiti. With events on the ground constantly shifting and an increasing lack of security, assessments of the humanitarian situation remain fluid and subject to change. This report covers recent developments and the humanitarian response to the crisis by the United States and other international actors.
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Honduras: U.S. Foreign Assistance Facts

Honduras: U.S. Foreign Assistance Facts

Date: March 31, 1987
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: This report provides basic information on the U.S. aid program and on the general situation in Honduras. It also outlines major issues that have arisen in the aid debate.
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Millenium Challenge Account

Millenium Challenge Account

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
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Iraq:  Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Iraq: Recent Developments in Reconstruction Assistance

Date: June 15, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: Following years of authoritarian rule and economic sanctions, the United States and the international community agreed in the spring of 2003 that efforts should be made to rehabilitate economic infrastructure and introduce representative government to post-war Iraq, among other objectives. More recently, the Bush Administration has asserted a “victory” strategy composed of eight objectives, five of which are to: transition Iraq to security self-reliance, help Iraqis form a national compact for democratic government, help Iraq build government capacity and provide essential services, help Iraq strengthen its economy, and help Iraq strengthen the rule of law and promote civil rights. To meet these ends, a large-scale assistance program has been undertaken by the United States in Iraq. This report describes recent developments in this assistance effort.
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Millenium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Millenium Challenge Account: Implementation of a New U.S. Foreign Aid Initiative

Date: June 2, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA), which provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
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Millenium Challenge Account

Millenium Challenge Account

Date: August 1, 2006
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) that is managed by the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) and provides assistance, through a competitive selection process, to developing nations that are pursing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
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The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
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The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

The Former Soviet Union and U.S. Foreign Assistance in 1992: The Role of Congress

Date: May 20, 2004
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the key role Congress played in formulating an aid program for the former Soviet Union in 1992. Focusing on tensions in the political and legislative system, it delineates congressional achievements — chief of which was the Freedom Support Act. The legislation that was ultimately produced became the basis on which future debate would be conducted regarding how the United States could continue to influence events in the former Soviet Union and assist its transition to an open market economy and democratic institutions.
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The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: Progress Report and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2006
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Description: The report discusses the progress and issues regarding the global fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
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Millennium Challenge Corporation

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
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The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Peace Corps and discusses how the 111th Congress is considering the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps and efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps. Current issues for Congress include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
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The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Ho, Melissa D. & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: The primary objectives of this report are to (1) provide a context for the state of food insecurity in the world; (2) provide an overview of the Obama Administration's global hunger and food security initiative, called Feed the Future; and (3) provide an overview of issues that the 112th Congress may consider in relation to agricultural development and global food security.
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