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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

FY2017 State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Budget Request: In Brief

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of budget requests for the State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations (SFOPS). It includes information from the previous fiscal years with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the FY2016 estimates and FY2015 actuals in Appendix A.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Does Foreign Aid Work? Efforts to Evaluate U.S. Foreign Assistance

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.
Description: This report discusses the need to evaluate U.S. bilateral assistance (not on the work of multilateral aid entities, such as the World Bank) and methods of evaluation. It provides an overview of the history of evaluation, challenges, and how findings may be applied to policy. Additionally, it discusses current evaluation policies and issues for Congress.
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Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
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U.S. Foreign Assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa: The FY2012 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa: The FY2012 Request

Date: May 20, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Cook, Nicolas; Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Kendall, Alexandra E.; Tarnoff, Curt & Ho, Melissa D.
Description: Sub-Saharan Africa, the world's poorest region, receives over a quarter of all U.S. bilateral foreign assistance. Aid to Africa more than quadrupled over the past decade, primarily due to sizable increases in global health spending during the Bush Administration and more measured increases in development, economic, and security assistance. The Obama Administration's FY2012 bilateral Africa aid budget request, at $7.8 billion, represents an increase of roughly 10% compared to FY2010, albeit at a more restrained growth rate than in previous years (see "The FY2012 Request by the Numbers"). FY2011 enacted levels are not yet available by region. The proposed increases are concentrated in the areas of health, governance, and agriculture.
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Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Date: March 6, 2014
Creator: Kronstadt, K. A. & Epstein, Susan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Africa: U.S. Foreign Assistance Issues

Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the issue of U.S. economic assistance to sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the importance of continued assistance in light of U.S. national security and also various U.S.-led efforts to promote reform amongst African citizens themselves. U.S. assistance finds its way to Africa through a variety of channels, including the USAID-administered DA program, food aid programs, and indirect aid provided through international financial institutions and the United Nations.
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Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the political climate of Somalia, which has undergone extreme unrest for years. The report focuses on events since October 2002, including the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2007 and the TFG's cooperation with the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) in 2008. The report also discusses the U.S. relationship with Somalia under the Obama Administration, including U.S. economic assistance given to Somalia and U.S. efforts to contain Somalian terrorist groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
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Jamaica: Background and U.S. Relations

Jamaica: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: July 9, 2010
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses Jamaica's social, political, and economic environment, as well as the country's relationship with the U.S.
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Nigeria

Nigeria

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report discusses the political climate, development challenges and reform in Nigeria. The report also considers the social issues and security concerns of Nigeria. In addition, other issues are mentioned, as Congress provides oversight for over $600 million in U.S. foreign assistance programs to Nigeria.
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Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: April 9, 2010
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief discussion of Jordan's government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Pakistan-U.S. Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 14, 2015
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses key U.S. interests regarding Pakistan, especially as related to counterterrorism and U.S. foreign assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: September 21, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the recent widespread flooding in Pakistan, which has affected about 20 million Pakistanis. U.S. interest in the flooding stems from the significant humanitarian and economic implications for Pakistan, and the security implications for U.S. interests in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: November 18, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the recent widespread flooding in Pakistan, which has affected about 20 million Pakistanis. U.S. interest in the flooding stems from the significant humanitarian and economic implications for Pakistan, and the security implications for U.S. interests in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Flooding in Pakistan: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: October 8, 2010
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan; Sheikh, Pervaze A. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the recent widespread flooding in Pakistan, which has affected about 20 million Pakistanis. U.S. interest in the flooding stems from the significant humanitarian and economic implications for Pakistan, and the security implications for U.S. interests in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Countering Terrorism in East Africa: The U.S. Response

Countering Terrorism in East Africa: The U.S. Response

Date: November 3, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. counterterrorism assistance programs and influence operations in East Africa and explores some of the strategies underpinning them. It also provides a brief description of the evolving terrorist threat in the region and explores the various roles of the Departments of State, Defense, Homeland Security, Treasury, Justice, and the U.S. Agency for International Development in implementing counterterrorism programs in the region. The report does not address covert or clandestine operations to collect intelligence or capture or eliminate terrorist targets in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense "Section 1207" Security and Stabilization Assistance: Background and Congressional Concerns, FY2006-FY2010

Department of Defense "Section 1207" Security and Stabilization Assistance: Background and Congressional Concerns, FY2006-FY2010

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Now expired, Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 (P.L. 109-163) provided authority for the Department of Defense (DOD) to transfer to the State Department up to $100 million per fiscal year in defense articles, services, training or other support for reconstruction, stabilization, and security activities in foreign countries. This report provides background and data on Section 1207 authority and funding that may be useful for possible debate in the 112th Congress regarding the appropriate roles and funding mechanisms for DOD, the State Department, and other U.S. agencies in conflict prevention, management, and resolution, and in stabilization and reconstruction operations.
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Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Date: October 8, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the political climate of Somalia, which has undergone extreme unrest for years. The report focuses on events since October 2002, including the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2007 and the TFG's cooperation with the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) in 2008. The report also discusses the U.S. relationship with Somalia under the Obama Administration, including U.S. economic assistance given to Somalia and U.S. efforts to contain Somalian terrorist groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Date: December 16, 2010
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the political climate of Somalia, which has undergone extreme unrest for years. The report focuses on events since October 2002, including the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2007 and the TFG's cooperation with the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) in 2008. The report also discusses the U.S. relationship with Somalia under the Obama Administration, including U.S. economic assistance given to Somalia and U.S. efforts to contain Somalian terrorist groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Somalia: Current Conditions and Prospects for a Lasting Peace

Date: April 20, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the political climate of Somalia, which has undergone extreme unrest for years. The report focuses on events since October 2002, including the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2007 and the TFG's cooperation with the Re-Liberation of Somalia (ARS) in 2008. The report also discusses the U.S. relationship with Somalia under the Obama Administration, including U.S. economic assistance given to Somalia and U.S. efforts to contain Somalian terrorist groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Defense Articles and Services Supplied to Foreign Recipients: Restrictions on Their Use

U.S. Defense Articles and Services Supplied to Foreign Recipients: Restrictions on Their Use

Date: March 6, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: In accordance with United States law, the U.S. Government places conditions on the use of defense articles and defense services transferred by it to foreign recipients. Violation of these conditions can lead to the suspension of deliveries or termination of the contracts for such defense items, among other things. This report covers the details and meanings of these reports.
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International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: March 16, 2012
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department