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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Political Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the history and political background of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia since their breakaway from the former Soviet Union at the end of 1991. It looks at key issues for the 112th Congress including economies, energy, regional politics, local crime, and terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Brief: Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan? Issues for Congress

In Brief: Next Steps in the War in Afghanistan? Issues for Congress

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Dale, Catherine
Description: This short report considers issues that may be of interest to Congress as it considers the strength and duration of further U.S. involvement in Afghanistan, to 2014 and beyond.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report describes issues related to U.S. aid provided to Palestine to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs. In includes introductory and historical background as well as in-depth analysis of the types of U.S. bilateral aid to Palestine, U.S. contributions to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the near East (UNRWA), and the issues involved in determining future aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: In June 2005, G8 finance ministers proposed the new Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). The MDRI proposes to cancel debts of some of the world's poorest countries owed to the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and African Development Bank. This report discusses MDRI's implementation and raises some issues regarding debt relief's effectiveness as a form of foreign assistance for possible congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt , K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: May 3, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship, in both the short and long term, and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: May 3, 2012
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Jordanian politics and current issues in U.S.-Jordanian relations. It provides a brief discussion of Jordan's government and economy and of its cooperation in promoting Arab-Israeli peace and other U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: April 26, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Should the United States resume food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance to North Korea? This is the major issue facing Congress in considering the provision of aid to Pyongyang. The U.S. has provided food aid and energy assistance in the past. Currently plans for new aid is on hold due to the North Korean rocket launch on April 13, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honduran-U.S. Relations

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Date: April 25, 2012
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines current conditions in Honduras as well as issues in U.S-Honduran relations, including human rights, poverty, inequality, international support, democracy, security challenges, and international trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship, in both the short and long term, and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: In 2012, the 112th Congress is considering the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps, efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps, and related issues. Current issues include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether the Peace Corps has the institutional capacity to expand, and whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: The U.S. government has committed over $4 billion in bilateral assistance to the Palestinians Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s. This aid has been requested to support prevention/combating against terrorism, creating coexistence with Israel and self-governance, and meeting humanitarian needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Manyin, Mark E. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Description: Report discussing whether or not the United States should resume food, energy, and/or denuclearization assistance to North Korea. This is the major issue facing Congress in considering the provision of aid to Pyongyang. The U.S. has provided food aid and energy assistance in the past. Currently plans for new aid is on hold due to the North Korean rocket launch on April 13, 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: March 16, 2012
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report looks at how the debate over family planning within the U.S. is spilling over to U.S.-funded family planning programs abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel

Date: March 12, 2012
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to Israel. It includes a review of past aid programs, data on annual assistance, and an analysis of current issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Defense Articles and Services Supplied to Foreign Recipients: Restrictions on Their Use

U.S. Defense Articles and Services Supplied to Foreign Recipients: Restrictions on Their Use

Date: March 6, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: In accordance with United States law, the U.S. Government places conditions on the use of defense articles and defense services transferred by it to foreign recipients. Violation of these conditions can lead to the suspension of deliveries or termination of the contracts for such defense items, among other things. This report covers the details and meanings of these reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Bosnia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 29, 2012
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In recent years, many analysts have expressed concern that the international community's efforts over the past 15 years to stabilize Bosnia are failing. This report discusses the U.S. and European Union's roles in trying to stabilize the area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Kosovo: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: February 9, 2012
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report discusses challenges that Kosovo faces on its road to democracy and US funding of this goal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Egypt in Transition

Egypt in Transition

Date: February 8, 2012
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the transition underway and information on U.S. foreign aid to Egypt. U.S. policy toward Egypt has long been framed as an investment in regional stability, built primarily on long-running military cooperation and sustaining the March 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. Successive U.S. Administrations have viewed Egypt's government as a moderating influence in the Middle East. U.S. policy makers are now grappling with complex questions about the future of U.S.-Egypt relations, and these debates are likely to influence consideration of appropriations and authorization legislation in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: February 6, 2012
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship, in both the short and long term, and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lebanon and the Uprising in Syria: Issue for Congress

Lebanon and the Uprising in Syria: Issue for Congress

Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Hopkins, Rebecca A.
Description: This report gives an overview of the social and political situation in Lebanon and in Syria, and discusses how the uprising in Syria could affect U.S. relations with Lebanon. Syria exerts a strong political influence on Lebanon and Syrian business interests remain prominent in the Lebanese economy. Both Lebanon and Syria have diverse societies where ethnic and sectarian groups compete and cooperate as they seek power within the confines of a rigid political system. Congress may review U.S. priorities and programs in relation to future U.S. policy in Lebanon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 13, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: Section 1206 is the first major DOD authority to be used expressly for the purpose of training and equipping the national military forces of foreign countries. This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress. An appendix provides a descriptive legislative history of the bill and evolving congressional committee attitudes towards the appropriate division of labor between the Department of Defense and the State Department regarding Section 1206 authority.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Horn of Africa Region: The Humanitarian Crisis and International Response

Horn of Africa Region: The Humanitarian Crisis and International Response

Date: January 6, 2012
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda; Dagne, Ted & Ploch, Lauren
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of the crisis, summary background on the region, a framework for the international and humanitarian response, and an analysis of some of the operational challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Pakistan: U.S. Foreign Aid Conditions, Restrictions, and Reporting Requirements

Date: January 5, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report provides a comprehensive list of existing laws and pending legislation containing conditions, limitations, and reporting requirements for U.S. foreign assistance to Pakistan. It will track the debate on this topic and resulting changes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department