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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: April 10, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses food safety legislation passed by Congress in December 2010 (FDA Food Safety Modernization Act [FSMA], P.L. 111-353).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: February 7, 2007
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Porter, Donna V.
Description: Numerous federal, state, and local agencies share responsibilities for regulating the safety of the U.S. food supply, which many experts say is among the safest in the world. Nevertheless, critics view this system as lacking the organization and resources to adequately combat foodborne illness, which sickens an estimated 76 million people and kills an estimated 5,000 each year in this country. The 110th Congress may face calls for a review of federal food safety agencies and authorities, and proposals for reorganizing them. Among the issues likely to arise are whether reform can improve oversight, and the cost to industry, consumers, and taxpayers. This report provides a brief introduction to the system and the debate on whether reorganization is needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene; Mitchell, Alison; Lynch, Karen E.; McCarty, Maggie; Morton, William R. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report examines estimated benefit receipt by families from nine major need-tested benefit programs in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FDA FY2009 Budget

The FDA FY2009 Budget

Date: August 25, 2008
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A. & Porter, Donna V.
Description: This report discusses the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) FY2009 budget request of $2.676 billion that would provide a 17.9% increase ($406 million) over FY2008. It includes an overview and breakdowns for specific programs: Foods Program, Human Drugs Program, Biologics program, Animal Drugs and Feed Program, and the Devices and Radiological Health Program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postage Subsidies for Periodicals: History and Recent Developments

Postage Subsidies for Periodicals: History and Recent Developments

Date: January 22, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report describes and assesses the major federal policies that have subsidized postage for periodicals. These policies have been contentious because they involve disputed principles and vexing implementation issues. Some persons believe that periodicals provide important information about politics and government to U.S. citizens, which helps members of the public to discharge their civic duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides background information on the institutional makeup and operations of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the leading international humanitarian and development arm of the U.S. government. It then discusses in greater depth several aspects of the agency that might be of particular congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the potential role that the block grant to states of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) may play in mitigating the effects of the recession for poor families with children. It discusses the recession and the economic insecurity of disadvantaged families, the TANF block grand and potential role in the recession, as well as legislative issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FHA Modernization Act of 2008

The FHA Modernization Act of 2008

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Manufactured Housing Loan Modernization Act of 2008, which makes several amendments to the FHA program that insures loans on manufactured housing loan program under Title I of the National Housing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the potential role that the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states may play in mitigating the effects of the recession for poor families with children. The TANF block grant is best known as a funding source for cash welfare. However, it also funds a wide range of benefits, services, and activities for disadvantaged families with children, as well as programs to achieve the goals of reducing out-of-wedlock pregnancies and promoting two-parent families.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meat and Poultry Inspection: Background and Selected Issues

Meat and Poultry Inspection: Background and Selected Issues

Date: April 21, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: This report provides background information on the safety food programs, statutory authorities, systems basics (i.e. coverage, plant sanitation, slaughter inscpection, processing inspection, pathogen testing etc). The report discusses microbiological contamination and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Local and Regional Procurement for U.S. International Emergency Food Aid

Local and Regional Procurement for U.S. International Emergency Food Aid

Date: August 10, 2009
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E.
Description: This report discusses local and regional procurement (LRP) of food aid, which refers to the purchase of commodities for emergency food aid by donors in countries with food needs or in another country within the region. LRP is used extensively by the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and has been proposed as a cost-effective, time-saving tool that the United States could use to meet emergency food needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF): Budget and Operations

Date: August 6, 2009
Creator: Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives' (ATF) budget and operations. The ATF is the lead federal law enforcement agency charged with administering and enforcing federal laws related to the manufacture, importation, and distribution of firearms and explosives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report briefly describes the relevant World Trade Organization (WTO) rules governing domestic support programs under the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM). The report then reviews the current U.S. farm safety net programs in light of their potential for compliance with the AoA and SCM and their potential to affect the success of the current Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consumers and Food Price Inflation

Consumers and Food Price Inflation

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Schnepf, Randy & Richardson, Joe
Description: The heightened commodity price volatility of 2008 and the subsequent acceleration in U.S. food price inflation raised concerns and generated many questions about farm and food price movements by Members of Congress and their constituents. This report responds to those concerns by addressing the nature and measurement of retail food price inflation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility: Issues for Congress

The National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility: Issues for Congress

Date: December 14, 2009
Creator: Shea, Dana A.; Monke, Jim & Gottron, Frank
Description: This report outlines current progress towards establishment of the National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF), presents current and projected funding levels and timelines, and describes policy issues of potential interest to Congress, such as agency coordination, possession of viruses, construction timelines, disposition of the Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC), and community safety concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

Date: April 1, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report includes three principal sections: the first section is a description of U.S. international food aid programs under current law; the second section discusses several important policy issues related to U.S. international food aid; and the third section describes Administration and congressional proposals intended to change the nature of U.S. food international aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Date: May 12, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses how the outbreak of the strain of influenza A (H1N1), commonly referred to as "swine flu," affected the domestic and international pork markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Date: January 12, 2010
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses how the outbreak of the strain of influenza A (H1N1), commonly referred to as "swine flu," affected the domestic and international pork markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Potential Farm Sector Effects of 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": Questions and Answers

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses how the outbreak of the strain of influenza A (H1N1), commonly referred to as "swine flu," affected the domestic and international pork markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses pertinent issues for Congress in regards to food safety legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Date: December 29, 2014
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy A.
Description: This report focuses on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and the form and function of benefits. SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program, is designed primarily to increase the food purchasing power of eligible low-income households to help them buy a nutritionally adequate low-cost diet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy A. & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report gives an overview of the federal programs that provide food assistance within the United States and the territories, including a discussion of common concepts and themes across the network of domestic food assistance programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Seafood Safety: Background and Issues

Seafood Safety: Background and Issues

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Upton, Harold F.
Description: Although seafood consumption can contribute to a healthy diet, some fish and shellfish can cause foodborne illnesses or contain environmental contaminants. This report discusses whether current food safety programs are sufficiently protecting consumers, and if not, what changes should be considered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: "Section 32" is a permanent appropriation that since 1935 has set aside the equivalent of 30% of annual customs receipts to support the farm sector through the purchase of surplus commodities and a variety of other activities. This report first describes how the Section 32 account operates by tracing funds flowing into and out of the account. Second, a more detailed discussion is provided for each type of use, including historical policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department