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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Ethiopian Food Situation: International Response

Date: June 28, 1985
Creator: Barnes, Lafayette
Description: The United States has donated the largest share of the world-wide relief effort. Members of Congress nave passed legislation, the African Famine Relief and Recovery Act of 1985 (2.L. 99-8), authorizing emergency relief assistance to Ethiopia and other famine-stricken countries. Some observers favor trying to remove restrictions that prohibit long-term agricultural development assistance and other forms of economic aid to Ethiopia, but many continue to believe that aid to this Marxist-oriented nation should be limited to humanitarian relief. The Ethiopian food situation will probably remain a central issue among U.S. lawmakers and relief officials during the 99th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial Sweeteners

Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E
Description: This report discusses the artificial sweeteners have been a source of controversy in the U.S. for over 73 years. One of the factors driving these issues has been an interplay of a large consumer demand for low calorie sweeteners and controversy concerning certain safety standards set forth in the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Date: July 26, 1985
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This issue brief discusses the ongoing debate centered around television and radio advertising of alcoholic beverages, especially as it relates to the possible negative influence on the drinking habits of minors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues

Date: November 9, 1992
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: Under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for establishing tolerances for pesticide residues in or on foods and feeds. Tolerances are legal limits to the amount of pesticide residues that can be found on a raw agricultural commodity at the farm gate or in a processed food. The FFDCA has two sections, 408 and 409, which set up different and inconsistent criteria for setting tolerances for pesticide residues in foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

The Delaney Dilemma: Regulating Pesticide Residues in Foods -- Seminar Proceedings, March 16, 1993

Date: May 19, 1993
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: A provision in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Delaney Clause, appears to lower risks in the setting of tolerances for pesticide residues. It prohibits any substance from being added to processed foods if it induces cancer in man or animals. In reality, the provision created a dilemma because the zero-risk statute makes it difficult to regulate pesticides. Because of the prescription of Delaney, tolerances (legal limits) are established differently for carcinogens and non-carcinogens and in raw and processed foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology

Food Additive Regulations: A Chronology

Date: September 13, 1995
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: McHugh, Lois
Description: The World Health organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the United Nations system's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO is not an operational agency. It works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pesticide Legislation: Food Quality Protection Act of 1996

Pesticide Legislation: Food Quality Protection Act of 1996

Date: September 11, 1996
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Food Summit

The World Food Summit

Date: November 6, 1996
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Governments participating in the 1996 World Food Summit will examine how to deal with world hunger and malnutrition and achieve the goal of food security for all. There is broad agreement on the desirability of the Summit's goal, but controversy has developed over such issues as the relationship of trade liberalization and food security, the advisability of declaring a legal right to food, the link between population stabilization and reproductive health and food security, and responsibility within the UN system for Summit follow-up.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food and Agriculture: Prospective Issues in the 105th Congress

Food and Agriculture: Prospective Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 3, 1997
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department