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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Sugar Program Fundamentals

U.S. Sugar Program Fundamentals

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. sugar program, which is singular among major agricultural commodity programs in that it combines a floor price guarantee with a supply management structure that encompasses both domestic production for human use and sugar imports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

The Role of Local and Regional Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

Date: February 18, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report provides background information on many of the type of operations engaged in the U.S. local and regional food system. A wide range of farm businesses are involved in local foods, such as direct-to-consumer marketing, farmers' markets, farm-to-school programs, community-supported agriculture,6 community gardens, school gardens, food hubs and market aggregators, kitchen incubators, and mobile slaughter units. This report also highlights some of the available resources within existing federal programs administered by USDA and other agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Local Food Systems: Selected Farm Bill and Other Federal Programs

Local Food Systems: Selected Farm Bill and Other Federal Programs

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report examines the federal support of local food systems, such as sales of locally-produced foods which comprise a small but growing part of U.S. agricultural sales.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Frequently Asked Questions

Dietary Guidelines for Americans: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: February 2, 2016
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Description: This report provides responses to frequently asked questions about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA), including the DGA development process, as well as specific recommendations contained in the 2015-2020 DGA. The DGA provides federally-developed food-based recommendations for Americans two years of age and older, designed to promote health and prevent disease.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

The Obama Administration's Feed the Future Initiative

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.; Schnepf, Randy & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses the features of "Feed the Future" (FTF), a major foreign assistance initiative designed to alleviate global poverty and improve health and food security. Key issues addressed include the origin, intent, and government-wide inter-agency development approach of FTF; FTF program implementation, including monitoring and evaluation issues; and funding. This report also raises possible oversight issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Need-Tested Benefits: Estimated Eligibility and Benefit Receipt by Families and Individuals

Date: December 30, 2015
Creator: Falk, Gene; Mitchell, Alison; Lynch, Karen E.; McCarty, Maggie; Morton, William R. & Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report examines estimated benefit receipt by families from nine major need-tested benefit programs in 2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Access to Unapproved Drugs: FDA Policies on Compassionate Use and Emergency Use Authorization

Access to Unapproved Drugs: FDA Policies on Compassionate Use and Emergency Use Authorization

Date: August 4, 2015
Creator: Susan,Thaul
Description: This report discuses the approval or licensure procedures of drugs and biological products which Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may permit the sponsor to provide an unapproved or unlicensed product to patients outside the standard regulatory framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID): Background, Operations, and Issues

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report provides background information on the institutional makeup and operations of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the leading international humanitarian and development arm of the U.S. government. It then discusses in greater depth several aspects of the agency that might be of particular congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

2014 Farm Bill Provisions and WTO Compliance

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report briefly describes the relevant World Trade Organization (WTO) rules governing domestic support programs under the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) and the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM). The report then reviews the current U.S. farm safety net programs in light of their potential for compliance with the AoA and SCM and their potential to affect the success of the current Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: April 10, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses food safety legislation passed by Congress in December 2010 (FDA Food Safety Modernization Act [FSMA], P.L. 111-353).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

Date: April 1, 2015
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report includes three principal sections: the first section is a description of U.S. international food aid programs under current law; the second section discusses several important policy issues related to U.S. international food aid; and the third section describes Administration and congressional proposals intended to change the nature of U.S. food international aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Food Safety Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses pertinent issues for Congress in regards to food safety legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Domestic Food Assistance: Summary of Programs

Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy A. & Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report gives an overview of the federal programs that provide food assistance within the United States and the territories, including a discussion of common concepts and themes across the network of domestic food assistance programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Date: December 29, 2014
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy A.
Description: This report focuses on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and the form and function of benefits. SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program, is designed primarily to increase the food purchasing power of eligible low-income households to help them buy a nutritionally adequate low-cost diet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Recalls and Other FDA Administrative Enforcement Actions

Food Recalls and Other FDA Administrative Enforcement Actions

Date: November 20, 2014
Creator: Lanza, Emily M.
Description: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures the safety of all food except for meat, poultry, and certain egg products over which the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has regulatory oversight. Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the FDA has the authority to regulate the manufacturing, processing, and labeling of food, with the primary goal of promoting food safety. This report focuses on the FDA's statutory authority to initiate the following administrative enforcement actions: inspections, warning letters, recalls, suspension of registration, administrative detention, and related legal issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Farm and Food Support Under USDA's Section 32 Program

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Shields, Dennis A.
Description: "Section 32" is a permanent appropriation that since 1935 has set aside the equivalent of 30% of annual customs receipts to support the farm sector through the purchase of surplus commodities and a variety of other activities. This report first describes how the Section 32 account operates by tracing funds flowing into and out of the account. Second, a more detailed discussion is provided for each type of use, including historical policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP): A Primer on Eligibility and Benefits

Date: October 20, 2014
Creator: Aussenberg, Randy A.
Description: This report focuses on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and the form and function of benefits. SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp Program, is designed primarily to increase the food purchasing power of eligible low-income households to help them buy a nutritionally adequate low-cost diet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA, P.L. 111-353)

Implementation of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA, P.L. 111-353)

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report documents the scheduled timeline for action on selected FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) provisions, as specified in the enacted law, and FDA-reported actions taken to date, based on available FDA press releases and publicly available progress reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: July 23, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Monke, Jim
Description: This report describes the Farm Bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, which was enacted into law on June 18, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Salmon

Genetically Engineered Salmon

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: Upton, Harold F. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report discusses the genetically modified salmon. The term “genetic modification” refers to changes in an organism’s genetic makeup that do not occur in nature. Also, if approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Atlantic salmon would be the first genetically engineered (GE) animal to be marketed in the United States for human consumption.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is the Farm Bill?

What Is the Farm Bill?

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report describes the Farm Bill (P.L. 110-246, Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008), which was enacted into law on June 18, 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Safety Issues for the 113th Congress

Food Safety Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: Congress passed comprehensive food safety legislation in December 2010 (FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), P.L. 111-353), representing the largest expansion and overhaul of U.S. food safety authorities since the 1930s. This report discusses Congress' oversight in regards to FSMA and its interest in several other issues including food safety initiatives covering meat, poultry, and seafood products; legislation intended to curtail the non-medical use of antibiotics in animal feeds and to ban the use of certain plastic components commonly used in food containers; food labeling; stricter food safety enforcement mechanisms; and the use of plant and animal biotechnology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

The Federal Food Safety System: A Primer

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses concerns about food safety, the resources required to ensure food safety, and whether federal food safety laws themselves, first enacted in the early 1900s, have kept pace with the significant changes that have occurred in the food production, processing, and marketing sectors since then.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Food Fraud and "Economically Motivated Adulteration" of Food and Food Ingredients

Date: January 10, 2014
Creator: Johnson, Renée
Description: This report discusses food fraud, or the act of defrauding buyers of food and food ingredients for economic gain. It includes background information, an overview of available data and information repositories related to food fraud, federal activities involving food fraud, and Congressional actions involving food fraud.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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