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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2005
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Animal Identification and Meat Traceability

Date: September 2, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: U.S. animal agriculture is seeking to improve its ability to trace the movement of livestock from their birthplace to slaughter. The livestock and meat industries are working with the U.S. government to develop a national animal identification (ID) plan for livestock disease tracking purposes. This report focuses on animal ID and, to a lesser extent, on meat traceability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: November 8, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: H.R. 2744, USDA’s FY2006 appropriation, again postpones rules requiring many retailers to provide country-of-origin labeling (COOL) for fresh produce, red meats, and peanuts — until September 30, 2008. Mandatory COOL for seafood was finalized on September 30, 2004. Some in Congress still strongly support mandatory COOL, and say they voted against final passage of H.R. 2744 because of the delay. Others counter that COOL should be voluntary. Several pending bills would alter the program including H.R. 2068, H.R. 2744, S. 135, S. 1300, S. 1331, and S. 1333.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Country-of-Origin Labeling for Foods

Date: June 3, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: The 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) as modified by the FY2004 USDA appropriation (P.L. 108-199) mandates retail country-of-origin labeling (COOL) for fresh produce, red meats, and peanuts starting September 30, 2006, and for seafood starting September 30, 2004. Some in Congress still strongly support mandatory COOL, especially after discoveries since 2003 of “mad cow” disease in four Canadian-born cattle. Others counter that COOL is a marketing, not an animal or human health, concern and should be voluntary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Horse Slaughter Prevention Bills and Issues

Horse Slaughter Prevention Bills and Issues

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meat and Poultry Inspection: Background and Selected Issues

Meat and Poultry Inspection: Background and Selected Issues

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Meat and Poultry Inspection Issues

Meat and Poultry Inspection Issues

Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Agricultural Biotechnology: Background and Recent Issues

Date: March 7, 2005
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Description: Since the first genetically engineered (GE) crops (also called GM [genetically modified] crops, or GMOs, genetically modified organisms) became commercially available in the mid-1990s, U.S. soybean, cotton, and corn farmers have rapidly adopted them. As adoption has spread, there have been policy debates over the costs and benefits of GE products. Issues include the impacts of GE crops on the environment and food safety, and whether GE foods should be specially labeled. Congress generally has been supportive of GE agricultural products, although some Members have expressed wariness about their adoption and regulation. The 109th Congress will likely continue to follow trade developments, particularly the U.S.-EU dispute, as well as U.S. regulatory mechanisms for approving biotech foods.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Genetically Engineered Fish and Seafood

Date: July 1, 2005
Creator: Borgatti, Rachel & Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Defense Food Procurement: Background and Status

Department of Defense Food Procurement: Background and Status

Date: July 12, 2005
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: In an effort to reduce costs, adopt commercial practices, and gain technological advantages, the DOD Food Policy Council directed the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (DSCP) to establish a common food management system. Under DLA, DSCP is the inventory control point for food, clothing, textiles, medicines, medical equipment, general and industrial supplies and services for the military, their eligible dependents, and other non-DOD customers worldwide; under DSCP, the Subsistence Directorate serves as the operational manager for all food operations. This report will describe the origin, authority, policy, and military food acquisition process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami:  Food Aid Needs and the U.S. Response

Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami: Food Aid Needs and the U.S. Response

Date: April 8, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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