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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the campaign finance landscape and policy issues that may confront Congress. It includes information about the development of campaign finance law with selected litigation as well as potential policy considerations and emerging issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FinCEN Seeks Shell-Company Transparency

FinCEN Seeks Shell-Company Transparency

Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network's (FinCEN) rules outlining anti-money laundering due diligence requirements. These rules require certain financial institutions to identify and verify beneficial owners of legal entity customers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Lending Act: Timeline, New Rules, and Issues

Military Lending Act: Timeline, New Rules, and Issues

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report briefly discusses new rules under the Military Lending Act (MLA) that change the definition of consumer credit for covered servicemembers and dependents; it will apply to transactions or accounts that are established on or after October 3, 2016. These rules may have an impact on the regulatory burdens for businesses that provide credit products to the military and may also affect military readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: May 24, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of existing Federal Reserve (Fed) oversight and disclosure practices, highlighting recent legislative changes and proposals. It also considers the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report discusses housing finance reform and structural changes enacted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), particularly in relation to government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). It includes sections on GSEs and conservatorship; FHFA reforms broken down into information about risk-sharing transactions, a common securitization platform, and single security; and Congressional action on GSE reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the context and contents of a white paper issued on May 10, 2016 by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The paper analyzes regulatory issues for the marketplace lending industry and offers several recommendations for industry and government responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress

Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes provisions and the policy debate surrounding a number of bills that would affect the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) monetary policy, lender of last resort, and regulatory responsibilities. The Fed's responsibilities as the nation's central bank fall into four main categories: monetary policy, provision of emergency liquidity through the lender of last resort function, supervision of certain types of banks and other financial firms for safety and soundness, and provision of payment system services to financial firms and the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

Date: May 17, 2016
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches, explains how those breaches are carried out, discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV (Europay, MasterCard, and Visa) transition in the United States, and identifies areas of potential Congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Commercial (Depository) Banking and Industry Conditions

Overview of Commercial (Depository) Banking and Industry Conditions

Date: May 3, 2016
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report begins with a general overview of the banking industry. It describes how banks facilitate the financial intermediation process as well as the associated financial risks. It also explains the market structure of the banking industry, referring primarily to the asset distribution. Next, this report summarizes profitability and lending activity levels in the banking industry. Particular attention is paid to metrics related to capitalization levels, asset performance, and earnings of depository banks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of relevant portions of the U.S. corporate income tax system before examining how inversions were commonly structured. It then looks at how Congress and the Department of the Treasury have reduced the benefits of inversions, and concludes with an examination of methods that remain to invert and policy options available to prevent or limit these inversions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Negative Interest Rates

Negative Interest Rates

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: In a few foreign economies, including the euro area, Switzerland, and Japan, central banks have purposely set some short-term interest rates used to carry out monetary policy at negative levels. This report briefly discusses the reasons behind this phenomenon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Nagel, Jared C.
Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Date: March 1, 2016
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses various regulations regarding insider trading violations. Insider trading in securities may occur when a person in possession of material nonpublic information about a company trades in the company's securities and makes a profit or avoids a loss.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Date: February 19, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) comprising nine members, two ex officio members, and other members as appointed by the President representing major departments and agencies within the federal executive branch. While the group generally has operated in relative obscurity, the proposed acquisition of commercial operations at six U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World in 2006 placed the group's operations under intense scrutiny by Members of Congress and the public.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

Date: February 11, 2016
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Nelson, Gabriel M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the consequences of rapid price increases from about mid-2014 to mid-2015 in China's two main stock markets, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Date: February 2, 2016
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses various regulations regarding insider trading violations. Insider trading in securities may occur when a person in possession of material nonpublic information about a company trades in the company's securities and makes a profit or avoids a loss.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Gnanarajah, Raj; Labonte, Marc; Murphy, Edward V. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses regulatory relief legislation for banks in the 114th Congress that has seen floor action or has been ordered to be reported by a committee. Many, but not all, of the bills would make changes to the Dodd-Frank Act (P.L. 111-203), a wide-ranging financial reform enacted in response to the financial crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: January 13, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of existing Federal Reserve (Fed) oversight and disclosure practices. It also considers the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

Date: January 9, 2016
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Nelson, Gabriel M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the background and implications of the rapid price increases experienced in China's two main stock markets, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), from about mid-2014 to mid-2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides a review of the history of Section 13(3) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act; P.L. 111-203), including its use in 2008. It discusses the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) authority under Section 13(3) before and after the Dodd-Frank Act as well as policy issues and legislation to amend Section 13(3).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve Issues Final Rule on Emergency Lending

Federal Reserve Issues Final Rule on Emergency Lending

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report briefly discusses major provisions of the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) Final Rule, governing emergency lending under Section 13(3) of the Federal Reserve Act and implementing Section 1101 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: January 4, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of existing Fed oversight and disclosure practices. It also considers the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Election Commission: Enforcement Process and Selected Issues for Congress

The Federal Election Commission: Enforcement Process and Selected Issues for Congress

Date: December 22, 2015
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides Congress with a resource for understanding the Federal Election Commission's (FEC) enforcement process and context for why enforcement is consequential.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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