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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Date: October 20, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: A September 24, 2014, congressional notification (CN) from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) may reflect a new executive branch approach in assisting the Palestinian Authority (PA) to pay off some of the debts it incurs in providing various benefits and services to West Bank and Gaza residents. The CN indicates that USAID plans to obligate a total of $100 million in FY2014 bilateral economic assistance for the Palestinians toward direct U.S. payments to PA creditors. This report briefly discusses the details and implications of this new alternative method.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Small Business Credit Initiative: Implementation and Funding Issues

State Small Business Credit Initiative: Implementation and Funding Issues

Date: October 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) and its implementation, including Treasury's response to initial program audits conducted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) and Treasury's Office of Inspector General (OIG). The SSBCI provides funding, allocated by formula and distributed in one-third increments, to states, territories, and eligible municipalities (hereinafter referred to as states) to expand existing or create new state small business investment programs, including state capital access programs, collateral support programs, loan participation programs, loan guarantee programs, and venture capital programs.
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Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Date: October 7, 2014
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: This report discusses the nature of multiemployer defined benefit (DB) pension plans, and issues regarding their financial solvency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: A September 24, 2014, congressional notification (CN) from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) may reflect a new executive branch approach in assisting the Palestinian Authority (PA) to pay off some of the debts it incurs in providing various benefits and services to West Bank and Gaza residents. The CN indicates that USAID plans to obligate a total of $100 million in FY2014 bilateral economic assistance for the Palestinians toward direct U.S. payments to PA creditors. This report briefly discusses the details and implications of this new alternative method.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report examines the confluence of factors that led to the rise of dark pools; the potential benefits and costs of such trading; some regulatory and congressional concerns over dark pools; recent regulatory developments by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), which oversees broker-dealers; and some recent lawsuits and enforcement actions garnering significant media attention.
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Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses relevant portions of the U.S. corporate income tax system and how inversions have commonly been structured. It also looks at how Congress and Department of the Treasury have reduced the benefits of inversions, including The American Jobs Creation Act, as well as post-2004 inversions and treasury regulations, and policy options.
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Insurance Regulation: Issues, Background, and Legislation in the 113th Congress

Insurance Regulation: Issues, Background, and Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the legislation in the 113th Congress regarding insurance regulation. Among the insurance regulatory issues addressed by legislation in the 113th Congress are the application of federal orderly liquidation authority to insurers (addressed in H.R. 605); the supervision of some insurers by the Federal Reserve (addressed in H.R. 2140, H.R. 4510, H.R. 5461, S. 2102, and S. 2270); and the licensing of insurance agents and brokers (addressed in S. 534, S. 1926, S. 2244, H.R. 1155/H.R. 1064, and H.R. 4871).
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Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Lanza, Emily M. & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report addresses selected legal issues that may be raised regarding entitlement to Social Security benefits as Congress considers possible changes to the Social Security program in view of projected long-range shortfalls in the Social Security Trust Funds.
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Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses congressional concerns regarding the Financial Stability Oversight Council's (FSOC) authorization to designate certain non-bank entities as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: What Would Happen If the Trust Funds Ran Out?

Social Security: What Would Happen If the Trust Funds Ran Out?

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P.
Description: This report explains what the Social Security trust funds are and how they work. It describes the historical operations of the trust funds and the Social Security trustees' projections of future operations. It explains what could happen if Congress allowed the trust funds to run out. It also analyzes two scenarios that assume Congress waits until the moment of insolvency to act, showing the magnitude of benefit cuts or tax increases needed and how such changes would affect beneficiaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department