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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Date: January 28, 2011
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report describes how the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Trade Organization (WTO) deal with the issue of currency manipulation. It also discusses apparent discrepancies in their charters and ways those differences might be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Currency Manipulation: The IMF and WTO

Date: September 27, 2010
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report describes how the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Trade Organization (WTO) deal with the issue of currency manipulation. It also discusses apparent discrepancies in their charters and ways those differences might be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Capital Markets and International Accounting Standards: GAAP Versus IFRS

U.S. Capital Markets and International Accounting Standards: GAAP Versus IFRS

Date: June 25, 2015
Creator: Gnanarajah, Raj
Description: This report briefly explains the different accounting standards and U.S. capital markets. It examines several International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) policy options Congress might consider and the benefits and challenges of each of those options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sovereign Wealth Funds: Background and Policy Issues for Congress

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Background and Policy Issues for Congress

Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides background on sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) -- investment funds owned and managed by national governments -- including countries operating SWFs and the size of the SWF market. It also discusses broad areas of concern to Members of Congress and the international financial community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security, Saving, and the Economy

Social Security, Saving, and the Economy

Date: January 12, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Description: This report examines the determinants of household saving, how household saving may be affected by Social Security, and the potential effects of possible changes in Social Security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

The Paris Club and International Debt Relief

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Paris Club, a voluntary, informal group of creditor nations who meet approximately 10 times per year and provide debt relief to developing countries. Members of the Paris Club agree to renegotiate and/or reduce official debt owed to them on a case-by-case basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report describes the consequences of foreclosure on homeowners, outlines recent foreclosure prevention plans implemented by the government and private organizations, and discusses the challenges associated with foreclosure prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Date: April 7, 2014
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Weiss, N. E. & Jones, Katie
Description: This report briefly explains the different approaches to housing finance reform offered by several legislative proposals, focusing on efforts to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and to reform the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: How the United States Makes and Implements Policy

Multilateral Development Banks: How the United States Makes and Implements Policy

Date: April 29, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report analyzes how the United States makes policy towards the multilateral development banks (MDBs) and identifies ways by which Congress can shape U.S. policy and influence the activities of the banks themselves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway and Public Transportation Infrastructure Provision Using Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)

Highway and Public Transportation Infrastructure Provision Using Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)

Date: March 5, 2014
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses two broad policy options for Congress as it considers reauthorizing federal surface transportation programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Government Assistance for GMAC/Ally Financial: Unwinding the Government Stake

Date: February 10, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird & Canis, Bill
Description: This report discusses the auto financing industry, particularly Ally Financial, formerly known as General Motors Acceptance Corporation or GMAC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Date: March 3, 2014
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines legislative efforts in Congress to delay the gradual phase-out of subsidized flood insurance premiums, which is required under Sections 100205 and 100207 of P.L. 112-141, the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform and Modernization Act of 2012. This new law extended the authorization for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for five years, through September 30, 2017, while requiring significant program reforms affecting flood insurance, flood hazard mapping, and floodplains management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

Date: December 10, 2012
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of flood risk management, summarizes major challenges facing the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and outlines key reforms in the recently enacted Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012. The report also identifies and presents some key remaining flood management issues for congressional considerations, and it concludes with a discussion of relevant policy options for the future financial management of flood hazards in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The SBA Disaster Loan Program: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

The SBA Disaster Loan Program: Overview and Possible Issues for Congress

Date: July 29, 2010
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Disaster Loan Program, discusses how disaster declarations trigger the SBA loan process, explains the different types of loans potentially available to disaster victims, and discusses terms and restrictions related to each type of loan. The report also explains the SBA disaster loan application process and provides national data on SBA loans from 2000 to 2009, including data related to the Gulf Coast hurricanes since 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Coal Loan Guarantees and Tax Incentives: Issues in Brief

Clean Coal Loan Guarantees and Tax Incentives: Issues in Brief

Date: August 19, 2014
Creator: Folger, Peter & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses certain federal financial incentive mechanisms for "clean coal" commercial projects; namely, loan guarantees and tax incentives. At issue for Congress is the extent to which the private sector has used these financial toolsto develop the technology needed for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions while continuing to use available domestic coal reserves for electricity generation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

The Depreciating Dollar: Economic Effects and Policy Response

Date: July 17, 2008
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report addresses the concern about the health of the U.S. economy regarding the depreciation of the dollar and examines the likely reasons for the dollar's fall, the effects the depreciating currency could have on the economy, and possible policy responses that could be considered to attempt to alter the dollar's path if needed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Preserving Homeownership: Foreclosure Prevention Initiatives

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: Jones, Katie
Description: This report describes the consequences of foreclosure on homeowners, outlines recent foreclosure prevention plans implemented by the government and private organizations, and discusses the challenges associated with foreclosure prevention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Dark Pools in Equity Trading: Policy Concerns and Recent Developments

Date: September 26, 2014
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report examines the confluence of factors that led to the rise of dark pools; the potential benefits and costs of such trading; some regulatory and congressional concerns over dark pools; recent regulatory developments by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), which oversees broker-dealers; and some recent lawsuits and enforcement actions garnering significant media attention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: February 26, 2013
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA). TRIA created a temporary three-year Terrorism Insurance Program in which the government would share some of the losses with private insurers should a foreign terrorist attack occur.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Trust Fund

Social Security: The Trust Fund

Date: July 31, 2014
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn & Sidor, Gary
Description: This report covers how the Social Security program is financed and how the Social Security trust fund works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public-Private Partnerships in Highway and Transit Infrastructure Provision

Public-Private Partnerships in Highway and Transit Infrastructure Provision

Date: July 9, 2008
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of the surface transportation system and its financing needs as background to the debate on public-private partnerships (PPPs). That is followed by sections describing the different types of PPPs, with details of a few prominent examples, and the development of federal legislation with respect to PPPs. The report then discusses the main issues of contention with the construction and longterm leasing of highways by the private sector, particularly as they relate to the funding, planning, and operation of the surface transportation system, before providing some policy options Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: March 30, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Date: January 26, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs) since 2000. It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department