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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Social Security Reform: Legal Analysis of Social Security Benefit Entitlement Issues

Date: July 7, 2013
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Nicola, Thomas J.
Description: This report addresses selected legal issues which may be raised regarding entitlement to Social Security benefits as Congress considers possible changes to the Social Security program, and in view of projected long-range shortfalls in the Social Security Trust Funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tolling of Interstate Highways: Issues in Brief

Tolling of Interstate Highways: Issues in Brief

Date: February 13, 2013
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: In recent years, the revenues flowing into the highway trust fund have been insufficient to maintain even current levels of federal funding for highways. Political resistance to raising the federal fuels tax is high. This report discusses arguments for and against expanding tolling of the Interstate highways as a means of generating needed funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ebbs and Flows of Federal Debt

Ebbs and Flows of Federal Debt

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report will define the measures of debt, discuss the mechanisms of how debt levels change, and use historical examples to illustrate the factors causing debt movements over the last seven decades. In addition, some policies which may affect the future budgetary outlook and the debt will be discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi debt problem in three parts: [1] overview of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime; [2] subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution; [3] possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq's experience. The implications are: a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights; an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions; and an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securities Fraud Class Action Certification: Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.

Securities Fraud Class Action Certification: Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.

Date: August 15, 2014
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses requirements for securities fraud class action certification. The report also specifically examines each of the decisions made in the Halliburton cases, which proceeded through two complete rounds in federal district court, court of appeals, and the Supreme Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: July 29, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Date: October 20, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: A September 24, 2014, congressional notification (CN) from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) may reflect a new executive branch approach in assisting the Palestinian Authority (PA) to pay off some of the debts it incurs in providing various benefits and services to West Bank and Gaza residents. The CN indicates that USAID plans to obligate a total of $100 million in FY2014 bilateral economic assistance for the Palestinians toward direct U.S. payments to PA creditors. This report briefly discusses the details and implications of this new alternative method.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Foreign Direct Investment: Current Issues

Date: July 14, 2008
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of current issues related to foreign direct investment in the economy and the development of U.S. policy toward inward and outward direct investment. This report also assesses the role of foreign direct investment in the economy and the costs and benefits of direct investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxation of Hedge Fund and Private Equity Managers

Taxation of Hedge Fund and Private Equity Managers

Date: March 7, 2014
Creator: Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report discusses the major issues surrounding the tax treatment of hedge fund and private equity managers and will be updated as legislative developments warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Dark Pools" In Equity Trading: Significance and Recent Developments

"Dark Pools" In Equity Trading: Significance and Recent Developments

Date: August 27, 2014
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report discusses "Dark Pools", relatively recent and controversial electronic stock trading alternatives to traditional exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), and now account for about 15% of overall trading volume. The report discusses the pros and cons of "dark trading", civil suits in reaction to Dark Pools and recent Securities and Exchange Commission actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report highlights major international trade and finance issues that the 113th Congress may address. This report presents broader congressional oversight of the economic and political context of the current U.S. participation in the global economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of this tax credit and an analysis of its economic impact. This report is organized to first provide an overview of the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC), followed by a legislative history that highlights the evolution of education tax credits from proposals in the 1960s through the recent extension of the AOTC at the end of 2012. This report then analyzes the credit by looking at who claims the credit, the effect education tax credits have on increasing college attendance, and administrative issues with the AOTC. Finally, this report concludes with a brief overview of various policy options, including tax law changes proposed in Chairman Camp's tax reform bill3 and in the President's FY2015 budget request.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Trust Fund Investment Practices

Social Security: Trust Fund Investment Practices

Date: August 20, 2014
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report describes Social Security trust fund investment practices under current law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Designating Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFIs)

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses congressional concerns regarding the Financial Stability Oversight Council's (FSOC) authorization to designate certain non-bank entities as Systemically Important Financial Institutions (SIFI).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the Housing Finance System in the United States

An Overview of the Housing Finance System in the United States

Date: March 13, 2013
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Jones, Katie & Weiss, N. Eric
Description: This report provides an overview of how the housing finance system works and provides context for housing finance-related policy issues that Congress might choose to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Palestinian Authority: U.S. Payments to Creditors as Alternative to Direct Budgetary Assistance?

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: A September 24, 2014, congressional notification (CN) from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) may reflect a new executive branch approach in assisting the Palestinian Authority (PA) to pay off some of the debts it incurs in providing various benefits and services to West Bank and Gaza residents. The CN indicates that USAID plans to obligate a total of $100 million in FY2014 bilateral economic assistance for the Palestinians toward direct U.S. payments to PA creditors. This report briefly discusses the details and implications of this new alternative method.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: July 24, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Investment in U.S. Securities

Foreign Investment in U.S. Securities

Date: November 18, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report relies on a comprehensive set of data on capital flows, represented by purchases and sales of U.S. government securities and U.S. and foreign corporate stocks, bonds, into and out of the United States, that is reported by the Treasury Department on a monthly basis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The STOCK Act, Insider Trading, and Public Financial Reporting by Federal Officials

The STOCK Act, Insider Trading, and Public Financial Reporting by Federal Officials

Date: April 12, 2013
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report gives an overview of the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act of 2012 (STOCK), which affirms and makes explicit the fact that there is no exemption from the "insider trading" laws and regulations for Members of Congress, congressional employees, or any federal officials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal

Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal

Date: April 8, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the role foreign investment plays in the U.S. economy and an assessment of possible actions a foreign investor or a group of foreign investors might choose to take to liquidate their investments in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

The OECD Initiative on Tax Havens

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and its role in changes to U.S. laws related to bribery, tax havens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Date: February 12, 2013
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of the Federal Reserve and issues for Congress. The Federal Reserve (the Fed) defines monetary policy as the actions it undertakes to influence the availability and cost of money and credit. Because the expectations of market participants play an important role in determining prices and growth, monetary policy can also be defined to include the directives, policies, statements, and actions of the Fed that influence how the future is perceived. In addition, the Fed acts as a "lender of last resort" to the nation's financial system, meaning that it ensures continued smooth functioning of financial intermediation by providing financial markets with adequate liquidity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress

U.S. International Investment Agreements: Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. international investment agreements, focusing specifically on bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and investment chapters in free trade agreements (FTAs). It discusses key trends in U.S. and international investment flows, governance structures for investment at the bilateral and multilateral levels, the goals and basic components of investment provisions in U.S. international investment agreements, the outcomes of the Administration's Model BIT review, and key policy issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department