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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Japanese and U.S. Economic Involvement in Asia and the Pacific: Comparative Data and Analysis

Japanese and U.S. Economic Involvement in Asia and the Pacific: Comparative Data and Analysis

Date: September 27, 1994
Creator: Cronin, Richard P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Date: August 3, 1995
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Banking Crisis: Causes and Probable Effects

Japan's Banking Crisis: Causes and Probable Effects

Date: October 6, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
K-12 Education: Special Forms of Flexibility in the Administration of Federal Aid Programs

K-12 Education: Special Forms of Flexibility in the Administration of Federal Aid Programs

Date: January 10, 2008
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report begins with a review of the general nature of federal K-12 education program requirements, including their sources, purposes, and the concerns expressed by some grantees about them. This is followed by a description of the current special flexibility authorities under which many of these requirements may be waived or otherwise made inapplicable, along with an analysis of issues specific to individual authorities. This section is divided between authorities initially adopted before the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and authorities initiated in that legislation. The report concludes with an analysis of selected cross-cutting issues regarding these special flexibility authorities overall.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Katrina's Wake: Restoring Financial Services

Katrina's Wake: Restoring Financial Services

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Jackson, William D & Miles, Barbara L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Date: April 8, 2010
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market during the Great Depression and the Current Recession

The Labor Market during the Great Depression and the Current Recession

Date: June 19, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report analyzes the labor market experiences of workers during the 1930s, which encompassed the almost five years of the Great Depression. Because it was a period very distant and different from today, considerable time is devoted to examining the employment and unemployment measures available at that time. The report ends by comparing the labor market conditions of the 1930s with those encountered by workers thus far during the recession that began in December 2007.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislation Eliminating the Federal Reserve's Surplus

Legislation Eliminating the Federal Reserve's Surplus

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: The Fed retains some of its profits in a surplus account, which currently has a balance of $29.3 billion. This report discusses H.Amdt. 824 to the highway bill (H.R. 22) and H.R. 3189, which would permanently eliminate the surplus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Leverage Ratios in Bank Capital Requirements

Leverage Ratios in Bank Capital Requirements

Date: October 31, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides a summary of leverage ratios used in bank capital requirements. It also explains the concept of leverage and the rationale behind a leverage ratio.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Controversy

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American comnerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Liability Insurance Crisis

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
LIBOR: Frequently Asked Questions

LIBOR: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: July 16, 2012
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR), which is an estimate of prevailing interest rates in London money market. In particular, it addresses the effects of individual institutions, in response to an admission by Barclays (a British bank) that the bank had submitted false reports to manipulate the index.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limiting Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Portfolio Size

Limiting Fannie Mae's and Freddie Mac's Portfolio Size

Date: October 21, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Eric
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Living Wills": The Legal Regime for Constructing Resolution Plans for Certain Financial Institutions

"Living Wills": The Legal Regime for Constructing Resolution Plans for Certain Financial Institutions

Date: December 4, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: One of the chief objectives of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (DFA) is to promote financial stability within the United States, without the need for emergency governmental assistance to troubled firms. To achieve this goal, the DFA establishes a heightened regulatory regime for certain, generally large "covered financial institutions." A pillar of this heightened regulatory regime is that each covered financial institution must submit "credible" plans to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) detailing how the firm could be quickly resolved in an orderly fashion under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code or other applicable insolvency regime "in the event of a material financial distress or failure." These resolution plans are commonly referred to as "living wills." This report reviews the legal structure of the DFA's living will requirements, pursuant to both DFA Section 165(d) and the regulations and guidance issued jointly by the FRB and FDIC, and explains the August 2014 joint announcement of the FRB and FDIC regarding the inadequacies of the 2013 living wills filed by the 11 largest, most complex financial institutions in the country. This report also examines some of the steps ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Loan Forgiveness for Public Service Employees Under the William D. Ford Direct Loan Program

Loan Forgiveness for Public Service Employees Under the William D. Ford Direct Loan Program

Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: The College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 (CCRAA; P.L. 110-84) establishes a new loan forgiveness provision for borrowers of loans made under the William D. Ford Direct Loan (DL) program who are employed in public service jobs for 10 years during the repayment of their loans. This report provides a brief description of the DL program loan forgiveness provision for public service employees and identifies issues that may be addressed as it is implemented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Date: May 6, 2010
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was established as an independent government corporation under the authority of the Banking Act of 1933, also known as the Glass- Steagall Act (P.L. 73-66, 48 Stat. 162, 12 U.S.C.), to insure bank deposits. The FDIC is funded through insurance assessments collected from its member depository institutions and held in what is now known as the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF). This report begins with an overview of the FDIC, followed by an explanation of the loss exposure and total risk to the DIF. Next, the report discusses issues regarding the setting of deposit insurance premiums and presents changes to the assessment system proposed by the FDIC to address some of the issues. Finally, recent efforts proposed by Congress to support the DIF are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Date: May 24, 2010
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was established as an independent government corporation under the authority of the Banking Act of 1933, also known as the Glass- Steagall Act (P.L. 73-66, 48 Stat. 162, 12 U.S.C.), to insure bank deposits. The FDIC is funded through insurance assessments collected from its member depository institutions and held in what is now known as the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF). This report begins with an overview of the FDIC, followed by an explanation of the loss exposure and total risk to the DIF. Next, the report discusses issues regarding the setting of deposit insurance premiums and presents changes to the assessment system proposed by the FDIC to address some of the issues. Finally, recent efforts proposed by Congress to support the DIF are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Chite, Ralph M & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report discusses the enhancements to the crop insurance and revenue insurance programs that are expected to be considered by the 106th Congress in order to improve the farm financial safety net and preclude the need for ad hoc legislative assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department