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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Staging a Comeback?

Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Staging a Comeback?

Date: January 4, 1995
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exchange-Rate System: Return to Bretton Woods?

The Exchange-Rate System: Return to Bretton Woods?

Date: January 12, 1995
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Description: This report focuses on the exchange-rate system set up at Bretton Woods, its breakdown in the 1970s, the current system of managed floating and, finally, proposals to return part or all the way to a more fixed-rate system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services Trade with Japan

Financial Services Trade with Japan

Date: March 24, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-Benefit Analysis: Issues in Its Use in Regulation

Cost-Benefit Analysis: Issues in Its Use in Regulation

Date: June 28, 1995
Creator: Moore, John L
Description: This report sketches issues underlying broader use of cost-benefit analysis. It focuses on cost-benefit as one of several related frameworks for assessing regulatory actions or policies. Cost-benefit is the broadest of these frameworks, which also include impact assessment, risk assessment, and cost-effectiveness. Which analytical framework is appropriate depends on the regulatory context.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Date: August 3, 1995
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Banking Crisis: Causes and Probable Effects

Japan's Banking Crisis: Causes and Probable Effects

Date: October 6, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Daiwa Bank Problems: Background and Policy Issues

The Daiwa Bank Problems: Background and Policy Issues

Date: November 30, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K; Jackson, William D & Wells, F. Jean
Description: On November 2, 1995, U.S. banking authorities ordered the Daiwa Bank to close its banking operations in the United States, and a 24-count criminal indictment was issued against it. These actions stem from the bank's admission that Toshihide Iguchi, a rogue trader at its New York branch office, had incurred $1.1 billion in losses over eleven years from trading U.S. Treasury securities and that Daiwa managers had "directed that those losses be concealed" from U.S. regulators.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Reserve's Arrangement for Emergency Loans to Japanese Banks

The Federal Reserve's Arrangement for Emergency Loans to Japanese Banks

Date: December 27, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Bank Lending to China

World Bank Lending to China

Date: April 25, 1996
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: Lending to China from the multilateral development banks (MDBs) increased four-fold between 1985 and 1994, from $1.1 billion to $4.3 billion. China is now the MDBs' largest single borrower country. There is considerable debate today, however, whether the MDBs should continue lending to China. In particular, there is sharp debate whether the World Bank should continue making concessional loans to China.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Date: June 17, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Studies have estimated that some of these revisions would cause a decline in demand for houses and significant reduction in house prices--perhaps in excess of 15 percent. These studies, however, presumed a fixed supply of housing; even a limited supply response would greatly decrease predicted asset price effects. Supply response is likely to be large in the long run and not insignificant in the short run. Effects on housing demand might also be mitigated by increases in savings rates and lower interest rates. Thus, effects of the flat tax on housing prices are likely to be limited in the short run and very small in the long run. Rental housing demand, on the other hand, would be encouraged with a shift to a consumption tax base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taxes to Finance Superfund

Taxes to Finance Superfund

Date: September 13, 1996
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

The Role of Risk Analysis and Risk Management in Environmental Protection

Date: December 13, 1996
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Date: April 16, 1997
Creator: Blodgett, John E
Description: A recurring issue in environmental policy is the cost of pollution control imposed on individuals, businesses, and government. To inform policymakers about these costs, a number of surveys and analyses have been conducted over the years. consistent, basic sources have been an annual survey of costs to manufacturers, conducted by the Bureau of Census(BOC), and an annual analysis of total costs, prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis(BEA). Overall, the BEA analysis showed the nation spent $122 billion for pollution abatement and control in 1994, or about 1.76% of Gross Domestic Product. Personal consumption expenditures for pollution control were $22 billion, government 435 billion, and business $65 billion. These 1994 data represent the end of the annual series; the BOC survey and BEA analysis have been discontinued
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund

Wildlife Restoration Projects Fund

Date: May 2, 1997
Creator: Talley, Louis Alan
Description: Since 1937, a cooperative program between the federal and state governments has existed for wildlife restoration. This program provides federal grants-in-aid to state agencies for conservation through land and water management for wild birds and mammals. While up to 8% of the collected revenues from excise taxes dedicated to the program may be retained by the federal government for administration, all remaining funds are apportioned to the states and territories for use either in wildlife restoration or hunter safety and education programs. Wildlife restoration programs receive all funds generated from the excise tax on firearms other than pistols and revolvers and all funds collected from shells and cartridges. Additionally, one-half of the excise taxes collected from pistols, revolvers, and archery equipment goes for wildlife restoration purposes. Hunter safety and education programs are funded from the remaining half of excise taxes collected on pistols, revolvers, and archery equipment. The states have been authorized by law to use hunter safety and education funds for wildlife restoration projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Roads: Construction and Financing

Forest Roads: Construction and Financing

Date: July 16, 1997
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Financing Reform: Lessons from the 1983 Amendments

Social Security Financing Reform: Lessons from the 1983 Amendments

Date: July 24, 1997
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Date: September 26, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: October 23, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the Multilateral Development Banks

China and the Multilateral Development Banks

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: Congress is currently considering appropriations for U.S. contributions to the World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) as well as separate legislation that would require U.S. representatives to these institutions to oppose all concessional loans to China. This report provides a brief analysis of China’s relationship with the MDBs to highlight some issues and help Members of Congress, congressional staff, and observers better understand the context for the current debates in Congress and the multilateral agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the Multilateral Development Banks

China and the Multilateral Development Banks

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: Congress is currently considering appropriations for U.S. contributions to the World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) as well as separate legislation that would require U.S. representatives to these institutions to oppose all concessional loans to China. This report provides a brief analysis of China’s relationship with the MDBs to highlight some issues and help Members of Congress, congressional staff, and observers better understand the context for the current debates in Congress and the multilateral agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY1998 USDA Budget and Appropriations: Domestic Food Programs

FY1998 USDA Budget and Appropriations: Domestic Food Programs

Date: November 18, 1997
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Private Mortgage Insurance: Cancellation Options

Private Mortgage Insurance: Cancellation Options

Date: December 17, 1997
Creator: Foote, Bruce E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Proposed Quota Increase: Issues for Congress

The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Proposed Quota Increase: Issues for Congress

Date: January 16, 1998
Creator: Wertman, Patricia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department