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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Puerto Rico and Health Care Finance: Frequently Asked Questions

Puerto Rico and Health Care Finance: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report provides answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Puerto Rico's health care system, including how federal health care programs (Medicare, Medicaid, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program [CHIP]) and private health insurance requirements apply to Puerto Rico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs) since 2000. It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides background on the the Financial Stability Board's (FSB) designation process for systemically significant financial institutions, but takes no position on any potential benefits or shortcomings of that process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Nelson, Gabriel M.
Description: China's two main stock markets, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), experienced rapid price increases from about mid-2014 to mid-2015. However, from June 12 to July 7, 2015, the Shanghai and Shenzhen Composite Indices fell by 32% and 40%, respectively. This report briefly examines this volatility and the Chinese government's response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

"Regulatory Relief" for Banking: Selected Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: October 15, 2015
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Gnanarajah, Raj; Labonte, Marc; Murphy, Edward V. & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report discusses regulatory relief legislation for banks in the 114th Congress that, at the time this report was published, has seen floor action or has been ordered to be reported by a committee. Many, but not all, of the bills would make changes to the Dodd-Frank Act (P.L. 111-203), wide ranging financial reform enacted in response to the financial crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Treasury Issues Debt

How Treasury Issues Debt

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Driessen, Grant A.
Description: This report examines Treasury's debt management practices, focusing on the auction process, how prices and interest rates of securities are determined, and the role of market participants in the process. It also addresses the role of debt plays in influencing present and future budget outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges

Date: September 25, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses multiple challenges the government of Puerto Rico faces in the fall of 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations. The Puerto Rican government outlined a medium-term strategy to address those challenges in a fiscal plan put forth in mid-September 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Debates over Exchange Rates: Overview and Issues for Congress

Current Debates over Exchange Rates: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report provides information on current debates over exchange rates in the global economy. It offers an overview of how exchange rates work; analyzes specific disagreements and debates; and examines existing frameworks for potentially addressing currency disputes. It also lays out some policy options available to Congress, should Members want to take action on exchange rate issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Election in Greece

Election in Greece

Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses issues leading up to Greece's snap legislative election on September 20, only eight months after the country's last election. Greece continues to struggle with the negative repercussions of a sovereign debt and financial crisis that began in 2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

The EMV Chip Card Transition: Background, Status, and Issues for Congress

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches and the impact of EMV (Europay, MasterCard, and Visa) chip cards on fraud. It provides information about the effect of the transition in selected foreign countries and discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV transition in the United States. It also identifies areas of potential congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Federal Reserve: Emergency Lending

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides a review of the history of Section 13(3) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act; P.L. 111-203), including its use in 2008. It discusses the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) authority under Section 13(3) before and after the Dodd-Frank Act. It then discusses policy issues and legislation to amend Section 13(3).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2015 Appropriations

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2015 Appropriations

Date: August 28, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Greek Debt Crisis: Overview and Implications for the United States

The Greek Debt Crisis: Overview and Implications for the United States

Date: August 19, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.; Belkin, Paul & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the Greek dept crisis, including developments through July 2015 when questions about Greece's future in the Eurozone resurfaced and emergency negotiations resulted in a third financial assistance program for Greece. It also discusses potential implications of the crisis for the U.S. economy and U.S.-European cooperation on broader strategic and economic cooperation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Puerto Rico's public finances. Puerto Rico faces several fiscal hurdles in 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency Devaluation

China's Currency Devaluation

Date: August 17, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report discusses China's recent changes to its method for determining the value of its currency (the renminbi). On Tuesday, August 11, 2015, the People's Bank of China (PBC), China's central bank, surprised global financial markets by lowering the reference rate of the renminbi, effectively depreciating the currency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Multiemployer Defined Benefit (DB) Pension Plans: A Primer and Analysis of Policy Options

Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: This report discusses the nature of multiemployer defined benefit (DB) pension plans, and issues regarding their financial solvency. DB pension plans are sponsored by more than one employer and maintained as part of a collective bargaining agreement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit

Date: July 17, 2015
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. balance of payments, an explanation of the broader role of capital flows in the U.S. economy, an explanation of how the country finances its trade deficit or a trade surplus, and the implications for Congress and the country of the large inflows of capital from abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

Date: July 13, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act (DRIVE Act; S. 1647). The DRIVE Act would authorize $278 billion for a six-year federal highway program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crisis in Greece: Political Implications

Crisis in Greece: Political Implications

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report briefly discusses the political crisis resulting from what began as a debt crisis in Greece in late 2009. Many analysts believe that this political crisis could represent the most significant setback in over 60 years of European integration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Crisis in Greece: Political Implications

Crisis in Greece: Political Implications

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses political and economic conditions in Greece. What began as a debt crisis in Greece in late 2009 has evolved into a political crisis that many analysts believe could represent the most significant setback in over 60 years of European integration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Puerto Rico's Current Fiscal Challenges: In Brief

Date: July 7, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses the current state of Puerto Rico's public finances. Puerto Rico faces several fiscal hurdles in 2015. Concerns regarding the sustainability of Puerto Rico's public finances have intensified over the past year, despite several measures taken by the island's government to reduce spending, increase revenues, and restructure its obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Crisis in Greece

Economic Crisis in Greece

Date: June 29, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the current economic situation in Greece. Questions about whether Greece will stay in the Eurozone have resurfaced, as the government's stalemate with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Eurozone creditors has reached a critical point.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Capital Markets and International Accounting Standards: GAAP Versus IFRS

U.S. Capital Markets and International Accounting Standards: GAAP Versus IFRS

Date: June 25, 2015
Creator: Gnanarajah, Raj
Description: This report briefly explains the different accounting standards and U.S. capital markets. It examines several International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) policy options Congress might consider and the benefits and challenges of each of those options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Date: June 18, 2015
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: Insider trading in securities may occur when a person in possession of material nonpublic information about a company trades in the company's securities and makes a profit or avoids a loss. This report discusses various regulations regarding insider trading violations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department