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 Decade: 1980-1989
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Glass-Steagall Act: Commercial vs. Investment Banking

Glass-Steagall Act: Commercial vs. Investment Banking

Date: June 29, 1987
Creator: Jackson, William D.
Description: This report discusses debate over reform of the Nation's financial structure in the 100th Congress includes re-examination of "the separation of banking and commerce." This separation was mandated by the Glass-Steagall Act (part of the Banking Act of 1933); and was carried forward into the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended in 1970 and thereafter. The resulting isolation of banking from securities was designed to (1) maintain the integrity of the banking system; (2) prevent self-dealing and other financial abuses; and (3) limit stock market speculation. By half a century later, the "wall" it created seemed to be crumbling, as bankers created new financial products resembling securities, and securities firms innovated new financial products resembling loans and deposits. The ongoing process of "financial deregulation" has evoked calls for Congress to give depository institutions new powers, especially in the securities field. Financial deregulation in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Japan has put additional pressure on Congress to re-examine this Act. Concerns over a seemingly fragile system of depository institutions persist, however, tending to place counter-pressure on Congress to maintain the Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bankruptcy and Business Failure Data

Bankruptcy and Business Failure Data

Date: August 20, 1982
Creator: Scott, Oscar
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide statistical data on the actual number of businesses that are filing for bankruptcy or ceasing operations. Tabular data of both a historical and current nature concerning business failures and bankruptcies is provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Date: April 29, 1988
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Trade and Current Account Balances: Statistics

Date: April 29, 1988
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve Membership and Monetary Control

Federal Reserve Membership and Monetary Control

Date: January 12, 1981
Creator: White, Roger
Description: This report discusses the current state of monetary policy. Questions about the continued capability of the Federal Reserve System (FRS) to exercise effective monetary control were raised in connection with several developments over recent years that diminished, in relative terms, the deposit component of the stock of money over which the FRS maintained reserve requirement controls. The Monetary Control Act, Title 1 of P.L. 96-221 was designed to ensure that the FRS as ability to conduct monetary policy is not diminished. This Act, signed into law on Mar. 31, 1980, is one of the few major amendments to the original Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Sensitivity of Small Businesses to Interest Rates: A Cross-Sectional View

The Sensitivity of Small Businesses to Interest Rates: A Cross-Sectional View

Date: May 26, 1982
Creator: McCalip, Bernevia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

The General Motors-Toyota Joint Venture and Its Competitive Implications

Date: July 13, 1983
Creator: Bass, Gwenell L
Description: This report reviews the economics of joint ventures by focusing on their implication for market competition. It also reviews the legislative history of mergers and joint ventures with special emphasis on aspects of the law that are directed at reducing market concentration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Bank Failures: Recent Trends and Policy Options

Date: July 14, 1987
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: During the 1980s the U.S. banking industry has experienced a rapidly growing number of failures. Many factors have contributed to this trend including deregulation, technology, individual bank management, and economic conditions. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) handles insured bank failures. Congress has been monitoring the recent trend and is concerned with the FDIC’s ability to continue to perform its supervisory and insurance operations. The present situation, information on key factors affecting the banking industry, and the FDIC’s role when a bank fails is discussed in this report. The reference section of this issue brief contains a list of CRS products providing background on the FDIC and legislative issues relevant to the agency.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets

Exchange Rates: The Dollar in International Markets

Date: April 17, 1987
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: Mainstream economic theory suggests that U.S. budget deficit was the main cause of the dollar appreciation between 1980 and early 1985. The high budget deficit forced the U.S. Government to compete against the private sector for available savings, raising interest rates in the United States. In response, net capital inflows to the United States increased, the demand for dollars on the foreign exchange market went up, and the dollar appreciated. Restrictive budgets and loose monetary policies abroad, both of which kept interest rates low abroad, also contributed to the dollar’s appreciation on over this period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department