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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Effects of Flat Taxes and Other Proposals on Housing: An Overview

Date: June 17, 1996
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: Studies have estimated that some of these revisions would cause a decline in demand for houses and significant reduction in house prices--perhaps in excess of 15 percent. These studies, however, presumed a fixed supply of housing; even a limited supply response would greatly decrease predicted asset price effects. Supply response is likely to be large in the long run and not insignificant in the short run. Effects on housing demand might also be mitigated by increases in savings rates and lower interest rates. Thus, effects of the flat tax on housing prices are likely to be limited in the short run and very small in the long run. Rental housing demand, on the other hand, would be encouraged with a shift to a consumption tax base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Date: February 1, 1999
Creator: Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses the implications of cost-benefit analysis and risk assessment in the context of congressional and administrative decision-making structures. It identifies constraints on flexible decision-making and some implications of trying to overcome them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Date: April 16, 1997
Creator: Blodgett, John E
Description: A recurring issue in environmental policy is the cost of pollution control imposed on individuals, businesses, and government. To inform policymakers about these costs, a number of surveys and analyses have been conducted over the years. consistent, basic sources have been an annual survey of costs to manufacturers, conducted by the Bureau of Census(BOC), and an annual analysis of total costs, prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis(BEA). Overall, the BEA analysis showed the nation spent $122 billion for pollution abatement and control in 1994, or about 1.76% of Gross Domestic Product. Personal consumption expenditures for pollution control were $22 billion, government 435 billion, and business $65 billion. These 1994 data represent the end of the annual series; the BOC survey and BEA analysis have been discontinued
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exchange-Rate System: Return to Bretton Woods?

The Exchange-Rate System: Return to Bretton Woods?

Date: January 12, 1995
Creator: Reifman, Alfred
Description: This report focuses on the exchange-rate system set up at Bretton Woods, its breakdown in the 1970s, the current system of managed floating and, finally, proposals to return part or all the way to a more fixed-rate system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fair Trade in Financial Services: Legislation and the GATT

Fair Trade in Financial Services: Legislation and the GATT

Date: March 10, 1994
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Cox, William A
Description: This report discusses the federal debt, which quintupled from FY1980 to FY1995 and went from 26% to 50% of GDP. The report examines changing ideas in regards to what segment of the population most feels the effects of growing government debt, and how its effects manifest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Reserve's Arrangement for Emergency Loans to Japanese Banks

The Federal Reserve's Arrangement for Emergency Loans to Japanese Banks

Date: December 27, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: May 7, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services Trade with Japan

Financial Services Trade with Japan

Date: March 24, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Japan as Number One

Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.: Japan as Number One

Date: August 2, 1993
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department