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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Financial Market Supervision: Canada's Perspective

Financial Market Supervision: Canada's Perspective

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of Canada's financial system and its supervisory framework and draws some distinctions between that system and the current U.S. framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

Date: September 19, 2013
Creator: Stern, Charles V. & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides analysis of Corps supplemental funding. Its focus is recent decades of supplemental funding provided directly to the Corps, and it does not include extensive analysis of regular Corps appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Climate Change Funding from FY2008 to FY2014

Federal Climate Change Funding from FY2008 to FY2014

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.; Lattanzio, Richard K. & Bruner, Emily
Description: This report summarizes direct federal funding identified as climate change-related from FY2008 enacted funding through FY2013 and the FY2014 request (as well as a less consistent series beginning with FY2001). It reports the Administration's estimates of tax revenues not received due to energy tax provisions that may reduce GHG emissions. The report briefly identifies the programs and funding levels, as well as some qualifications and observations on reporting of federal funding. It further offers some issues that Members may wish to consider in deliberating on U.S. climate change strategies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

Date: August 3, 2011
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: This report provides an overview of the issues and options that have been raised during prior consideration of proposals for an amendment to the constitution regarding the balancing of the U.S. government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Have Small Banks Been Affected by Financial Reform?

How Have Small Banks Been Affected by Financial Reform?

Date: May 14, 2015
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report briefly summarizes a CRS analysis of major rules issued since 2010 by banking regulators pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

Date: July 13, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act (DRIVE Act; S. 1647). The DRIVE Act would authorize $278 billion for a six-year federal highway program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Securities Transactions Tax: Brief Analytic Overview with Revenue Estimates

A Securities Transactions Tax: Brief Analytic Overview with Revenue Estimates

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report briefly discusses recent STT (Securities Transactions Tax) proposals, summarizes the possible effects on financial market volatility and speculation, and provides estimates of the potential revenue effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treasury Securities and the U.S. Sovereign Credit Default Swap Market

Treasury Securities and the U.S. Sovereign Credit Default Swap Market

Date: July 25, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report explains how the sovereign credit default swap (CDS) market works and how such CDS price trends may illuminate fiscal stresses facing sovereign governments. Although CDS prices may be imperfect measures of the federal government's fiscal condition, some investors may try to glean information from those price trends. CDS prices have been playing an important role in the European government debt markets and could potentially affect U.S debt markets in the future. European policymakers have debated certain restrictions on types of sovereign CDS trading, and such calls for reform may be of interest to U.S. lawmakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Is Systemic Risk? Does It Apply to Recent JP Morgan Losses?

What Is Systemic Risk? Does It Apply to Recent JP Morgan Losses?

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: Systemic risk refers to the possibility that the financial system as a whole might become unstable, rather than the health of individual market participants. Stable financial systems do not transmit or magnify shocks to the broader economy. A firm, person, government, financial utility, or policy might create systemic risk if (1) its failure causes other failures in a domino effect; (2) news about its assets signals that others with similar assets may also be distressed, called contagion; (3) it contributes to fire sales during price declines; or (4) its absence prevents other firms from using an essential service, called critical functions. This report discusses how systemic risk may apply to JP Morgan's recent losses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorization of the Export-Import Bank: Issues and Policy Options for Congress

Reauthorization of the Export-Import Bank: Issues and Policy Options for Congress

Date: January 1, 2012
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report provides background information and potential issues and options for Congress relating to the reauthorization of Ex-Im Bank. The scope of this report is limited to Ex-Im Bank reauthorization issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity: Pandemic Flu, Terrorism, and Other Challenges

Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity: Pandemic Flu, Terrorism, and Other Challenges

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report outlines the financial sector's recovery plans for two kinds of disasters: the inability to conduct transactions and large losses of asset value. The basic function of the payment system is carried out by banks, and monetary policy affects banks immediately. Because brokers, exchanges, secondary market facilities, and insurance companies carry out crucial financial functions, their regulators and trade associations are involved in continuity of operations planning for contingencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report provides an overview of key provisions related to the Small Business Administration (SBA), based on appropriations in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

Date: January 30, 1984
Creator: Dernburg, Thomas F
Description: This paper reviews the causes of the steep interest rate escalation since 1978 and the persistence of high rates during the recent recession and revival.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

High Interest Rates: Causes and Effects

Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Leisenring, Carol
Description: This report describes the major market and policy forces that determine the general level of interest rates. The discussion is related to the recent economic experience of high interest rates and inflation, but may be generally applied to any economic environment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Summary of Actions in Support of Housing and Financial Markets

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Summary of Actions in Support of Housing and Financial Markets

Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Gonzales, Oscar R. & Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in support of housing and financial markets, including: a temporary increase in deposit insurance as required by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-343), the resolution of bank failures, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP), and efforts to reduce foreclosures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs) since 2000. It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Analysis of a Mortgage Foreclosure Moratorium

Economic Analysis of a Mortgage Foreclosure Moratorium

Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward Vincent
Description: This report discusses the legislation that creates a voluntary program to enable troubled mortgage borrowers and lenders to refinance their loans through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

Date: April 7, 2000
Creator: Makinen, Gail E.
Description: This report discusses the burden of a national debt and who bears that burden, which is a matter of Congressional concern since the gross national debt of the United States stands at some $5.5 trillion dollars.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2015 Appropriations

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2015 Appropriations

Date: August 28, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Nelson, Gabriel M.
Description: China's two main stock markets, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), experienced rapid price increases from about mid-2014 to mid-2015. However, from June 12 to July 7, 2015, the Shanghai and Shenzhen Composite Indices fell by 32% and 40%, respectively. This report briefly examines this volatility and the Chinese government's response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides background on the the Financial Stability Board's (FSB) designation process for systemically significant financial institutions, but takes no position on any potential benefits or shortcomings of that process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance

Campaign Finance

Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: This report discusses campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today's paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences

Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences

Date: July 17, 2007
Creator: Moteff, John
Description: This report is meant to support congressional oversight by discussing, in more detail, what this task entails and issues that need to be addressed. In particular, the report defines terms (e.g., threat, vulnerability, and risk), discusses how they fit together in a systematic analysis, describes processes and techniques that have been used to assess them, and discusses how the results of that analysis can inform resource allocation and policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Garret, R. S.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department