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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Investment Agreements (IIAs): Frequently Asked Questions

International Investment Agreements (IIAs): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 15, 2015
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.; Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Murrill, Brandon J. & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about international investment agreements (IIAs) made between the United States and other countries. Questions are categorized in three main areas: background and context; U.S. international investment agreements; and investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Investment Agreements (IIAs): Frequently Asked Questions

International Investment Agreements (IIAs): Frequently Asked Questions

Date: May 5, 2015
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.; Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Murrill, Brandon J. & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about international investment agreements (IIAs) made between the United States and other countries. Questions are categorized in three main areas: background and context; U.S. international investment agreements; and investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 21, 2013
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report evaluates the purpose, membership, financing, and focus of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) activities. It also discusses the role of Congress in shaping U.S. policy at the IMF and concludes by addressing key issues, both legislative and oversight-related, that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 17, 2014
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report evaluates the purpose, membership, financing, and focus of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) activities. It also discusses the role of Congress in shaping U.S. policy at the IMF and concludes by addressing key issues, both legislative and oversight-related, that Congress may wish to consider, including: the role of the IMF as a lender of last resort; the adequacy of IMF resources; and the effectiveness of IMF surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report evaluates the purpose, membership, financing, and focus of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) activities. It also discusses the role of Congress in shaping U.S. policy at the IMF and concludes by addressing key issues, both legislative and oversight-related, that Congress may wish to consider, including: the role of the IMF as a lender of last resort; the adequacy of IMF resources; and the effectiveness of IMF surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 19, 2011
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report evaluates the purpose, membership, financing, and focus of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) activities. It also discusses the role of Congress in shaping U.S. policy at the IMF and concludes by addressing key issues, both legislative and oversight-related, that Congress may wish to consider, including: the role of the IMF as a lender of last resort; the adequacy of IMF resources; and the effectiveness of IMF surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Proposed Quota Increase: Issues for Congress

The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) Proposed Quota Increase: Issues for Congress

Date: January 16, 1998
Creator: Wertman, Patricia A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

Date: February 1, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report provides information about the reforms, Congress's role in the reform process, and how the reforms could affect U.S. interests at the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

International Trade and Finance: Key Policy Issues for the 113th Congress, Second Session

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report highlights major international trade and finance issues that the 113th Congress may address. This report presents broader congressional oversight of the economic and political context of the current U.S. participation in the global economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Introduction to Financial Services: International Supervision

Introduction to Financial Services: International Supervision

Date: February 10, 2015
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the financial crisis of 2007-2008 and subsequent global economic turmoil that underscored the interconnectedness of the global financial system as well as its weaknesses. In the wake of the crisis, leaders from the United States and other countries have pursued a wide range of reforms to the international financial regulatory system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Investing Social Security Funds in the Stock Market: Some Economic Considerations

Investing Social Security Funds in the Stock Market: Some Economic Considerations

Date: April 12, 2005
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: Iraq’s public debt was estimated to be US$120.2 billion in nominal value as of the end of 2004. The debt owed to Paris Club creditors as of December 31, 2004, was estimated to be US$38.9 billion. The U.S. share of this amount is around $4 billion. Non-Paris Club countries, mostly Persian Gulf countries, are owed around $60 - $65 billion. The remaining debts are to private commercial creditors. Iraqi debt relief is a high priority for both the President and Congress (H.R. 2482). This report will discuss efforts to implement Iraqi debt relief and highlight some policy concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Date: July 16, 2003
Creator: Waterhouse, Michael & Smith, Carolyn C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Date: September 24, 2003
Creator: Waterhouse, Michael & Smith, Carolyn C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Iraq Reconstruction Resources: Fact Sheet

Date: November 23, 2004
Creator: Waterhouse, Michael & Smith, Carolyn C
Description: This fact sheet provides Internet links to the federal agencies or departments currently involved in the contracting process, along with their specific Iraq reconstruction programs underway or proposed. It provides overview information on federal agency contract solicitations, application procedures, and contact information where appropriate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: October 2, 2008
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi debt problem in three parts: [1] overview of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime; [2] subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution; [3] possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq's experience. The implications are: a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights; an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions; and an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq’s Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq’s Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: March 29, 2011
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi debt problem in three parts: [1] overview of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime; [2] subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution; [3] possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq's experience. The implications are: a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights; an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions; and an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report discusses the Iraqi debt problem in three parts: (1) an overview of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime, (2) subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution, and (3) possible implications for future international debt relief cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Iraq's Debt Relief: Procedure and Potential Implications for International Debt Relief

Date: April 21, 2006
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: This report proceeds in three parts. The first provides a snapshot of the Iraq debt situation following the ouster of the Saddam regime. The second discusses subsequent debt relief negotiations and their resolution. The third presents three possible implications for future debt relief cases that arise from Iraq’s experience. They are: (1) a willingness by the international community to grant a stay on the enforcement of creditor rights, (2) an increased flexibility in Paris Club debt relief decisions, and (3) an unwillingness by successor regimes to claim that their debt is odious and repudiate it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is the U.S. Trade Deficit Caused by a Global Saving Glut?

Is the U.S. Trade Deficit Caused by a Global Saving Glut?

Date: November 4, 2005
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the concern about the size of the current U.S. account deficit, popularly known as the trade deficit. Also compares and analyzes the conventional view with the global saving glut view.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: November 30, 2010
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report discusses Islamic finance, which is based on principles of shariah, or "Islamic law." Major financial principles of shariah are a ban on interest, a ban on contractual uncertainty, adherence to risk-sharing and profit-sharing, promotion of ethical investments that enhance society, and asset-backing. While the Islamic finance industry represents a fraction of the global finance market, it has grown at double-digit rates in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: The international market for Islamic finance has grown between 10% to 15% annually in recent years. Islamic finance historically has been concentrated in the Persian Gulf countries, but has expanded globally to both Muslim and non-Muslim countries. There is a small but growing market for Islamic finance in the United States. Through international and domestic regulatory bodies, there has been effort to standardize regulations in Islamic finance across different countries and financial institutions, although challenges remain. Critics of Islamic finance express concerns about possible ties between Islamic finance and political agendas or terrorist financing and the use of Islamic finance to circumvent U.S. economic sanctions. Proponents argue that Islamic finance presents significant new business opportunities and provides alternate methods for capital formation and economic development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report discusses Islamic finance, which is based on principles of shariah, or "Islamic law." Major financial principles of shariah are a ban on interest, a ban on contractual uncertainty, adherence to risk-sharing and profit-sharing, promotion of ethical investments that enhance society, and asset-backing. While the Islamic finance industry represents a fraction of the global finance market, it has grown at double-digit rates in recent years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues in Consumer Bankruptcy Reform

Issues in Consumer Bankruptcy Reform

Date: July 24, 2001
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department