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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Cox, William A
Description: This report discusses the federal debt, which quintupled from FY1980 to FY1995 and went from 26% to 50% of GDP. The report examines changing ideas in regards to what segment of the population most feels the effects of growing government debt, and how its effects manifest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Natural Resources: Assessing Nonmarket Values through Contingent Valuation

Natural Resources: Assessing Nonmarket Values through Contingent Valuation

Date: June 21, 1999
Creator: Breedlove, Joseph & Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Russian Financial Crisis: An Analysis of Trends, Causes, and Implications

The Russian Financial Crisis: An Analysis of Trends, Causes, and Implications

Date: February 18, 1999
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Environmental, Health, and Safety Tradeoffs: A Discussion of Policymaking Opportunities and Constraints

Date: February 1, 1999
Creator: Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses the implications of cost-benefit analysis and risk assessment in the context of congressional and administrative decision-making structures. It identifies constraints on flexible decision-making and some implications of trying to overcome them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Managing Farm Risk in a New Policy Era

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Chite, Ralph M & Jickling, Mark
Description: This report discusses the enhancements to the crop insurance and revenue insurance programs that are expected to be considered by the 106th Congress in order to improve the farm financial safety net and preclude the need for ad hoc legislative assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Credit Union Common Bond Ruling: NCUA v. First National Bank and Trust Co._U.S._ (No. 96-843)

Credit Union Common Bond Ruling: NCUA v. First National Bank and Trust Co._U.S._ (No. 96-843)

Date: August 13, 1998
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: On February 25, 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that federal credit unions may not consist of more than one occupational group having a single common bond. On April 1, the House passed H.R. 1151 (H.Rept. 105-472), which grandfathers existing credit unions and sets standards for future multi-group credit unions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking and Finance: Legislative Initiatives in the 105th Congress, Second Session

Banking and Finance: Legislative Initiatives in the 105th Congress, Second Session

Date: August 10, 1998
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Wells, F. J.
Description: This report reviews major banking and finance issues that are receiving congressional attention in the 2nd session of the 105th Congress. It will be updated periodically to reflect legislative developments. Relevant CRS products are referenced.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking and Finance: Legislative Initiatives in the 105th Congress, Second Session

Banking and Finance: Legislative Initiatives in the 105th Congress, Second Session

Date: August 10, 1998
Creator: Shorter, Gary & Wells, F. J.
Description: This report reviews major banking and finance issues that are receiving congressional attention in the 2nd session of the 105th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 2183 (Hutchison -Allen), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Campaign Finance Bills in the 105th Congress: Comparison of H.R. 2183 (Hutchison -Allen), H.R. 3526 (Shays-Meehan), and Current Law

Date: July 22, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: As pledged by Speaker Gingrich, the House renewed consideration of campaign finance reform in May 1998. The principal bill is H.R. 2183, known as the freshman bipartisan bill, introduced July 17, 1997, by Messrs. Hutchinson and Allen. Selected floor amendments and substitutes will be in order. The legislation that has generated the most publicity in the 105th Congress has been the McCain-Feingold bill (S. 25), offered on March 19, 1998, as H.R. 3526 by Messrs. Shays and Meehan;1 this has also been offered as substitute amendment no. 13 to H.R. 2183 in the current debate. Table 1 highlights key differences between the two bills, and Table 2 summarizes and compares H.R. 2183, H.R. 3526, and current law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securities Litigation Reform: Unfinished Business?

Securities Litigation Reform: Unfinished Business?

Date: July 14, 1998
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Are High Interest Rates a Threat to Sustained Economic Recovery?

Are High Interest Rates a Threat to Sustained Economic Recovery?

Date: June 15, 1998
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: A major question that arises in Congress during its considerations of what policies promote and what inhibit the restoration of a healthy economy is the influence that interest rates exert. In particular, are high interest rates a threat to sustained economic recovery?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Debate in the House: Substitute Amendments to H.R. 2183 (105th Congress)

Campaign Finance Debate in the House: Substitute Amendments to H.R. 2183 (105th Congress)

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: This report provides a summary and comparison of the 11 substitute amendments to H.R. 2183, a campaign finance reform bill offered by Representatives Hutchinson and Allen, that, under H. Res. 442, will be in order for consideration by the House. The House began consideration of the bill and these substitute amendments (as well as additional perfecting amendments) on May 21, 1998. This report is intended for use by House Members and staff in preparation for and during House debate and assumes basic familiarity with the underlying issues. It may be updated to reflect further legislative actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Highway Funding, the States, and New Air Quality Standards

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Bearden, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Restructuring Electricity Markets, Public Power, and Tax-Exempt Bonds: An Economic Analysis

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Consumer Proposals in the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1998: H.R. 3150, 105th Congress, 2d Session (1998)

Consumer Proposals in the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1998: H.R. 3150, 105th Congress, 2d Session (1998)

Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report considers the legislative history of the current consumer bankruptcy scheme. It examines current consumer bankruptcy practice and surveys the consumer proposals set forth in Title I of H.R. 3150, with an emphasis on the likely impact of the bill on family support obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Social Security Issues

Current Social Security Issues

Date: May 21, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: Social Security is the focus of intense public interest. Projected long-range funding problems, public skepticism about its future, and a growing perception that Social Security will not be as good a value for future retirees as it is today are fueling calls for reform. This report discusses a number of the major Social Security issues currently drawing congressional attention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uniform Standards in Private Securities Litigation: Limitations on Shareholder Lawsuits

Uniform Standards in Private Securities Litigation: Limitations on Shareholder Lawsuits

Date: May 20, 1998
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking Acquisition and Merger Procedures

Banking Acquisition and Merger Procedures

Date: May 19, 1998
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: This report discusses in general terms the basic process and time line for banking industry acquisitions and mergers and briefly discusses the May 4, 1998 application by Travelers Group to merge with Citicorp. Among the issues discussed are: potential impact on consumers; whether the new entities would be too big to fail; and, whether competitive equity calls for financial modernization legislation with functional regulation of the securities, banking, and insurance sectors of companies offering customers a full range of financial products and services. Legislative developments on financial modernization issues in the 105th Congress are reported in CRS Issue Brief 97034, which is available on the Legislative Information System.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance Reform: A Legal Analysis of Issue and Express Advocacy

Campaign Finance Reform: A Legal Analysis of Issue and Express Advocacy

Date: May 15, 1998
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: Issue advocacy communications have become increasingly popular over the federal election cycles. Often these advertisements could be interpreted to favor or disfavor certain candidates, while also serving to inform the public about a policy issue. However, unlike communications that expressly advocate the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate, the Supreme Court has ruled that issue ads are constitutionally protected First Amendment speech and cannot be regulated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
One Million Personal Bankruptcies a Year: Economic Implications and Policy Options

One Million Personal Bankruptcies a Year: Economic Implications and Policy Options

Date: May 14, 1998
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Relationship of Taxes and Benefits for Past, Present, and Future Retirees

Social Security: The Relationship of Taxes and Benefits for Past, Present, and Future Retirees

Date: May 12, 1998
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

The Financial Outlook for Social Security and Medicare

Date: May 7, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart & Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiple-Group Federal Credit Unions: An Update

Multiple-Group Federal Credit Unions: An Update

Date: May 6, 1998
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Description: This report discusses Medicare, which consists of two distinct parts — Part A (Hospital Insurance (HI)) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI)). Part A is financed primarily through payroll taxes levied on current workers and their employers. Income from these taxes is credited to the HI trust fund. Part B is financed through a combination of monthly premiums paid by current enrollees and general revenues. Income from these sources is credited to the SMI trust fund.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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