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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Who Regulates Whom? An Overview of U.S. Financial Supervision

Who Regulates Whom? An Overview of U.S. Financial Supervision

Date: April 21, 2010
Creator: Jickling, Mark & Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report provides an overview of current U.S. financial regulation. It discusses which agencies are responsible for which institutions and markets, and what kinds of authority they have.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

Date: April 22, 2010
Creator: Ek, Carl
Description: Member states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) contribute to the activities of the alliance in several ways, the chief of which is through the deployment of their own armed forces, funded by their national budgets. Certain commonly conducted activities, however, are paid for out of three NATO-run budgets. These three accounts--the civil budget, the military budget, and the security investment program--are funded by individual contributions from the member states. This report discusses North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) burdensharing in funding such operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Greece's Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications

Greece's Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications

Date: April 27, 2010
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.; Belkin, Paul & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Greek debt crisis; outlines the major causes of the crisis, focusing on both domestic and international factors; examines how Greece, the Eurozone members, and the IMF have responded to the crisis; and highlights the broader implications of Greece's debt crisis, including for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Shields, Dennis A. & Chite, Ralph M.
Description: This report has two sections. The first provides an overview of the current USDA disaster assistance programs: federal crop insurance, NAP payments, emergency disaster loans, the new Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE), and four other smaller disaster programs authorized in the 2008 farm bill. The second section reviews the recent history of emergency supplemental farm disaster assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Argentina's Defaulted Sovereign Debt: Dealing with the "Holdouts"

Date: April 28, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report reviews Argentina's financial crisis, the bond exchanges of 2005 and 2010, ongoing litigation, prospects for a final solution, related U.S. legislation, and broader policy issues. These include lessons on the effectiveness and cost of Argentina's default strategy, the ability to force sovereigns to meet their debt obligations, and ways to avoid future defaults like Argentina's.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System

Structure and Functions of the Federal Reserve System

Date: May 4, 2010
Creator: Smale, Pauline
Description: This report examines the structure and operations of the major components of the Federal Reserve System and provides an overview of congressional oversight activities. In addition, the report discusses the provisions of one of the pending pieces of legislation (S. 3217, the Restoring American Financial Stability Act of 2010) that would affect the structure and operations of the System.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Haiti Earthquake: Crisis and Response

Date: May 6, 2010
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: The largest earthquake ever recorded in Haiti devastated parts of the country, including the capital, on January 12, 2010. This report discusses the disaster and various responses, ranging from the Haitian government's initial response to foreign humanitarian and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Loss Exposure and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Date: May 6, 2010
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was established as an independent government corporation under the authority of the Banking Act of 1933, also known as the Glass- Steagall Act (P.L. 73-66, 48 Stat. 162, 12 U.S.C.), to insure bank deposits. The FDIC is funded through insurance assessments collected from its member depository institutions and held in what is now known as the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF). This report begins with an overview of the FDIC, followed by an explanation of the loss exposure and total risk to the DIF. Next, the report discusses issues regarding the setting of deposit insurance premiums and presents changes to the assessment system proposed by the FDIC to address some of the issues. Finally, recent efforts proposed by Congress to support the DIF are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization: An Overview of Legislative Action in the 111th Congress

Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report tracks the status of ongoing legislative action and debate related to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization. It is organized into six major program areas: aviation system finance; airport financing; FAA management and organizational issues; system capacity and safety; environmental issues; and airline industry issues. In several cases, provisions that appear in various unrelated sections of proposed legislation have been rearranged in this report in an effort to group and discuss related items in an issue-driven or programmatic context. Since this report is primarily written as a means of communicating key legislative provisions under consideration in the ongoing FAA reauthorization process, it does not go into detail regarding the specific policy issues behind these legislative proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal

Foreign Ownership of U.S. Financial Assets: Implications of a Withdrawal

Date: May 9, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report provides an overview of the role foreign investment plays in the U.S. economy and an assessment of possible actions a foreign investor or a group of foreign investors might choose to take to liquidate their investments in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department