You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Export-Import Bank: Background and Legislative Issues

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: This report discusses the Export-Import Bank (Ex-In Bank), the chief U.S. government agency that helps finance American exports of manufactured goods and services with the objective of contributing to the employment of U.S. workers. This report discusses the Bank's budget and related legislation, including the Omnibus Appropriations Act of 2009, signed by President Barack Obama and authorizing spending limitations for the Bank.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Foreign Holdings of Federal Debt

Date: March 17, 2009
Creator: Murray, Justin & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report presents current data on estimated ownership of U.S. Treasury securities and major holders of federal debt by country. Federal debt represents the accumulated balance of borrowing by the federal government. To finance federal borrowing, U.S. Treasury securities are sold to investors, directly from the Treasury or on the secondary market to individual private investors, financial institutions in the United States or overseas, and foreign, state, or local governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Getter, Darryl E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the FDIC in support of financial and housing markets, which include restoration of the Deposit Insurance Fund, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, efforts to reduce foreclosures, and establishment of the proposed Public-Private Investment Fund. Legislation such as H.R. 786 (introduced by Representative Barney Frank); H.R. 1106, Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 (introduced by Representative John Conyers, Jr., with 24 co-sponsors); and S. 541, The Depositor Protection Act of 2009 (introduced by Senator Christopher Dodd with 12 co-sponsors) have also been introduced to increase the effectiveness of the FDIC’s efforts to respond to recent market weaknesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

Date: April 2, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the economy of China and how it is has been affected by the recent economic downturn. China has recently enjoyed one of the world's fastest-growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth, but several Chinese industries have been hard by the crisis, and millions of workers have been laid off.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

The Global Financial Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications

Date: April 3, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report provides a historical account and analysis of the global economic crisis through April 2, 2009. While business contraction appears to have abated, unemployment is shown to be on the rise and many businesses and countries are still facing difficulties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of the Securities Act of 1933 as Applied to Private Label Mortgage-Backed Securities

Overview of the Securities Act of 1933 as Applied to Private Label Mortgage-Backed Securities

Date: April 8, 2009
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen A.
Description: This report will provide an overview of the Securities Act of 1933 as it may be applied to mortgage-backed securities issued by private industry participants.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

China's Currency: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Date: April 13, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report explores various aspects of the Chinese economy, including specific policies that some Members of Congress consider a form of currency manipulation, the U.S.-China economic relationship, and the state of the Chinese economy with respect to the current global economic crisis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report provides a background on organized crime in the United States as well as the tools that Congress has afforded for the federal government to combat it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Credit Bonds: Overview and Analysis

Tax Credit Bonds: Overview and Analysis

Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: Tax Credit Bonds (TCBs) are a type of bond that offers the holder a federal tax credit instead of interest. This report explains the tax credit mechanism and describes the market for the bonds. It also discusses related pieces of legislation and what the most common uses of the proceeds from TCBs are.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Insolvency of Systemically Significant Financial Companies: Bankruptcy vs. Conservatorship/Receivership

Insolvency of Systemically Significant Financial Companies: Bankruptcy vs. Conservatorship/Receivership

Date: April 20, 2009
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report first discusses the purposes behind the creation of a separate insolvency regime for depository institutions. The report then compares and contrasts the characteristics of depository institutions with systemically significant financial companies (SSFCs). Next, the report provides a brief analysis of some important differences between the FDIC's conservatorship/receivership authority and that of the Bankruptcy Code.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Proposals for a Congressional Commission on the Financial Crisis: A Comparative Analysis

Date: April 29, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report provides a comparative analysis of six proposed congressional advisory commissions that would investigate various aspects of the recent financial crisis and economic downturn. The report specifically discusses the membership structure, appointment structure, rules of procedure and operation, duties and reporting requirements, powers of the commission, staffing issues, and funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity: Pandemic Flu, Terrorism, and Other Challenges

Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity: Pandemic Flu, Terrorism, and Other Challenges

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report outlines the financial sector's recovery plans for two kinds of disasters: the inability to conduct transactions and large losses of asset value. The basic function of the payment system is carried out by banks, and monetary policy affects banks immediately. Because brokers, exchanges, secondary market facilities, and insurance companies carry out crucial financial functions, their regulators and trade associations are involved in continuity of operations planning for contingencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

The Global Financial Crisis: Lessons from Japan's Lost Decade of the 1990s

Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report reviews the major actions by the Japanese government in dealing with its financial crisis and highlights some of the lessons learned from their experience in the 1990s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

The Global Financial Crisis: Increasing IMF Resources and the Role of Congress

Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Description: This report provides information on the role the IMF has played in the financial crisis, international agreement to increase the financial resources of the IMF, and the role of Congress in increasing the Fund's resources. As will be discussed in detail at the end of the report, congressional authorization, and perhaps appropriation, would be required to increase U.S. contributions to the IMF.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress

Date: May 15, 2009
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report discusses the threat of organized crime against the United States, most notably organized crime from criminal organizations in Russia, Asia, Italy, the Balkans, the Middle East, and Africa. The report explores the issue of organized crime in relation to the economic downturn and national security, namely terrorism. The report also discusses how Congress is currently working to address these issues and includes information on relevant pieces of legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues

Date: May 18, 2009
Creator: Romig, Kathleen
Description: The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the Social Security program (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance, or OASDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program, and provides administrative support to Medicare and several other federal programs. Total SSA spending in FY2008 was about $658 billion, about 99% of which was mandatory spending on benefit payments. This report focuses on SSA’s administrative spending, which is discretionary and amounts to about 1% of SSA’s total spending. This funding is provided in the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies appropriations bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations

France: Factors Shaping Foreign Policy, and Issues in U.S.-French Relations

Date: May 20, 2009
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Description: This report examines the key factors that shape French foreign policy. From that context, it analyzes some of the reasons for the tensions in and the accomplishments of U.S.-French relations. The report is illustrative, rather than exhaustive. Instead, the report reviews issues selected because they exemplify some of the essential features of the U.S.-French relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: An Overview and Selected Issues

Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America: An Overview and Selected Issues

Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Lake, Jennifer E.
Description: The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) is a trilateral initiative that was launched in March 2005 for the purpose of increasing and enhancing security and prosperity in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. This initiative promoted communication and cooperation across several key policy areas of mutual interest, such as improving certain sectors of the economy, developing higher health and safety standards, and addressing environmental concerns. This report describes this initiative in brief detail, including summaries of several SPP-related meetings between the three countries' leaders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. It contains a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States

Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the economy of China and how it is has been affected by the recent economic downturn. China has recently enjoyed one of the world's fastest-growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth, but several Chinese industries have been hard by the crisis, and millions of workers have been laid off. This report explores this issue in brief, including what actions the Chinese government is taking to combat the problem, as well as what actions China may take to assist in stabilizing the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China-U.S. Trade Issues

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Date: June 3, 2009
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-China economic relationship and China's rapid expansion as a global economic market, both with respect to the current global economic crisis. It also examines major U.S.-China trade issues and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Political, Economic, and Social Conditions and U.S. Relations

Date: June 8, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the state of the El Salvadoran government and recently elected President Mauricio Funes. This report also discusses the relationship between El Salvador and the United States, notably U.S. efforts to restore democracy and initiate economic reform in El Salvador. This report also briefly addresses the effects of the current financial crisis on El Salvador's economy, poverty levels, and crime rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Turmoil and U.S. Macroeconomic Performance

Financial Market Turmoil and U.S. Macroeconomic Performance

Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Lending in credit markets requires confidence in the borrowers' ability to repay the debt (principal and interest) in full and on schedule. The current turmoil in U.S. financial markets is the result of a breakdown in that necessary confidence. A number of indicators have pointed to a substantial rise in the cost of credit and a decrease in the flow of credit to the broader economy. Economic policy may be needed to get credit flowing smoothly again and to mitigate the damage incurred by households and non-financial businesses. Three types of policy response exist and are being applied in varying degrees. This report discusses each of these policy responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department