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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem

Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem

Date: June 30, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricane Katrina: Insurance Losses and National Capacities for Financing Disaster Risk

Hurricane Katrina: Insurance Losses and National Capacities for Financing Disaster Risk

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: This report discusses losses and national disaster caused by Hurricane Katrina that made landfall on the Gulf of Mexico coast with high velocity winds, storm surge, heavy rain, flooding, coastal erosion, hail, and tornadoes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hurricanes and Disaster Risk Financing Through Insurance: Challenges and Policy Options

Hurricanes and Disaster Risk Financing Through Insurance: Challenges and Policy Options

Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Terrorism Risk Insurance: A Summary of Legislative Proposals

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tsunamis and Earthquakes: Is Federal Disaster Insurance in Our Future?

Tsunamis and Earthquakes: Is Federal Disaster Insurance in Our Future?

Date: April 6, 2005
Creator: King, Rawle O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Efforts to Delay the Gradual Elimination of Flood Insurance Premium Subsidies

Date: March 3, 2014
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report examines legislative efforts in Congress to delay the gradual phase-out of subsidized flood insurance premiums, which is required under Sections 100205 and 100207 of P.L. 112-141, the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform and Modernization Act of 2012. This new law extended the authorization for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for five years, through September 30, 2017, while requiring significant program reforms affecting flood insurance, flood hazard mapping, and floodplains management.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Catastrophic Risk: Summary of the Homeowners' Defense Act of 2009 (S. 505 and H.R. 2555)

Financing Catastrophic Risk: Summary of the Homeowners' Defense Act of 2009 (S. 505 and H.R. 2555)

Date: July 1, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the drastic increase in demand for homeowners' insurance in Atlantic and Gulf Coast states following the devastation of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. This report also discusses various measures and efforts underway to enhance insurer capacity, pursue alternative forms of risk transfer, and create a national catastrophe financing facility, the last of which is an issue under considerable debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Date: November 18, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: Two important issues before Congress are (1) securing the nation's capacity to prepare for, respond to, and recover/rebuild from natural catastrophe events, and (2) determining whether and how the federal government should intervene in catastrophe insurance markets. This report focuses on this issue at length, taking into consideration the Gulf Coast hurricanes of 2004 and 2005; a sequence of tornadoes, wildfire, earthquakes, Hurricanes Ike and Gustav, and the 2008 Midwestern floods; and the financial market turmoil in 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Financing Recovery from Large-Scale Natural Disasters

Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the challenges facing property and casualty insurance and reinsurance companies in financing large-scale natural disasters, particularly during financial market turmoil.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

The National Flood Insurance Program: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress

Date: December 10, 2012
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report provides an analysis of flood risk management, summarizes major challenges facing the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and outlines key reforms in the recently enacted Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012. The report also identifies and presents some key remaining flood management issues for congressional considerations, and it concludes with a discussion of relevant policy options for the future financial management of flood hazards in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 19, 2008
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: In 2008, Hurricanes Ike, Gustav, and Dolly made landfall in the United States, causing widespread flood damage. Exactly three years earlier, claims and expenses related to the massive flooding caused by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma had financially overwhelmed the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) estimates that the NFIP will need about $3 billion in additional borrowing authority to cover the claims currently outstanding and a yet to be determined amount for the 2008 Hurricanes. Congress is currently working to reform the NFIP while retaining its original intent to keep rates affordable for people to buy the insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

National Flood Insurance Program: Treasury Borrowing in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina

Date: January 25, 2007
Creator: King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses the the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which has been financially overwhelmed by claims and expenses related to the massive flooding caused by Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: September 9, 2010
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes the current crises that the U.S. newspaper industry is facing in light of the recent economic downturn and the increasing number of readers who turn to the Internet for their news instead of to traditional media. Congress has begun debating whether the financial problems in the newspaper industry pose a public policy issue that warrants federal action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: July 8, 2009
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes China's mixed record on human rights: major human rights problems, new human rights legislation, and the development of civil society, legal awareness, and social and political activism. This report discusses major areas of interest but does not provide an exhaustive account of all human rights abuses or related incidents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: July 8, 2009
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes the current crises that the U.S. newspaper industry is facing in light of the recent economic downturn and the increasing number of readers who turn to the Internet for their news instead of to traditional media. Congress has begun debating whether the financial problems in the newspaper industry pose a public policy issue that warrants federal action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Trade Deficits and the Dollar: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1987

Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Kirk, Robert S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: May 29, 2009
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. It contains a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Airport Improvement Program (AIP): Reauthorization Issues for Congress

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the Airport Improvement Program and its complement, the passenger facility charge (PFC), within the broader context of airport capital development finance. After a brief history of federal support for airport construction and improvement, the report describes AIP funding, its source of revenues, funding distribution, and the types of projects the program funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

DRIVE Act Would Increase Highway Funding Faster than Projected Inflation

Date: July 13, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act (DRIVE Act; S. 1647). The DRIVE Act would authorize $278 billion for a six-year federal highway program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal-Aid Highway Program (FAHP): An Overview

Federal-Aid Highway Program (FAHP): An Overview

Date: October 26, 2012
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report looks at how the Federal-Aid Highway Program (FAHP) works, including its funding and administration by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal-Aid Highway Program (FAHP): In Brief

Federal-Aid Highway Program (FAHP): In Brief

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report discusses the major characteristics of the federal highway program that have been constant since the early 1920s. Generally, federal money can be spent only on designated federal-aid highways, which make up roughly a quarter of U.S. public roads.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tolling of Interstate Highways: Issues in Brief

Tolling of Interstate Highways: Issues in Brief

Date: February 13, 2013
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: In recent years, the revenues flowing into the highway trust fund have been insufficient to maintain even current levels of federal funding for highways. Political resistance to raising the federal fuels tax is high. This report discusses arguments for and against expanding tolling of the Interstate highways as a means of generating needed funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tolling U.S. Highways

Tolling U.S. Highways

Date: May 30, 2014
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report provides a brief history of tolling on federal roads and current law. The report discusses financial realities on toll roads and tolling policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department