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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

Date: July 1, 2016
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: The report presents a brief description of Puerto Rico, its relationship with the federal government, and its fiscal challenges. The body of the report provides a section-by-section description of H.R. 5278, including a short overview of the bill, along with a comparison with previous legislation involving control boards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Date: September 15, 2016
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the operation on a limited basis of the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) despite a renewal of its general statutory charter through FY2019 (P.L. 114-94,
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Burga, Casey
Description: This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees' operations and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury (Title I), the Executive Office of the President (EOP, Title II), the judiciary (Title III), the District of Columbia (Title IV), and more than two dozen independent agencies (Title V). The bill typically funds mandatory retirement accounts in Title VI, which also contains additional general provisions applying to the funding provided agencies through the FSGG bill. Title VII contains general provisions applying government-wide. The FSGG bills have often also contained provisions relating to U.S. policy toward Cuba.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Liou, Wayne & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report discusses the calculations that go into taxing Social Security benefits, which prior to 1984 were exempt from taxation but have since been taxed at gradually increasing levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tolling U.S. Highways

Tolling U.S. Highways

Date: August 26, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Description: This report provides a brief history of tolling on federal roads and relevant current law. It also discusses financial realities on toll roads and tolling policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Funding and Financing Highways and Public Transportation

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Kirk, Robert S. & Mallett, William J.
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the problems associated with the trust fund financing system (which supports both federal highway and public transportation programs) and then explores possible options for financing surface transportation infrastructure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 114th Congress

Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 114th Congress

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides information about the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), which regulates futures, most options, and swaps markets. It includes background information, a description of the CFTC reauthorization process, and more extensive explanations of selected provisions in H.R. 2289 and S. 2917 that were recently reauthorized or changed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regulation of Debit Interchange Fees

Regulation of Debit Interchange Fees

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report provides a description of the debit payments process and network pricing, as well as an overview of the effects of the Durbin Amendement implemented by the Federal Reserve which includes a cap on the interchange fee for large issuers. In particular, the Durbin Amendment is discussed in light of comments by Federal Reserve Board Chairman Ben Bernanke.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2016 G-20 Summit

The 2016 G-20 Summit

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the 2016 G-20 summit where the leaders of the Group of Twenty (G-20) countries met in Hangzhou, China.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

The State of Campaign Finance Policy: Recent Developments and Issues for Congress

Date: June 23, 2016
Creator: Garrett, R. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the campaign finance landscape and policy issues that may confront Congress. It includes information about the development of campaign finance law with selected litigation as well as potential policy considerations and emerging issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Commercial (Depository) Banking and Industry Conditions

Overview of Commercial (Depository) Banking and Industry Conditions

Date: May 3, 2016
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Description: This report begins with a general overview of the banking industry. It describes how banks facilitate the financial intermediation process as well as the associated financial risks. It also explains the market structure of the banking industry, referring primarily to the asset distribution. Next, this report summarizes profitability and lending activity levels in the banking industry. Particular attention is paid to metrics related to capitalization levels, asset performance, and earnings of depository banks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Federal Reserve: Oversight and Disclosure Issues

Date: May 24, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report provides an overview of existing Federal Reserve (Fed) oversight and disclosure practices, highlighting recent legislative changes and proposals. It also considers the potential impact of greater oversight and disclosure on the Fed's independence and its ability to achieve its macroeconomic and financial stability goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Corporate Expatriation, Inversions, and Mergers: Tax Issues

Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: Marples, Donald J. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of relevant portions of the U.S. corporate income tax system before examining how inversions were commonly structured. It then looks at how Congress and the Department of the Treasury have reduced the benefits of inversions, and concludes with an examination of methods that remain to invert and policy options available to prevent or limit these inversions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Financing

Campaign Financing

Date: December 17, 2004
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: This report discusses various issues regarding campaign finance law and potential options for policy responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Lending Act: Timeline, New Rules, and Issues

Military Lending Act: Timeline, New Rules, and Issues

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report briefly discusses new rules under the Military Lending Act (MLA) that change the definition of consumer credit for covered servicemembers and dependents; it will apply to transactions or accounts that are established on or after October 3, 2016. These rules may have an impact on the regulatory burdens for businesses that provide credit products to the military and may also affect military readiness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Description: This report discusses housing finance reform and structural changes enacted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), particularly in relation to government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). It includes sections on GSEs and conservatorship; FHFA reforms broken down into information about risk-sharing transactions, a common securitization platform, and single security; and Congressional action on GSE reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Reform

Social Security Reform

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn
Description: This report examines the debate over the future of the Social Security system. It includes discussion of recent developments; background and analysis with information about the basic debate, specific area of contention, reform initiatives; and relevant legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress

Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress

Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes provisions and the policy debate surrounding a number of bills that would affect the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) monetary policy, lender of last resort, and regulatory responsibilities. The Fed's responsibilities as the nation's central bank fall into four main categories: monetary policy, provision of emergency liquidity through the lender of last resort function, supervision of certain types of banks and other financial firms for safety and soundness, and provision of payment system services to financial firms and the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Treasury Issues White Paper on Fintech and Marketplace Lending

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the context and contents of a white paper issued on May 10, 2016 by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The paper analyzes regulatory issues for the marketplace lending industry and offers several recommendations for industry and government responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FinCEN Seeks Shell-Company Transparency

FinCEN Seeks Shell-Company Transparency

Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar discusses the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network's (FinCEN) rules outlining anti-money laundering due diligence requirements. These rules require certain financial institutions to identify and verify beneficial owners of legal entity customers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

U.S.-EU Data Privacy: From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield

Date: May 17, 2016
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report describes the financial harm caused by data breaches, explains how those breaches are carried out, discusses resolved and remaining impediments to completing the EMV (Europay, MasterCard, and Visa) transition in the United States, and identifies areas of potential Congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Negative Interest Rates

Negative Interest Rates

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: In a few foreign economies, including the euro area, Switzerland, and Japan, central banks have purposely set some short-term interest rates used to carry out monetary policy at negative levels. This report briefly discusses the reasons behind this phenomenon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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