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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Clean Coal Loan Guarantees and Tax Incentives: Issues in Brief

Clean Coal Loan Guarantees and Tax Incentives: Issues in Brief

Date: August 19, 2014
Creator: Folger, Peter & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report discusses certain federal financial incentive mechanisms for "clean coal" commercial projects; namely, loan guarantees and tax incentives. At issue for Congress is the extent to which the private sector has used these financial toolsto develop the technology needed for reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions while continuing to use available domestic coal reserves for electricity generation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization Debate

Date: August 18, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the ongoing debate regarding the Export-Import Bank of the United States, a federal government corporation which is the the official export credit agency (ECA) of the U.S. Government. The bank's statutory charter expires on September 30, 2014, meaning that its authority to obligations generally would cease and a wind-down of operations would be required. The report gives four possible scenarios for approaches Congress could take in regards to approaching the bank's future authorization status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Securities Fraud Class Action Certification: Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.

Securities Fraud Class Action Certification: Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc.

Date: August 15, 2014
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses requirements for securities fraud class action certification. The report also specifically examines each of the decisions made in the Halliburton cases, which proceeded through two complete rounds in federal district court, court of appeals, and the Supreme Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Social Security: Calculation and History of Taxing Benefits

Date: August 4, 2014
Creator: Meyerson, Noah P.
Description: This report discusses the calculations that go into taxing Social Security benefits, which prior to 1984 were exempt from taxation but have since been taxed at gradually increasing levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Export-Import Bank Reauthorization: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias; Levit, Mindy R. & Taylor, Julia
Description: This report addresses frequently asked questions about Ex-Im Bank, grouped in the following categories: congressional interest and the Ex-Im Bank reauthorization debate; market context; international context; organizational structure and management; programs; statutory requirements and policies; risk management; budget and appropriations; implications of a sunset in authority; and historical and current approaches to reauthorization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: Morton, William R.
Description: This report provides an overview on federal disability benefits programs including Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), which is an insurance program that provides benefits to individuals who have paid into the system and meet certain minimum work requirements, and Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which is a means-tested program that does not have work or contribution requirements, but restricts benefits to those who meet certain financial eligibility criteria.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Trust Fund

Social Security: The Trust Fund

Date: July 31, 2014
Creator: Nuschler, Dawn & Sidor, Gary
Description: This report covers how the Social Security program is financed and how the Social Security trust fund works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unlawfully Present Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis

Unlawfully Present Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis

Date: July 21, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report surveys key legal issues pertaining to unlawfully present alien students' access to higher education, in-state tuition, and financial aid.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

International Monetary Fund: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 17, 2014
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report evaluates the purpose, membership, financing, and focus of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF) activities. It also discusses the role of Congress in shaping U.S. policy at the IMF and concludes by addressing key issues, both legislative and oversight-related, that Congress may wish to consider, including: the role of the IMF as a lender of last resort; the adequacy of IMF resources; and the effectiveness of IMF surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

The American Opportunity Tax Credit: Overview, Analysis, and Policy Options

Date: July 10, 2014
Creator: Crandall-Hollick, Margot L.
Description: This report provides both an in-depth description of the American Opportunity Tax Credit, an analysis of its economic impact, and an overview of various policy options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department