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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: International child custody disputes are likely to increase in frequency as the global society becomes more integrated and mobile. Since 1988, the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction ("Hague Convention" or "Convention") has been the principal mechanism for enforcing the return of abducted children to the United States. This report will discuss the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations. In addition, pending legislation, including H.R. 3240 and H.R. 3487, is discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides context for the debate concerning international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control and discusses funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report provides context for the debate concerning international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control and discusses funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: January 26, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Veillette, Connie
Description: Since 1965, United States policy has supported international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control. This policy, however, has generated contentious debate for over two decades, resulting in frequent clarification and modification of U.S. international family planning programs. This report provides the context of this debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report examines issues surrounding the debate on family planning, which is at times the most contentious foreign aid issue considered by Congress. The cornerstone of U.S. policy has remained a commitment to international family planning programs based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that give participants access to information on all major methods of birth control. At present, USAID maintains family planning projects in more than 60 countries that include counseling and services, training of health workers, contraceptive supplies and distribution, financial management, public education and marketing, and biomedical and contraceptive research and development. USAID applies a broad reproductive health approach to its family planning programs, increasingly integrating it with other interventions regarding maternal and child health, the enhancement of the status of women, and HIV prevention and transmission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B.
Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B
Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Penalty Legislation: A Comparison of Alternate Proposals

Marriage Penalty Legislation: A Comparison of Alternate Proposals

Date: June 8, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Penalty Tax Relief: The Gramm Amendment

Marriage Penalty Tax Relief: The Gramm Amendment

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Tax Penalties: Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Marriage Tax Penalties: Legislative Proposals in the 106th Congress

Date: July 14, 2000
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

Date: December 20, 2000
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

Date: June 12, 2001
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

The Marriage Tax Penalty: An Overview of the Issues

Date: July 7, 2000
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Date: June 10, 2002
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Marriage Tax Penalty Relief Provisions of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Esenwein, Gregg A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes current federal policy with respect to medical child support. It also examines the potential impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. It provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in the CSE program and state data on the medical support coverage of children in the CSE program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonmarital Childbearing: Trends, Reasons, and Public Policy Interventions

Nonmarital Childbearing: Trends, Reasons, and Public Policy Interventions

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report analyzes the trends in nonmarital childbearing, discusses some of the characteristics of unwed mothers, addresses some issues involving the fathers of children born outside of marriage, covers many of the reasons for nonmarital childbearing, examines the impact of nonmarital births on families and on the nation, and presents the public policy interventions that have been used to prevent nonmarital births or ameliorate some of the negative financial consequences that are sometimes associated with nonmarital childbearing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Kidnapping

Parental Kidnapping

Date: August 25, 1982
Creator: McCoy, Meredith
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress

Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress

Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Notification and Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England

Parental Notification and Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations

Parental Notification for Family Planning Services: Title X Regulations

Date: May 18, 1983
Creator: Bailey, Susan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department