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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

IRS Reform: Innocent Spouse Rule

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Ripy, Thomas B.
Description: Married couples filing joint tax returns are liable individually and as a couple for all taxes due on the return with a limited exemption for innocent spouses. This report discusses joint and several liability, which has been the subject of much criticism and calls for reform or elimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels. This policy, has generated contentious debate for over two decades, resulting in frequent clarification and modification of U.S. international family planning programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: January 19, 2007
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report provides context for the debate concerning international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control and discusses funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report examines issues surrounding the debate on family planning, which is at times the most contentious foreign aid issue considered by Congress. The cornerstone of U.S. policy has remained a commitment to international family planning programs based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that give participants access to information on all major methods of birth control. At present, USAID maintains family planning projects in more than 60 countries that include counseling and services, training of health workers, contraceptive supplies and distribution, financial management, public education and marketing, and biomedical and contraceptive research and development. USAID applies a broad reproductive health approach to its family planning programs, increasingly integrating it with other interventions regarding maternal and child health, the enhancement of the status of women, and HIV prevention and transmission.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: $25 Annual User Fee

Child Support Enforcement: $25 Annual User Fee

Date: November 6, 2012
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, which was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Although the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (enacted February 8, 2006) included significant changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, it did not include many of the child support provisions that had been considered during the preceding four-year debate within the context of welfare reauthorization. This report discusses 12 such provisions that were passed by either the House or the Senate Finance Committee (or both). The Administration has included several of these provisions in its FY2008 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides context for the debate concerning international population planning based on principles of volunteerism and informed choice that gives participants access to information on all methods of birth control and discusses funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: September 25, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans' Benefits: Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) for Survivors

Veterans' Benefits: Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) for Survivors

Date: August 19, 2009
Creator: Scott, Christine
Description: This report outlines the eligibility requirements and benefit levels for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: November 2, 2009
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by a parent to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Date: October 16, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses "responsible fatherhood" programs that promote the financial and personal responsibility of noncustodial fathers to their children and increase the participation of fathers in the lives of their children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Law: Congress's Authority to Legislate on Domestic Relations Questions

Family Law: Congress's Authority to Legislate on Domestic Relations Questions

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the extent to which Congress is constitutionally authorized to legislate on family law questions, and includes examples of present laws utilizing the various approaches available in this area.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Family Violence Prevention and Services Act: Programs and Funding

Family Violence Prevention and Services Act: Programs and Funding

Date: March 31, 2009
Creator: Laney, Garrine P.
Description: This report describes programs authorized under the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) and related initiatives, and provides authorization and appropriation levels. The FVPSA was originally enacted in 1984, as Title III of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, to assist states in preventing incidents of family violence and to provide shelter and related assistance to victims of family violence and their dependents, with the expectation of preventing future acts of violence in families.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

International Population Assistance and Family Planning Programs: Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report discusses the U.S. population assistance issues, policy issues in the U.S. family planning debate, and U.S. funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employee Benefits and Same-Sex Partnerships

Federal Employee Benefits and Same-Sex Partnerships

Date: January 21, 2010
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report examines the current policies on the application of benefits to same-sex partners, analyzes the bills currently pending in the 111th Congress, and reviews the policy debate on extending benefits to same-sex partners. This report is about federal benefits for same-sex partners and not about same-sex relationships in general.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

Date: September 20, 2010
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 created an Emergency Contingency Fund (ECF) within the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The fund expired on September 30, 2010. It helped states, Indian tribes, and territories pay for additional costs of providing economic aid to families during the current economic downturn for FY2009 and FY2010. This report describes the TANF ECF as well as proposals offered in 2010 to extend and modify TANF emergency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Welfare, Work, and Poverty Status of Female- Headed Families with Children: 1987-2013

Welfare, Work, and Poverty Status of Female- Headed Families with Children: 1987-2013

Date: November 21, 2014
Creator: Gabe, Thomas
Description: The report focuses on welfare dependency and work engagement among single mothers, a major dynamic that welfare reform and accompanying policy changes have attempted to affect. It also examines the role of programs other than Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in providing support to single female-headed families with children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

Date: August 4, 2010
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report describes the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Emergency Contingency Fund (ECF) as well as proposals to extend and modify TANF emergency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

The TANF Emergency Contingency Fund

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report discusses the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which created an Emergency Contingency Fund (ECF) within the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The fund expired on September 30, 2010. It helped states, Indian tribes, and territories pay for additional costs of providing economic aid to families during the current economic downturn for FY2009 and FY2010. This report describes the TANF ECF as well as proposals offered in 2010 to extend and modify TANF emergency funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family and Medical Leave Act: Current Legislative Activity

The Family and Medical Leave Act: Current Legislative Activity

Date: August 3, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report begins with a brief overview of the major features of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and its regulations. The various proposals made to amend the act since its inception are then categorized and discussed. It closes with a review of legislative activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report examines the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance caseload, focusing on how the composition and characteristics of families receiving assistance have changed over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department