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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Towell, Pat; Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses issues related to defense funding in the wake of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, generally referred to as the "economic stimulus" bill. The President's FY2009 budget request, released February 4, 2008, included $611.1 billion in new budget authority for national defense.
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Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Description: This report briefly describes the role of various agencies in securing the borders of the United States. These agencies are the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the United States Coast Guard, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
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Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Competition in Federal Contracting: An Overview of the Legal Requirements

Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report describes the legal requirements pertaining to competition that presently apply to federal procurement contracts. Among other things, it discusses what contracts are subject to competition requirements; what constitutes full and open competition for government contracts; and what is meant by "full and open competition after exclusion of sources."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report discusses Federal advisory committees, which are created as provisional advisory bodies that can circumvent bureaucratic constraints to collect a variety of viewpoints on specific policy issues. Advisory bodies have been created to address a host of issues, ranging from policies on organ donation to the design and implementation of the Department of Homeland Security. These committees are often created to help the government manage and solve complex or divisive issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses challenges the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will likely face to address projected growth in passenger airline travel while maintaining and improving upon the efficiency and effectiveness of passenger screening operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States Fire Administration: An Overview

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Date: May 12, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Description: This report describes and analyzes the Administration's FY2010 budget proposal, as well as related information and legislation. The U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) is currently an entity within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The objective of the USFA is to significantly reduce the nation's loss of life from fire, while also achieving a reduction in property loss and non-fatal injury due to fire.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment

The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment

Date: June 8, 2009
Creator: Best, Jr., Richard A.
Description: The National Security Council (NSC) was established in 1947. This report describes the history of the NSC, how is structure and influence have varied over the years from one Administration to another, what its current structure and who its current members are, varying opinions as to what the role of the NSC should be, and future developments for the NSC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Rulemaking: The Role of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs

Federal Rulemaking: The Role of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs

Date: June 9, 2009
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, which created the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA) within the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). This report addresses OIRA's responsibilities, controversies related to OIRA, and possible legislative issues involving OIRA, including increasing or decreasing the office's funding and staffing, and improvements in the transparency of OIRA's review process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The DHS Directorate of Science and Technology: Key Issues for Congress

The DHS Directorate of Science and Technology: Key Issues for Congress

Date: June 22, 2009
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Morgan, Daniel
Description: The Directorate of Science and Technology is the primary organization for research and development (R&D) in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). The directorate is headed by the Under Secretary for Science and Technology. In the past, some Members of Congress and other observers have been highly critical of the directorate's performance. Although management changes have somewhat muted this criticism in recent years, fundamental issues remain, which this report discusses in detail. Congressional policymakers are widely expected to consider reauthorization legislation for DHS during the 111th Congress. Such legislation would likely include provisions that would affect the Science and Technology Directorate.
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Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: August 14, 2009
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey Celeste
Description: This list of about 150 congressional liaison offices is intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department