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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: S. 1000, the Telework Enhancement Act of 2007, and H.R. 4106, the Telework Improvements Act of 2008, are currently pending in the 110th Congress. Under the pending legislation and Senate amendments, the heads of executive branch agencies would be required to establish policies under which employees (with some exceptions) could be eligible to participate in telework. This report presents a side-by-side comparison of the provisions of S. 1000, as reported; H.R. 4106, as passed by the House.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Polygraph Use by the Department of Energy: Issues for Congress

Date: October 23, 2008
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: This report examines how the Department of Energy's (DOE) polygraph testing program has evolved and reviews certain scientific findings with regard to the polygraph's scientific validity. Several issues include whether: DOE's new screening program is focused on an appropriate number of individuals occupying only the most sensitive positions; the program should be expanded in order to adequately safeguard certain classified information; further research into the polygraph's scientific validity is needed; there are possible alternatives to the polygraph; and whether DOE should continue polygraph screening.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities. Approximately 82.7% ($3,094.8 million) of NSF's FY2006 $3,740.6 million research and development (R&D) budget was awarded to U.S. colleges and universities. On September 30, 2008, the President signed into law the Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2009 (P.L. 110-329, H.R. 2638). The act includes, among other things, three of the 12 regular appropriations acts for FY2009. The Continuing Appropriations Act funds the NSF until passage of the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Appropriations bill or until March 6, 2009, whichever occurs first. P.L. 110-329 funds the NSF at the FY2008 level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense, and summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Activities: Authorization and Appropriations

Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Activities: Authorization and Appropriations

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Hughes, H. S.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Corps civil works program. It covers the congressional authorization and appropriation process, the standard project development process, and other Corps activities and authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of recent executive branch reorganization actions and related management initiatives. It reviews the relevant plans and preparations of President-elect Barack Obama as the new Administration transitions to assuming management of the executive branch. Briefly examined, as well, are the organization and management efforts of the most recent regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Role in Foreign Assistance: Background, Major Issues, and Options for Congress

The Department of Defense Role in Foreign Assistance: Background, Major Issues, and Options for Congress

Date: December 9, 2008
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Description: This report begins with a brief introduction to the three areas in which DOD plays a role in foreign assistance and to Congress's part in authorizing that role and briefly discusses the general evolution of DOD's role and the Department of State's current perception of that role based on current national security needs. The report then provides an overview of the evolution of the DOD role and current activities in the three areas cited above, with a snapshot of the varying perspectives on the DOD roles in these areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Government Corporations: An Overview

Federal Government Corporations: An Overview

Date: January 7, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal government corporations, a category currently consisting of some 17 corporate agencies performing functions assigned to them in law. A government corporation, as defined in this report, is a government agency that is established by Congress to provide a market-oriented public service and required to produce revenues that meet or approximate its expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2009 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Smith, Pamela W.; Skinner, Rebecca R. & Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report discusses budget appropriations that is one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, consolidated, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

A Federal Chief Technology Officer in the Obama Administration: Options and Issues for Consideration

Date: January 21, 2009
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report addresses issues related to the potential scope of duties and authorities of a CTO, as well as other issues Congress may choose to consider if it opts to exert oversight or to develop legislation to create the position and/or office of a CTO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department