You limited your search to:

 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report examines the funding for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Congressional skepticism and pressures to balance the federal budget have effected NIST and its programs to such an extent that NIST is "currently taking the necessary actions for an orderly shutdown." Presidential promises call for an increase in funding, and the report questions how this funding will affect programs within NIST.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Appropriations Overview

Date: March 5, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report is a look at the funding for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), a laboratory of the Department of Commerce. NIST is mandated to provide technical services to facilitate the competitiveness of U.S. industry. In 2007, the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was terminated and replaced by the Technology Innovation Program (TIP). However, no funding was appropriated for TIP in the FY2012 appropriations legislation and NIST is "...currently taking the necessary actions for an orderly shutdown." In April 2009, the current President stated his decision to double the budget of key science agencies, including NIST, over the next 10 years. While additional funding has been forthcoming, it remains to be seen how support for internal R&D at NIST will evolve and how this might affect financing of extramural efforts such as MEP. The dispensation of funding for NIST programs may influence the way by which the federal government supports technology development for commercial application.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2011

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2011

Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: DeBruyne, Nese F.
Description: This report is a research aid, which lists the Department Of Defense authorization bills and appropriations bills for FY1970-FY2011. It includes all the pertinent information on the passage of these bills through the legislative process: bill numbers, report numbers, dates reported and passed, recorded vote numbers and vote tallies, dates of passage of the conference reports with their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers. Key definitions are also included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Telework for Executive Agency Employees: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Legislation Pending in the 111th Congress

Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L.
Description: This report discusses legislation (S. 707 and H.R. 1722) designed to foster the development of telework in executive agencies of the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives

Intelligence Reform at the Department of Energy: Policy Issues and Organizational Alternatives

Date: July 28, 2008
Creator: Cumming, Alfred
Description: Congress in 2006 agreed to temporarily consolidate separate counterintelligence (CI) offices at the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Security Administration (NNSA) into a single CI office under DOE control. This report analyzes both consolidations — the first authorized by Congress at Department of Energy (DOE) request; the second initiated by DOE — and examines the impact of each on the effectiveness of the Department's CI program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report discusses Federal advisory committees, which are created as provisional advisory bodies that can circumvent bureaucratic constraints to collect a variety of viewpoints on specific policy issues. Advisory bodies have been created to address a host of issues, ranging from policies on organ donation to the design and implementation of the Department of Homeland Security. These committees are often created to help the government manage and solve complex or divisive issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Review of Independent Regulatory Commission Rulemaking: Legal Issues

Presidential Review of Independent Regulatory Commission Rulemaking: Legal Issues

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Chu, Vivian S. & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: Report that discusses the constitutionality and the legal effects of extending centralized review of rulemaking to independent regulatory commissions (IRC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: December 20, 2011
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The National Science Foundation (NSF) has the broad mission of supporting science and engineering in general and funding basic research across many disciplines. The agency provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities. Approximately 82.3% ($3,900.6 million) of NSF's estimated FY2009 $4,742.0 million research and development (R&D) budget was awarded to U.S. colleges and universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Airport Passenger Screening: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 23, 2009
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses challenges the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will likely face to address projected growth in passenger airline travel while maintaining and improving upon the efficiency and effectiveness of passenger screening operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Government Corporations: An Overview

Federal Government Corporations: An Overview

Date: January 31, 2008
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal government corporations, a category currently consisting of some 17 corporate agencies performing functions assigned to them in law. A government corporation, as defined in this report, is a government agency that is established by Congress to provide a market-oriented public service and required to produce revenues that meet or approximate its expenditures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives: A Brief Overview

Date: July 23, 2008
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of recent executive branch reorganization actions and related management initiatives. It reviews the relevant plans and preparations of President-elect Barack Obama as the new Administration transitions to assuming management of the executive branch. Briefly examined, as well, are the organization and management efforts of the most recent regimes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Forest Service FY2001 Budget Issues, Including Proposals for Land Sales and Trust Funds

Forest Service FY2001 Budget Issues, Including Proposals for Land Sales and Trust Funds

Date: March 14, 2000
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Description: This report provides a table detailing the requested Forest Service (FS) budget for FY2001 and comparing it FY1999 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: This report discusses the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that has a mandate to increase the competitiveness of U.S. companies. NIST research also provides the measurement, calibration, and quality assurance techniques that underpin U.S. commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

The National Institute of Standards and Technology: An Overview

Date: March 17, 2003
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: This report discusses the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that has a mandate to increase the competitiveness of U.S. companies. NIST research also provides the measurement, calibration, and quality assurance techniques that underpin U.S. commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

9/11 Commission Recommendations: A Civil Liberties Oversight Board

Date: December 22, 2004
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Description: This report discusses the recommendation made by the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) regarding the creation of a board within the executive branch to oversee adherence to guidelines on, and the commitment to defend, civil liberties by the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Date: April 7, 1994
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R.
Description: This report reviews the FY 1995 budget request of the Department of the Interior with brief analyses of the budget requests of selected agencies within the department that principally are involved in natural resources programs or activities. This report also provides an overview of the mission of the Department of the Interior, its organization, and its major budget initiatives for FY 1995 .
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: Federal advisory committees—which may also be labeled as commissions, councils, or task forces—are established to assist the executive branch in deliberating and, in some cases, helping to solve complex or divisive issues. Congress, the President, or an agency head may establish a federal advisory committee to render independent advice or provide policy recommendations. This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees operations and costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: December 19, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Negotiated Rulemaking

Negotiated Rulemaking

Date: August 28, 2006
Creator: unknown
Description: This report discusses negotiated rulemaking, a supplement to traditional rulemaking, which is a process in which representatives of federal agencies and affected parties work together in a committee to reach consensus on what can ultimately become a proposed rule. Although negotiated rulemaking is not appropriate for all regulations, advocates believe that the approach can speed rule development, reduce litigation, and generate more creative and effective regulatory solutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Entering the Executive Branch of Government: Potential Conflicts of Interest With Previous Employments and Affiliations

Entering the Executive Branch of Government: Potential Conflicts of Interest With Previous Employments and Affiliations

Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report examines the federal laws and regulations relevant to entering into Government employment from the private sector. It is intended to provide those conducting congressional oversight with an outline of some of the issues, rules, regulations, ad oversight tools that may be available regarding this subject.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This Legal Sidebar on statutory interpretation addresses the question of whether executive branch agencies are barred from taking actions that Congress has not specifically authorized them to take.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: This report discuses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statements of Administration Policy

Statements of Administration Policy

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Description: This report discusses Statements of Administration Policy (SAPs) -- i.e., statements that communicate the Administration's position on upcoming legislation -- including structural components, the development of SAPs from the Ronald Reagan Administration to the present, the coordination of executive branch actors involved in issuing SAPs, the receipt of SAPs and their impact on government institutions, and possible reactions to SAPs when they are released publicly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department