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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: This report discusses "midnight rulemaking," referring to the phenomenon during the final months of recent presidential administrations when federal agencies have typically issued a larger number of rules relative to comparable time periods earlier in the administration. It likely occurs because the outgoing presidential administration wants to achieve certain policy goals before the end of its term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: June 22, 2016
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr. & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding Office of Science and Technology Policy's (OSTP) Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statements of Administration Policy

Statements of Administration Policy

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Description: This report discusses Statements of Administration Policy (SAPs) -- i.e., statements that communicate the Administration's position on upcoming legislation -- including structural components, the development of SAPs from the Ronald Reagan Administration to the present, the coordination of executive branch actors involved in issuing SAPs, the receipt of SAPs and their impact on government institutions, and possible reactions to SAPs when they are released publicly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Limits to Agency Independence

Constitutional Limits to Agency Independence

Date: June 1, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This legal sidebar examines issues regarding the "separation of powers" among the three branches of U.S. government, specifically in regards to federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Goldwater-Nichols at 30: Defense Reform and Issues for Congress

Goldwater-Nichols at 30: Defense Reform and Issues for Congress

Date: May 11, 2016
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report is designed to assist Congress as it evaluates the many different defense reform proposals suggested by the variety of stakeholders and institutions within the U.S. national security community. It includes an outline of the strategic context for defense reform, both in the Goldwater-Nichols era and today. It then builds a framework to understand the DOD management challenge, and situates some of the most-discussed reform proposals within that framework. It concludes with some questions Congress may ponder as it exercises oversight over the Pentagon.
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Department of Education Funding: Key Concepts and FAQ

Department of Education Funding: Key Concepts and FAQ

Date: April 22, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: Analyzing the U.S. Department of Education's (ED) budget requires an understanding of a broad range of federal budget and appropriations concepts. This report provides an introduction to these concepts as they are used specifically in the context of the congressional appropriations process for ED.
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Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview

Date: March 28, 2016
Creator: Shea, Dana A. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides an overview of the history of science and technology (S&T) advice to the President and discusses selected recurrent issues for Congress regarding OSTP's Director, OSTP management and operations, the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), and the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Can Agencies Take Actions That They Are Not Expressly Authorized by Statute to Take?

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: unknown
Description: This Legal Sidebar on statutory interpretation addresses the question of whether executive branch agencies are barred from taking actions that Congress has not specifically authorized them to take.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices, intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Overview of FY2017 Appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS)

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report tracks and describes actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2017 appropriations for the Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2016 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as part of annual CJS appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers civil works program, including congressional authorization and appropriations. Its civil works responsibilities are principally to support navigation, reduce flood and storm damage, and protect and restore aquatic ecosystems. The report also covers the standard project development process for Corps projects and other Corps activities and authorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Peace Corps: Current Issues

The Peace Corps: Current Issues

Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: The report discusses the President's annual funding request for the Peace Corps, efforts to reauthorize the Peace Corps, and related issues. Current issues include the extent to which there is available funding for Peace Corps expansion, whether volunteers are able to function in a safe and secure environment, volunteer access to abortion, and other issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Good Cause Exception to Notice and Comment Rulemaking: Judicial Review of Agency Action

The Good Cause Exception to Notice and Comment Rulemaking: Judicial Review of Agency Action

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Cole, Jared P.
Description: This report will examine judicial analysis of the good cause standard and map several factors that lead courts to uphold or reject agencies' invocation of the exception. Federal agencies issue numerous rules pursuant to congressionally delegated authority. The Administrative Procedure Act's (APA's) "good cause" exception, however, permits agencies to forgo Section 553's notice and comment requirement if "the agency for good cause finds" that compliance would be "impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest" and to bypass its requirement that rules be published 30 days before implementation if good cause exists.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses and a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: Federal advisory committees—which may also be labeled as commissions, councils, or task forces—are established to assist the executive branch in deliberating and, in some cases, helping to solve complex or divisive issues. Congress, the President, or an agency head may establish a federal advisory committee to render independent advice or provide policy recommendations. This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees operations and costs.
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The Federal Advisory Committee Act: Analysis of Operations and Costs

The Federal Advisory Committee Act: Analysis of Operations and Costs

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: The report provides an in-depth examination of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) committee operations, using the data collected by General Services Administration (GSA). The report concludes by providing a list of policy options that Congress can consider when deliberating current or future legislation to amend FACA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides links to cybersecurity legislation in the 112th, 113th, and 114th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices, intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutory Qualifications for Executive Branch Positions

Statutory Qualifications for Executive Branch Positions

Date: September 9, 2015
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.
Description: This report provides background on the framework for constitutional appointments, discusses Congress's constitutional authority to set qualifications for appointees, discusses congressional practices in this area, and provides related analysis and options. It also includes two tables with examples of existing positions with qualification requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: This report provides a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to information and computer security. Cybersecurity vulnerabilities challenge governments, businesses, and individuals worldwide. Attacks have various targets, depending upon whether the attacker was seeking military intelligence, conducting diplomatic or industrial espionage, engaging in cybercrime, or intimidating political activists; additionally attributing an attack to a specific location can be difficult, which may make responding problematic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report summarizes congressional authorization and appropriations processes for the Army Corps of Engineers and agency activities under general authorities. Congress directs the Corps through authorizations, appropriations, and oversight of its studies, construction projects, and other activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

United Nations Reform: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: May 15, 2015
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report examines reform priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including Members of Congress, the Obama Administration, selected member states, the U.N. Secretary-General, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also discusses congressional actions related to U.N. reform and mechanisms for implementing reform, as well as possible challenges facing U.S. policy makers as they consider existing and future U.N. reform efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What are the Department of Defense (DOD) Policies on Transgender Service?

What are the Department of Defense (DOD) Policies on Transgender Service?

Date: April 28, 2015
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD) policies regarding transgender service. Previously, Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the Department of Justice would take the position in litigation that the protection of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act extends to an individual's gender identity. Though Title VII does not apply to military personnel, for some, this change in the Administration's position has raised questions about U.S. law and DOD policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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